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Topic: Waka (poetry)

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 Japanese Poetry
Waka "Japanese poem." Waka literally means "Japanese poem," and in the widest sense is all Japanese rather than foreign poetry, especially Chinese.
In most Japanese poetry, there is a seasonal referent.
For example, a chestnut indicates autumn, a chrysthanthemum indicates winter, a plum indicates spring, and a lily indicates summer.
www.albany.edu /eas/170/waka.htm   (136 words)

 Waka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Waka (和歌) or Yamato uta is a genre of Japanese poetry.
There were comical waka already in the Kojiki and the Man'yōshū, but the noble style of waka in the court inhibited and scorned such aspects of waka.
It was the first waka anthology edited and issued under Imperial auspices; it commenced a long and distinguished tradition of imperial anthologies of waka that continued up to the Muromachi period.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Waka   (3047 words)

 Waka Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com
To be exact, it is contained in waka, which consist of tanka, choka, etc. But usually, waka is equal to tanka.
There were selected poets called Six best Waka poets and Thirty-six best Waka poets.
Tanka is a form of Japanese poetry, an even older form than haiku.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/w/wa/waka.html   (125 words)

 Heian Era Literature -- A Bibliography (a part of the UCLA Teaching about Japan website)
A very accessible introduction to waka poetry written by one of the pioneers in the field.
For example for the waka collections, he lists the anthologies that follow the Kokinshû, providing a summary of the content, information on the editor (or author for the diaries and tales), the circumstances of its compilation (or writing) and other useful information.
In addition to providing a backdrop of the tale, the introduction discusses the influence of Chinese poetic and cultural influences in the early Heian period, the rhetorical devices used in waka, and Ariwara no Narihira, the otoko (a[certain] man/[courtier) protagonist of the tale.
www.international.ucla.edu /eas/japan/lessons/heian-bibliography.htm   (2602 words)

 Waka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Waka (和歌) or Yamato uta is a genre of Japanese poetry.
The ancient waka ancient were recorded in the 20 volumes of the Man'yōshū, the oldest waka anthology in Japan.
There were comical waka already in the Kojiki and the Man'yōshū, but the noble style of waka in the court reduced such aspects of waka.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Waka   (2602 words)

 Japanese poetry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is the oldest waka (poem written in Japanese) and hence poetry was later praised as having been founded by a kami, a divine creation.
When Japanese poets first encountered Chinese poetry, it was at its peak in the Tang dynasty and Japanese poets were totally fascinated.
It is an original work, not a translated piece of Japanese literature, but reading it will give you a grasp of the scope of Japanese poetry and more insight into the problems of translation than may be found in less transparent books.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Japanese_poetry   (3513 words)

 New Zealand Waka and Voyaging
Te Tai Tokerau Tarai Waka (Inc) was founded in 1989 with the purpose of building waka (canoe) for the 150 anniversary of the Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi.
This waka hourua (double hulled ocean going canoe) was built in 1991 along traditional lines from two giant kauri trees hauled from the Herekino State Forest This page tells the story of the building, launching and voyages of Heke Busby's waka.
We see bulldozers dragging a giant felled tree out of the forest, destined to become the hull for a waka and then its launching day and the plans for Te Aurere, a double hulled waka built by Hector Busby which was sailed to Rarotonga.
transitofvenus.auckland.ac.nz /wakavoyaging/index2.html   (3513 words)

 Sensei Salon - Teaching Tools
Waka poetry composed by the Emperor and Empress of Japan and members of the Imperial family on the occasion of the New Year's Poetry Party at the Imperial Court.
Humorous form of short poetry with 5-7-5 syllables related to haiku, mostly concerned with human affairs and foibles.
History of Renga linked verse, court poetry, the work of Matsuo Basho; English renga and haiku; translation process discussed; 100 different translations of a single famous Basho poem presented and discussed.
www.us-japan.org /jsnc/virtualjapan/Sensei/haikubiblio.htm   (1173 words)

