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Topic: Welfare State

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  Welfare state - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The sociologist T.H. Marshall identified the welfare state as a distinctive combination of democracy, welfare and capitalism.
Another criticism is that the welfare state often provides its dependents with a similar level of income to the minimum wage, encouraging benefit fraud and economic inactivity, especially common now in the UK and France.
They believe that the welfare state was created (In 1948 in the UK)to provide a carefully selected number of people with a subsistence level of benefits in order to alleviate poverty, but that it has been overly expanded to provide a large number of people indiscriminately with more money than the country can afford.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Welfare_state   (1662 words)

 The Welfare State
The "welfare state" usually refers to an ideal model of provision, where the state accepts responsibility for the provision of comprehensive and universal welfare for its citizens.
In many "welfare states", social protection is not delivered by the state at all, but by a combination of independent, voluntary and government services.
The United States is sometimes described as a ‘liberal' welfare regime, in the sense that it represents individualism, laissez-faire, residualism and a punitive view of poverty.
www2.rgu.ac.uk /publicpolicy/introduction/wstate.htm#US   (1947 words)

 Welfare State - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Welfare State of Britain was the result of the William Beveridge Report in 1942, which identified five "Giant Evils" in society: squalor, ignorance, want, idleness and disease.
The Welfare State was a commitment to health (in 1948 the National Health Service was created), education, employment and social security.
The classic Welfare State period lasted from approximately 1945 to the 1970s, although many features of it remain today.
www.sugarland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Welfare_State   (272 words)

 The Rise and Fall of the British Welfare State
The history of the Welfare State is the history of the flight from the Welfare State.
State intervention in the provision of retirement income was developed by Acts of Parliament in 1908, 1925 and 1948.
Its main crime was the replacement of the burgeoning and varied private provision of welfare with the uniformity and mediocrity of the state monopoly; the values of the entrepreneur substituted with those of the administrator.
www.la-articles.org.uk /ws.htm   (3042 words)

 BRIA(14:3) Welfare, How Welfare Began, History of, Reform, Welfare to Work, Europe, Sweden, Welfare in Europe
Welfare reformers argued that the state pensions would also prevent juvenile delinquency since mothers would be able to supervise their children full-time.
Welfare should be a national government responsibility so that needy single mothers of dependent children, elderly, and disabled persons in every part of the country can get support when they meet certain qualifications.
States had to have 25 percent of their welfare caseloads at work in 1997 and 50 percent of their caseloads at work by 2002.
www.crf-usa.org /bria/bria14_3.html   (6103 words)

 North Carolina State Board of Charities and Public Welfare. Biennial Report of the State Board of Charities and Public ...
State boards of charities and public welfare were organized originally merely for the supervision of state institutions for dependents and the correlation of efforts of various charitable agencies.
On the other hand the county board of charities and public welfare, composed of three persons selected for their especial qualifications to serve cannot be expected to feel as great an interest as they otherwise might in the work of an executive officer for whose selection and program they are not responsible.
The supervisor of the school stated that she knew definitely of fifteen children in the grades who were given, by their mothers, snuff to dip or tobacco to chew, in order that they might eat less food.
docsouth.unc.edu /nc/charities1922/charities1922.html   (13342 words)

 World Socialist Movement - State: Welfare   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The social and economic reasons for introducing the welfare state were thus apparent to governments of all colours.
Despite this, welfare systems will not be dismantled completely - their main aim, after all, is to provide some support for workers who are ill or unemployed so that they might return to the labour market at a later date.
The welfare state of the future is likely to be only a shadow of what it was in the 1950s and 60s, with further attacks on universal benefits and with an increase in means-testing.
www.worldsocialism.org /wsm-pages/welfstat.html   (1204 words)

 The Conservative Welfare State by Anthony Gregory
The central state would control people from cradle grave, take charge of the education and development of young people’s minds, consume a sizable portion of the private economy for its military conquests and promise to take care of the old when they retired.
The welfare state is a right-wing invention, developed first and most characteristically by imperialist rulers as a method of shaping and controlling the masses.
The welfare state he champions has a conservative flavor — religious, nationalist, patriotic, and old-fashioned in its emphasis on family values and a back-to-basics educational curriculum — but, like warfare statism, it is also conservative in its means, just like Bismarck’s welfare state more than 100 years ago.
www.lewrockwell.com /gregory/gregory67.html   (1523 words)

 The Welfare State We're In
The state is depicted as a hero that has tempered the cruelty of the beast with laws, regulations and interventions.
One misconception about the welfare state which I hope is corrected in The Welfare State We're In (as it is in any book that touches on the history of the welfare state), is it was created in one big revolution by the 1945-50 Labour Government.
I told her that the book argues that we would be better off if the previous welfare systems had been allowed to develop instead of being replaced by the welfare state.
www.thewelfarestatewerein.com   (7091 words)

