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Topic: Weights and measures

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  JewishEncyclopedia.com - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
The latter measures 525-528 millimeters, and the former 450 millimeters, estimating a handbreadth as 75 millimeters.
The weights and measures of Talmudic literature are a combination of those of the ancient Hebrew system with foreign elements; and it was especially Greek and Roman metrology which became current among the Jews in the post-Biblical period.
Inasmuch as the ell which measured six handbreadths was equal to the length of the forearm, and the length of the latter is to the arm as 6 is to 10, it follows that the "ammat sheḥi" measured ten handbreadths, or 93.36443 cm.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=81&letter=W   (5727 words)

 The Weights and Measures of Ancient Egypt
At first, weights were traditionally made in units known as debens, a standard weight of 93.3 grams, though some weights from the Old and Middle Kingdom appear to have been in unites of around 12 to 14 grams and sometimes 27 grams.
After the 12th Dynasty, a smaller unit known as a kite (qedet) with a weight of 9 to 10 grams was used and the deben itself was increased to ten kite.
Scribes measuring the grain capacities are recorded in the tomb of Menna.
www.touregypt.net /featurestories/measures.htm   (1102 words)

 Introduction - Skills Resources - Manuscripts & Special Collections - The University of Nottingham
A few old measurements are still in current use in the UK, such as pints and miles, but most people will now need to consult reference works in order to understand the measurements used in the past.
Standardisation of weights and measures in England and Wales was a long and complicated process.
The measurements referred to here are predominantly those used from the late sixteenth and early 17th centuries onwards, and those in force after the Weights and Measures Act of 1824.
www.nottingham.ac.uk /mss/online/skills/measures/index.phtml   (480 words)

 Weights and Measures
U.P.C. The County Auditor serves as the Sealer of Weights and Measures for the entire County.
To increase Weights and Measures awareness among consumers, County Auditors participate in a variety of outreach or educational programs to help explain the role of the county sealer and the protection consumers and merchants receive.
Weights and Measures officials post a seal to show that the equipment was tested and found to be correct.
www.caao.org /WEIGHTS   (789 words)

  Units: Customary Units
Meanwhile, all land in England was traditionally measured by the gyrd or rod, an old Saxon unit probably equal to 20 "natural feet." The Norman kings had no interest in changing the length of the rod, since the accuracy of deeds and other land records depended on that unit.
In traditional English law the various pound weights are related by stating all of them as multiples of the grain, which was originally the weight of a single barleycorn.
On both sides of the Atlantic, smaller volumes of liquid are traditionally measured in fluid ounces, which are at least roughly equal to the volume of one ounce of water.
www.unc.edu /~rowlett/units/custom.html   (2279 words)

 Weights & Measures
The Ohio Department of Agriculture is the custodian of the Ohio primary standards of weights and measures, which are traceable to U.S. standards of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
To increase weights and measures awareness among consumers, county auditors participate in a variety of outreach or educational programs to help explain the role or the county sealer and the protection consumers and merchants receive.
Weights and measures officials post a seal to show the the equipment was tested and found to be accurate.
www.ashtabulacountyauditor.org /weights.htm   (735 words)

 Weights and Measures.
The denominations of apothecaries' weight are the pound, lb, = 12 ounces = 5,760 grains; the ounce, oj, = 8 drachms = 480 grains; the drachm, dj, = 3 scruples = 60 grains; the scruple, sj, = 20 grains; and the grain, gr.
The weight of 1 litre of water at 39.10°, is called a kilogramme, and that of a millilitre of water a gramme = 15.434 grains.
The third column expresses the weight of a single piece in fractions of the Troyounce, carried to the thousandth, and in a few cases to the ten thousandth, of an ounce.
www.sharelynx.com /web/cyclopedia/measures.html   (2709 words)