 Viewing Japanese Prints: Poetry & Ukiyo-e (Definitions)
Tanka: "Japanese poem," synonymous with waka, the standard verse of five lines and thirty-one syllables, arranged in lines of 5-7-5-7-7 syllables, which constituted one of the two major historical forms of Japanese poetry (the other form being haiku).
Most poetry found in ukiyo-e was linked to traditional Japanese poetic forms, so definitions of the original forms and their later variants are provided below.
One type were announcement, commemorative, or program 'surimono' (with or without verses) for special events such as poetry gatherings, anniversaries, musical performances, and actors' name changes; the other type were "verse pictures" designed for a great variety of subjects and in various styles.
spectacle.berkeley.edu /~fiorillo/texts/topictexts/artist_varia_topics/poetry_defs7.html   (1695 words)

 WEB :: Japanese
This page explores Japanese death poetry and poetry of the Samurai as well as the poetry of Zen Buddhist monks and other famous figures of Japan's rich past.
Complete online text of the classical Japanese anthology of waka or tanka, with the originals in Japanese characters, romanji, and English translation available in a side-by-side-by-side display format.
Japanese Death Poetry and Other Forms of Japanese Poetic Literature (site info)
www.categoryweb.com /Top/Arts/Literature/Poetry/In_Translation/Japanese   (165 words)

 Poetry [Arts: Literature: World Literature: Japanese]
Okuhara Seiko: biography, poetry, illustrations of her painting of Nine Cranes.
Haiku, waka, by early Japanese women poets focusing on sounds in the natural environment
Japanese women poets, and poet-painters, links and selected articles
www.worldsearch.com /arts/literature/world_literature/japanese/poetry/...   (712 words)

 Japanese poetry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is the oldest waka (poem written in Japanese) and hence poetry was later praised as having been founded by a kami, a divine creation.
Poets writing in tanka, haiku and shi move in separate planes and seldom write poetry other than in their specific chosen form, although some active poets are eager to collaborate with poets in other genres.
About 1,000 waka, mainly from the late Nara period till the contemporary times, were anthologized by five waka poets in the court including Kino Tsurayuki who wrote the "Preface in Kana" (Kanajo).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Japanese_poetry   (3513 words)

 List of poetry anthologies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Children of Albion: Poetry of the Underground in Britain
Kaifūsō (751) (Fond Recollections of Poetry) the oldest collection of Chinese poetry (kanshi) written by Japanese poets
The Harvill Book of Twentieth-Century Poetry in English
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_poetry_anthologies   (196 words)

 Plutschow - Japanese Tea Ceremony
By that time, the Kitano shrine, dedicated to the statesman and poet Sugawara no Michizane (845-903), had become a center of poetry and Noh.
According to Zen teachings, imitating the life-style of the Buddha was the best guarantee for enlightenment.
Only a handful of poets were believed to be able to uphold the highest standards.
www.humnet.ucla.edu /humnet/anthropoetics/ap0501/tea.htm   (8706 words)

 A Glossary Of Literary Terms
Waka was seen as a true art but not haikai no renga until Basho’s influence elevated it to this status.
As is typical of tavern poetry, the poem is signed by the poet inserting his (most were written by men) name as part of the last couplet.
Renga Master, Poet of Poets, Legend of Japanese literature: Basho is now a common English-Japanese word that makes people respond with the words, "Frog!" or "Autumn Crow!" in the same way that "Thank you" brings forth "You are welcome".
www.ahapoetry.com /whbkglo.htm   (9258 words)

For example, waka contrasted with Chinese poetry, renga contrasted with waka, haikai with renga, kyoka(comic waka) and zappai(comic haikai) with haikai.
This linked poetry was called haikai no renga or renga in short in the medieval period(the 12th to the 16th century).
Afterwards, units of these linked poetry were developed into kusari renga which means chain linked poetry in which the sequences were of various length such as thirty six stanzas, forty four stanzas, fifty stanzas and one hundred stanzas etcetera.
www.lian.com /TANAKA/englishpapers/renhis.htm   (6832 words)