 Cutting Corporate Welfare by Ralph Nader
Perhaps still the largest corporate welfare expenditure of all time-ultimately set to cost taxpayers $500 billion in principal and interest-the SandL bailout is in large part a story of political corruption, the handiwork of the industry's legion of lobbyists and political payoffs to campaign contributors.
These senators are not standing up for their states' best economic interests; the giveaway mines create few jobs and massive environmental problems with high economic costs in foregone tourist and recreational revenues and uses.
What is the conceivable rationale for a corporate welfare profligacy that spends hundreds of millions on luxury-box-equipped, amenity-filled stadiums designed for the comfort of the wealthy spectators while fiscal constraints force the shut down of participatory high school sports activities.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Nader/CutCorpWelfare_Nader.html   (3625 words)

 Abolish the Welfare State and restore some Respect | Samizdata.net
Welfare worked better when the bishop was given arbitrary power, and could ordain things like, "no goodies for Stephen, because he is no damn good." With government welfare there must be written rules about it, which allow the chisler an opening.
They believe (and state again and again) that the breakdown in society causes the expansion of the Welfare State, and to deal with this expansion government has got to repair society (for example by working with the independent sector - which would mean that charities are even less "independent" than they are now).
Actually it is the Welfare State itself that causes the decline of society - a decline that government is (therefore) the cause, not the cure, of.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/008487.html   (6244 words)

 Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the Issues
States would be given flexibility to change the food stamp eligibility and benefit rules for their AFDC caseload and their total caseload, if they opted for electronic benefit transfer (EBT) instead of paper coupons.
If welfare policy is permanently turned over to the lower tiers of government, states will find themselves in a "race to the bottom"—a race to cut welfare benefits faster than their neighbors, thereby endangering the well-being of the most marginal members of society, including large numbers of children living in poverty.
In sum, although welfare recipients face high penalties on added earnings that discourage work, eliminating such disincentives extends eligibility for welfare to a larger population, reduces the work effort of people who join the rolls because of the increased income eligibility cutoff, and may not be cost effective for these reasons.
www.urban.org /welfare/overview.htm   (17168 words)

 State's welfare reserve now at $118 million - The Honolulu Advertiser - Hawaii's Newspaper
States share a $16.5 billion federal welfare block grant, which is partially matched by state money, and have flexibility over how the money is used.
States are given fixed amounts of federal welfare money each year and can divert up to 30 percent to childcare and social-service programs or keep some of the money in reserve.
The state spent all but $4 million of its federal grant in 1999, but that figure jumped to $14 million in 2000, $43 million in 2001 and $65 million in 2002.
the.honoluluadvertiser.com /article/2005/Mar/28/ln/ln01p.html   (1304 words)

 ZNet Commentary: State of Welfare
The good ship 'Welfare State' (secure jobs, social insurance, state-run railway, mail, telecommunication systems and infrastructure) how proudly it used to divide the troubled seas of Western European capitalism - from the post-war era till the early 80ties.
'Welfare State' - described as the ideal model of provision, where the state accepts responsibility for the provision of comprehensive welfare for its citizens - in different European countries it had different faces.
In the UK it was 'guaranteed minimum standards', in France 'national solidarity', in Sweden it was a comprehensive social provision with egalitarian, socialist aspects to it, in former Western Germany (Bundesrepublik) it was something in between.
www.zmag.org /sustainers/content/2002-11/24noll.cfm   (1399 words)

 BBC - History - The Welfare State - Never Ending Reform   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It promotes the idea of welfare developments in this country as part of a collective train journey which began with Lloyd George and ended with Mr Attlee, Labour's 1945 Prime Minister, safely steering the train into a collective welfare state terminal.
The theme of most welfare histories is 'the coming of the welfare state' as though all previous forms of welfare were temporary and incomplete, that it was inevitable Britain's welfare should be ultimately dominated by state provision, and that, somehow, the journey is now at an end.
In the 19th century Britain's welfare was characterised by voluntary provision, with mutual and friendly societies delivering a whole range of benefits.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/society_culture/welfare/field_01.shtml   (384 words)

 The Intellectual Activist
The welfare wards were a mass of sheep—on whom the incompetent administration of New Orleans unleashed a pack of wolves.
In a city corrupted by the welfare state, the job of city officials is to ensure the flow of handouts to welfare recipients and patronage to political supporters—not to ensure a lawful, orderly evacuation in case of emergency.
It is a perfect summary of the 40-year history of the welfare state and its public housing projects.
tiadaily.com /php-bin/news/showArticle.php?id=1026   (1558 words)