 Trumbull County Auditor
The county auditor serves as the sealer of weights and measures for the entire county.  According to the Ohio Revised Code, Section 319.55, "The auditor shall see that all state laws relating to weights and measures are strictly enforced throughout his county, and shall assist generally in the prosecution of all violations of such laws."
The Director of Agriculture is the State Sealer of Weights and Measures. The Ohio Department of Agriculture is the custodian of the Ohio primary standards of weights and measures, which are traceable to U.S. standards of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland.  The international standards are kept in Paris, France.
All weights and measures inspectors are required to receive training and certification from the Ohio Department of Agriculture, Division of Weights and Measures. Inspectors must pass a series of 20 tests and 2 exams, as well as attend 18 hours of continuing education class per year to maintain their certification.
www.co.auditor.trumbull.oh.us /auditor_weights.htm   (441 words)

 Weights and measures Summary
Because land was the greatest measure of wealth in the Middle Ages, this correspondence was of particular importance.
In England, the Imperial Weights and Measures Act of 1824 repealed all previous legislation with respect to weights and measures.
Weights and measures is a term used by legal authorities in English speaking countries such as the United Kingdom for a function related to units of measurement in trade.
www.bookrags.com /Weights_and_measures   (1659 words)

 Weights and Measures - BERR
A reliable, well regulated system for weights and measures controls is one of the fundamental tenets of an effective regime of consumer protection.
In the UK, transactions in goods by weight or measure are, in most cases, regulated by the Weights and Measures Act 1985 and its secondary legislation the Weights and Packaged Goods Regulations 2006.
The National Weights and Measures Laboratory (NWML) is responsible for the provisions of the Weights and Measures Act relating to measuring equipment and definitions of units of measurement.
www.dti.gov.uk /consumers/buying-selling/weights-measures/page8844.html   (299 words)

 Delaware Department of Agriculture
The mission of the Weights and Measures Section is to safeguard the public in all matters involving commercial determinations of quantity.
Inspection and testing procedures are designed to ensure the accuracy of all transactions whenever merchandise is bought or sold by weight, measure, or count, and to eliminate the potential for fraud, carelessness, and misrepresentations during such transactions.
The weights or volumes of your toothpaste, bath soap, cereal, milk, coffee, luncheon meat, bread, hamburger, vegetables, soft drinks, and snacks are all regulated by Weights and Measures.
www.state.de.us /deptagri/weightsm   (436 words)

 Vanderburgh County - Weights and Measures
The enforcement of Weights and Measures enables farmers, manufacturers, processors, merchandisers and consumers to buy and sell confidently, knowing that when one pays for a pound or gallon of a certain commodity, that one is, in fact receiving a pound or gallon of that item.
Weights and Measures supervision benefits both the buyer and seller and is intended to assure equity in commercial transactions.
Weights and Measures are vital to our way of life and to the progress of our civilization and affect the lives of every person.
www.vanderburghgov.org /home/index.asp?page=346   (233 words)

 Just Weights and Measures -NRA
The command for just weights and measures assumes that there are recognized standards for calculating weight, capacity, and length in a given marketplace or geographical area.
A weight or measure that conforms to the accepted standard is just because it involves no deceit or theft, and, hence, its use (and the user) conforms to God's law.
Evil men defrauded their neighbors, and thus violated the law of just weights and measures, by shaving the coins, or by producing coins that were mixed with baser metals.
www.natreformassn.org /statesman/98/weights.html   (1024 words)

 Weights and Measures
According to Chapter 119 of the Revised Code, commercial weighing and measuring devices, such as scales and scanners, must be positioned so that its indications may be accurately read and the weighing or measuring operation may be observed from some reasonable "customer" position.
The Ohio Department of Agriculture is the custodian of the Ohio Primary of Weights and Measures, which are traceable to U.S. Standards of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
Local jurisdictions are responsible for testing and inspecting all commercial weighing and measuring devices such as deli scales, gas pumps, UPC scanners etc. The state assists in testing and inspecting of vehicle scales, livestock scales, fuel meters (fuel oil, gasoline and LP gas) and packaged consumer goods.
www.medinacountyauditor.org /weights.htm   (153 words)