 Japan Times: Time travel the Reizei way
Touching on her family's waka composition tradition, Reizei said that the basics of the family's waka poetry are "to write about nature." Hence the themes for new year poems include "lingering snow," "Ne no Hi" and "the pine in the early spring."
Reizei also cited a waka poem in "Kokin Wakashu," a volume whose title literally means "an anthology of ancient and modern poetry." The anthology was officially commissioned under Emperor Uda, who reigned from 887-930, and completed around 905.
The subject of 2001's new year poetry meeting was "the pine in the early spring." For that, the poem by Tamehito Reizei, the head of the family, ran: The young pine transplanted in the garden shines in the New Year season to celebrate long thriving years.
www.japantimes.co.jp /cgi-bin/makeprfy.pl5?nn20040101o2.htm   (6832 words)

 Utamakura -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
Utamakura (歌枕: jp.), literally meaning "pillow of (additional info and facts about waka) waka" in (A native or inhabitant of Japan) Japanese, is a (Study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)) rhetorical concept of (additional info and facts about Japanese poetry) Japanese poetry.
The history of utamakura is found in documents on the study of poetry such of as the Utamakura of Noin, consumed by Noin, the waka poet and monk of the late Heian period, and lists of places in the Utamakura Nayose (Utamakura reference book).
Beyond becoming familiar with the actual scenery of the poems, it is reentering the locale of a poem or story and the result of the fantasy may be said to be creation of an image far from the actual world.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/u/ut/utamakura.htm   (405 words)

 East Asian Art & Archaeology - Newsletter
Utamakura phrases soon became motifs of paintings and crafts, eventually developing into subjects like 'Musashino-zu' (the image of the scenery of Musashino) and 'Yoshinoyama-zu' (the image of Mt. Yoshino).Pieces of art in conjunction with waka poetry demonstrate a great deal of imagination and a sense of fun as well.
Waka poetry also features places and sights of Japan in phrases, known as 'utamakura', through which readers associate with a certain image.
This way of appreciating images of poets and their poetry has been cherished over generations and can be seen today in the game karuta, Hyakunin-Isshu (the hundred poems by one hundred poets), and in a variety of other forms.
www.umich.edu /~hartspc/NEAAA/issue75/members/exhibitions/articles/asia/75japan_13.html   (307 words)

 Session 28
Paul Atkins shows how a fuller understanding of the "demon-quelling" style of waka first proposed by Fujiwara Teika may be attained by stepping beyond the realm of waka and examining its appropriation by Zeami and, especially, Zenchiku.
Of the ten styles of poetry proposed by Fujiwara Teika (1162–1241) in his Maigetsush ("Monthly Notes"), the demon-quelling style must certainly rank as the most enigmatic.
A relatively obscure poet, Fujiwara Tameaki, was the central figure behind the development of both the pedagogical system of poetry initiations and the production of numerous secret commentaries.
www.aasianst.org /absts/2000abst/Japan/J-28.htm   (307 words)

The waka represented in Hyakunin Isshu were court poetry, which almost exclusively used the waka format from the earliest days of Japanese poetry until the seventeen-syllable haiku came into prominence in the seventeenth century.'
Teika also compiled a waka anthology called Hyakunin Shuka (Superior Poems of Our Time), which shares many of the same poems as Hyakunin Isshu.'
'Hyakunin Isshu is said to have been compiled by the famous thirteenth-century critic and poet Fujiwara no Sadaie (also known as Teika), though his son Fujiwara no Tameie may have had a hand in revising the collection.
www.nutcote.demon.co.uk /nl03dec2631.html   (307 words)