 Oppose the Federal Welfare State by Rep. Ron Paul
Therefore, all those concerned with restoring liberty and protecting civil society from the maw of the omnipotent state should support efforts to eliminate the welfare state, or, at the very least, reduce federal control over the provision of social services.
By contrast, the federal welfare state is neither moral nor constitutional.
In fact, it is in the self-interest of the bureaucrats and politicians who control the welfare state to encourage dependency.
www.lewrockwell.com /paul/paul80.html   (1167 words)

 The Agony of the Welfare State
If the interventionist says the state should do this or that (and pay for it) he is fully aware of the fact that the state does not own any funds but those which it collects as taxes from citizens.
If the United States had nationalized the American railroads, and had not only to forgo the taxes that the companies pay, but, in addition, to cover every year a deficit of several billions, it would not have been in a position to indemnify the European countries for the foolishness of their own socialization policies.
So what is postponing the obvious collapse of the Welfare State in Europe is merely the fact that the United States has been slow and "backward" in adopting the principles of the Welfare State's "new economics": it has not nationalized railroads, telephone, and telegraph.
www.mises.org /efandi/ch12.asp   (1861 words)

 The Welfare State must be abolished | Samizdata.net
James Bartholomew, author of 'The Welfare State We're In', agreed to face a panel of unsympathetic critics in a debate held at the London School of Economics and arranged by BBC Radio 4.
He showed the blight that the welfare state has wrought on the lives of many individuals and stated that there were no panaceas which could reverse the social and cultural damage.
His point about risk is a good one - the welfare state gives you a chance that you might not be treated, or that you might be denied treatments for reasons that seem unfair to you or are beyond your control.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/008326.html   (2385 words)

 Amazon.com: A Life of One's Own : Individual Rights and the Welfare State: Books: David Kelley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A Life of One's Own is a devastating refutation of the flawed concept of "welfare rights." Kelley presents empirical evidence of the welfare state's effects on behavior, historical research on the origins of the welfare state (and on what it displaced), and philosophical clarification of such core ideas as freedom and rights.
He argues that the welfare state was caused by a change of philosophy, from the individualist, classical liberal philosophy to the "new liberal" let's-take-care-of-everyone philosophy.
He goes on to say that these welfare "rights" are not rights, but acts of coercion by the government which force people to look out for others in the name of "compassion" and "benevolence." This book is an excellent book for anyone, wether you are against or for the welfare state.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/188257771X?v=glance   (2302 words)

 The Conservative Welfare State by Robert W. Tracinski -- Capitalism Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The conservatives' refusal to challenge the fundamental ideas behind the welfare state, she argued, would doom them to a policy of appeasement and timidity.
This approach was explained almost a decade ago by Irving Kristol, in an article titled "A Conservative Welfare State." We must acknowledge, Kristol asserted, "that the welfare state is with us, for better or worse," and all we can seek is "a welfare state consistent with the basic moral principles of our civilization and...
It is dead when its leaders endorse a total surrender to the welfare state -- and announce that, if we can't beat the Left, we should join them at the federal trough.
www.capmag.com /article.asp?ID=293   (868 words)

 Immigration and the Welfare State
Without a welfare state, we would know that everyone coming to America wanted to work hard and support himself.
Welfare programs and minimum wage laws create an artificial market for labor to do the jobs Americans supposedly won’t do.
If we took some of the steps I have outlined here - eliminating the welfare state and securing our borders - we could effectively address the problem of illegal immigration in a manner that would not undermine the freedom of American citizens.
www.house.gov /paul/tst/tst2005/tst080805.htm   (635 words)

 Welfare - Wex
In the United States, welfare benefits for individuals and families with no or low income had been almost non-existent prior to the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Needy individuals not meeting the eligibility criteria for these forms of federally assisted or supported welfare may qualify for purely state or state and local relief, often called general assistance.
The passage of the Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996 (http://www.law.cornell.edu/usc-cgi/get_external.cgi?type=pubLandtarget=104-121) further narrowed the number of people allowed to receive SSI disability benefits by requiring that drug addiction or alcoholism not be a material factor in their disability.
www.law.cornell.edu /topics/welfare.html   (466 words)

 How The Welfare State Works
The debate over specific Welfare programs has generally focused on the alleged need of the prospective client, the most efficient way to meet that need in a contemporaneous time frame, and the effect of the proposed program on budgets and taxes.
The power to regulate commerce among the States and with the Indian tribes, does not imply a right to tax commerce to subsidize the education of those with the least impact on commerce--or of anybody else.
While we are taxed to pay for a Welfare State that subsidizes deliberate breeding at the bottom of society, the middle class birthrate has virtually collapsed.
pages.prodigy.net /krtq73aa/welfare.htm   (4172 words)

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