 Cooking : Cooking Weights and Measures : Cooking Weights and Measures : Food Network
Fluid measures are measures of volume, while dry measures are measures of weight.
Measure the amount precisely, discarding the entire ingredient that rises above the rim of the measuring cup.
Sift with a strainer or sifter before measuring to ensure ingredient is not compacted and that there is no other foreign substance in it.
www.foodnetwork.com /food/ck_cg_weights_measures/article/0,1971,FOOD_16097_2514816,00.html   (308 words)

 Stainless Steel Test Weights
Weights 200 g, 8 oz, 0.5 lb, or 5 ozt and larger have two-piece construction which indicates that the weight is constructed of multiple pieces of raw material.
In the case of Class F weights, this means that the weight body is constructed from one piece of material with an adjusting cavity.
Larger weight sets where the total weight is greater than 10 kg or 15 lb are supplied in a case with metal reinforced corners and bottoms with padded handles for easier carrying.
www.troemner.com /weights_classF_stainlesssteel.php   (933 words)

 Table of Weights and Measures
The ton referred to in the footnotes is the American ton of 2,000 pounds.Since most readers are more familiar with dry measures being given in weight rather than capacity (bushel, quart), dry measures have been converted in the footnotes to approximate weights.
This table is based upon the best available information, but it is not intended to be mathematically precise; like the measurement equivalents in the footnotes, it merely gives approximate amounts and distances.
Weights and measures differed somewhat at various times and places in the ancient world.
www.tniv.info /bible/appendix/weightsandmeasures.php   (171 words)

 Weights & Measures   (Site not responding. Last check: )
All goods, whether pre-packed or not, should be of the correct weight or measure stated on the packaging or indicated on the premises.
Weights are tested using equipment that the National Weights and Measures Laboratory refer back to the copy of the international prototype of the kilogram kept at their premises.
The National Weights and Measures Laboratory examine patterns of weighing and measuring equipment (submitted in the UK) to determine whether their design or manufacture is such to facilitate fraud.
www.torbay.gov.uk /index/working/trading-standards/weights-and-measures.htm   (614 words)

 Bartholomew County Weights & Measures: About Us
Weights and Measures regulatory professionals set standards and uniform procedures to verify weights, volume, length, or count ensuring that consumers get the quantity that they pay for that businesses sell the quantity that they advertise.
Because of the unlimited range of products and services that are influenced by weights and measures activities, these standards create a comprehensive, impartial and often invisible shield that protects equity in our marketplace.
These are used to check the accuracy of the equipment used by weights and measures officials and industry.
www.bartholomewco.com /weights/index.php   (369 words)

 Epiphanius of Salamis, Weights and Measures (1935) pp.v-xii, 1-9. Foreword and introduction.
This manuscript was the basis for Weights and Measures in the edition of Epiphanius published by Dionysius Petau, or Petavius, in 1622.
The curtailed portion of the Greek dealing with the weights and measures per se may be from the summary of that part.
This is a mere catalogue of measures and is unmistakably interpolated in the midst of the discussion of the kor in both the Greek and the Syriac.
www.tertullian.org /fathers/epiphanius_weights_02_intro.htm   (5143 words)

 Weights and Measures: Merck Manual Home Edition
Weights and Measures· Prefixes in the Metric System· Equivalents for Weight, Volume, and Length· Equivalents for Height and Weight· Equivalents for Temperature
In medicine, precise measurements are necessary—for example, when various substances are measured in laboratory tests to evaluate health or make a diagnosis.
One mole equals the molecular (atomic) weight of a substance in grams.
www.merck.com /mmhe/appendixes/ap1/ap1a.html   (323 words)