Shiki claimed that Japanese poetry should be modernized, and coined the terms "haiku" (replacing "hokku") and "tanka" (replacing "waka Waka (和歌) or Yamato uta is a genre of Japanese poetry.
An accomplished haiku Haiku (俳句) is one of the most important modes of Japanese poetry, a late 19th century revision by Masaoka Shiki of the old hokku, the opening verse of a linked verse form, haikai no renga.
Shiki attended college in Tokyo with Natsume Soseki Natsume Soseki (夏目 漱石 Natsume Sōseki, February 9, 1867 - December 9, 1916) was the pen-name of Natsume Kinnosuke (夏目金之助 Natsume Kinnosuke), who is widely considered to be the foremost Japanese novelist of the Meiji Era.
hoshida.oc.to /gate/nogate.cgi?ModeOfNogate=get&UrlOfNogate=encyclopedia%2Ethefreedictionary%2Ecom%2FShiki%2520Masaoka   (1618 words)

 Neal Henry Lawrence OSB (1908-2004). Biography 3/3
As a member of the Poetry Society of Japan, Father Neal writes English poems in the 31-syllable Japanese tanka [waka] form, a poetic style which predates even Japan's famed haiku.
He has also published extensively in a number of literary magazines, including "Poetry Nippon" and "The Tanka Journal." Please enjoy Six selected published tanka poems by Rev.
Father Neal stumbled upon tanka poetry almost forty years ago when a friend asked him to translate several works for a poetry magazine.
www.sja.osb.org /lawrence/nlawrence3.html   (853 words)

 Abebooks Search Results - Kokinshu
NEW CONDITION This monograph deals with the rhetorical devices of Japanese "waka" poetry through an analysis of the Japanese imperial anthologies, the "Kokinshu".
BRAND NEW CONDITION This monograph deals with the rhetorical devices of Japanese "waka" poetry through an analysis of the Japanese imperial anthologies, the "Kokinshu".
Chapters are organized around the poetic devices, including "kakekotoba", "makurakotoba", "joshi" and "utamakura".
www.abebooks.co.uk /search/sortby/3/kn/Kokinshu   (2253 words)

 about JAPAN -Japanese Poetry: Tanka and Haiku-
Tanka is one form of waka (Japanese poetry), consisting of five lines of 5,7,5,7 and 7 syllables.
As a short form of lyric poetry, tanka stresses the beauty of life and nature, and a feeling of yearning is an important element.
originally encompassed a variety of forms, such as choka, tanka and sedoka, but tanka gradually became the predominant form until, from the Heian Era (late 8th century), the term waka came to be considered synonymous with tanka.
www.oren.jp /japan_09.htm   (338 words)

The waka form dominated Japanese poetics for roughly a millennium, from C.E. 770 when the Manyoshu, the oldest collection of Japanese poetry, was compiled, until it was eclipsed in popularity by the advent of haiku.
The first imperial anthology of poetry, the Kokinshu, The Collection of Poems in Old and New Style, was presented at court in C.E. 905, and consisted almost entirely of waka.
The proliferation of love poems during this period is, in fact, the primary reason that Japanese survived as a written and spoken language and was not displaced entirely by Chinese.
www.alumni.gs.columbia.edu /owlnet/fallwinter2002/haiku.htm   (338 words)

 Ki no Tsurayuki -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
His waka is included in the important Japanese poetry anthology the (Click link for more info and facts about Hyakunin Isshu) Hyakunin Isshu, which was compiled in the (Click link for more info and facts about 13th century) 13th century, long after his death.
Ki no Tsurayuki (紀 貫之; (Click link for more info and facts about 870) 870- (Click link for more info and facts about 945) 945) was a (Click link for more info and facts about Japanese author) Japanese author, (A writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry)) poet and courtier.
He wrote of its history from its mythological origin to his contemporary waka, which he grouped into genres, referred to some major poets and gave a bit of harsh criticism to his predecessors like (Click link for more info and facts about Ariwara no Narihira) Ariwara no Narihira.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/K/Ki/Ki_no_Tsurayuki.htm   (695 words)

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