 Riverside County Agricultural Commissioner - Weights and Measures Programs and Services
County weights and measures officials inspect and test various types of commercial weighing and measuring devices throughout the county.
County weights and measures officials test each fuel meter by dispensing five gallons into calibrated measuring containers, first at the fast (or open) speed, and then five gallons at the slow (restricted) speed.
All such devices are under the jurisdiction of weights and measures and are tested for accuracy and inspected to determine if they are appropriate for their intended use.
www.rivcoag.org /agdept/opencms/wm_programs_services   (945 words)

 The Impact Of Decline Upon Weights And Measures
In weight, for example, there are 10 mg in 1 cg, 10 cg in 1 dg, 10 dg in 1 g, 10g in 1 Dg, 10Dg in 1hg, 10 hg in 1 kg, 10 kg in 1 Mg, and so on.
Small concessions such as the printing of Imperial measures in small print along metric on food packaging are likely to be withdrawn in 1999, and the few areas to escape this year's imposition, in particular the weighing of loose fruit in pounds and ounces, will be banned on January 1st 2000.
And spearheading the fight is the British Weights and Measures Association established by Vivian Linacre.
www.ourcivilisation.com /weight   (2415 words)

 NJ Office of Weights and Measures
The Office of Weights and Measures represents one of New Jersey's oldest efforts at consumer protection and traces its origins to the Code of Hammurabi, the Magna Carta and the United States Constitution.
Created in 1911, after an "epidemic" of fraud which shortchanged the states' citizens, the Office of Weights and Measures is responsible for ensuring that all commercial weighing and measuring devices accurately measure the commodities sold to consumers.
The state office also oversees the operations of the county and local weights and measures offices.
www.state.nj.us /lps/ca/owm.htm   (151 words)

 Cast Iron Grip Handle Weights
Cast Iron Class F Grip Handle Weights are primarily used to test commercial weighing devices by state and local weights and measures officials, device installers and service technicians.
Cast Iron Class F Grip Handle Weights larger than 5 kg / 10 lb are legal for trade, which means their design is acceptable for use in checking weighing devices where the price of the item being purchased is based on its weight.
Weights are protected by a durable coat of paint – gold for metric and silver for avoirdupois – to protect the casting from rusting.
www.troemner.com /weights_classF_castiron.php   (606 words)

 Weights & Measures - Louisiana Dept. of Agriculture and Forestry
Weights and Measures - Louisiana Dept. of Agriculture and Forestry
However, in May 1992, the Weights and Measures Commission was established by the Louisiana Legislature (Act of 1992).
The division shall keep a general supervision over the weights and measures and weighing and measuring devices including motor fuel dispensers and flow meters, taxi meters offered for sale, sold, and in use in the state.
www.ldaf.state.la.us /divisions/acs/weights-measures.asp   (194 words)

 Agriculture / Weights & Measures
The County Department of Weights and Measures was created in 1915 in response to California's Weights and Measures Act of 1913.
Prior to this act, inspection of scales and measures was a responsibility of the County Clerk.
In 1993, the Board of Supervisors combined the Agriculture and Weights and Measures departments in an effort to reduce costs and increase service delivery to the residents of the County and appointed Edouard Layaye as the County's first Agricultural Commissioner/Sealer.
www.co.san-bernardino.ca.us /awm   (375 words)

 ISDH: Weights and Measures: Welcome!
The interests of every person in a community are affected by these activities, because weighing and measuring operations, to a greater or lesser degree, enter into the distribution and sale of all the necessities of life, particularly of food and fuel.
The assurance of accurate weights and measures is of vital interest and concern, to the less prosperous members of a community, those whose purchases are necessarily made in the smallest quantities and at the most frequent intervals.
The duties of the division include the routine inspection and testing of commercial weighing and measuring devices, the investigation of consumer complaints, and the training of City and County Inspectors.
www.state.in.us /isdh/regsvcs/wtmsr/welcome.html   (632 words)

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