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Topic: Wenamun

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 YourArt.com >> Encyclopedia >> Alashiya   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The extant ending of the Story of Wenamun records how Wenamun, a priest of Egypt, had been blown off course on the sea journey from Byblos to Egypt and ended up on Alashiya.
Wenamun reports that he was almost killed by an angry mob, but was rescued by Hatbi, the "princess of the town".
Some of the last texts referring to Alashiya are from the Hittite Empire (based in modern Turkey) and boast of quelling Alashiya by force.
www.yourart.com /research/encyclopedia.cgi?subject=/Alashiya   (828 words)

 The Temple of Umm Ubaydah Evidence
Wenamun wears an ostrich feather in his hair which shows that he was a descendant of a Libyan family, perhaps the same family which continued to rule the oasis for several centuries.
We also recall that Wenamun or Wennamon is the same we know from the `Travels of Wennamon'.
The chronological order of the representatives of the Persian satrap Arsames in Egypt went from Ahapi to Psamtek and Nekht-hor-heb, the latter of which was active in the last years of the 5th century until to the death of Arsames in about 407 BC.
www.specialtyinterests.net /ummubaydah.html   (813 words)

 Smendes, the First King of the 21st Dynasty: And the Third Intermediate Period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
From the Report of Wenamun, dating to Year 5 of the "Renaissance Era" during the last decade of the reign of Ramesses XI, we learn much of what we know of this future king.
Smendes is specifically described as being the one to whom Wenamun gave his letters of credence from Herihor, the High-Priest of Amun and a powerful general in the south.
In a hymn to Amun on a papyrus from Deir el-Bahri, which has been dubbed the "credo of the theocracy", the god's name is written in a cartouche and he is addressed as the superior of all the gods, the fountainhead of creation, and the true king of Egypt.
www.touregypt.net /featurestories/smendes.htm   (1083 words)

 [No title]
In view of this apparent confidence on the part of one eminent Egyptologist we should not be overly hasty in discounting the possibility that Piankh (not Piankhi) was given oversight of the Theban cultus by either Esarhaddon or Herihor, and this as early as 671 B.C. We leave the matter there pending further evidence.
The importance of the Wenamun papyrus is reflected in the fact that Gardiner, in his epic Egypt of the Pharaohs, expends fully five pages retelling the tale contained therein.
In such circumstances Egypt was evidently too weak to command respect abroad, and the conversations of Wenamun with the princes whom he met afford a revelation of the contemporary world unequaled in the entire literature of the Nearer East.
www.kent.net /DisplacedDynasties/20th-25th_Dynasty_Transition.html   (6394 words)

 Wenamun in Byblos: shopped for wood, a valued Phoenician commodity
Acting on behalf of the Pharaoh Smendes, Wenamun was sent with linen, oils, and other goods valued in gold and silver (equivalent to five deben of gold and 31 deben of silver, a sum greater than an average Egyptian made in a lifetime) to purchase much-valued timber from Byblos for the Egyptian king.
The Report of Wenamun, since its discovery in 1891, has been heralded as a literary masterpiece of the Late Period of the New Kingdom and also as an illustration of the decay of Egypt's prestige abroad during this time period.
That the king of Byblos in Wenamun's tale could produce three hundred woodcutters upon demand, as well as sufficient animals and drivers to drag the timbers down to the port, suggests that both he and his woodsmen were accustomed to the practical requirements of the timber business and to fulfilling large foreign orders.
www.phoenicia.org /wenamun.html   (5275 words)

 News | Gainesville.com | The Gainesville Sun | Gainesville, Fla.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Story of Wenamun (alternately known as the Report of Wenamun, The Misadventures of Wenamun, or [1] as just Wenamun) is a literary text written in hieratic in the Late Egyptian language.
It is only known from one incomplete copy discovered in 1890 at al-Hibah, Egypt, and subsequently purchased in 1891 in Cairo by the Russian Egyptologist Vladimir Goleniščev (Caminos 1977:1).
The Story of Wenamun was discovered with another historical fiction, the so-called Tale of Woe Papyrus" class="external">Pushkin 127, which takes the form of an imaginative letter as a vehicle to convey a narrative; see Caminos 1977 for discussion of both works.
www.gainesville.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Story_of_Wenamun   (1566 words)

 Detail Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Wenamun was a temple official who was sent on a mission by Herihor, high priest of Amun at Thebes, to buy cedarwood from Byblos to restore the sacred bark of Amun in which the god's statue was paraded during festivals.
The expedition's context was of an Egypt that no longer enjoyed great prestige abroad and that at home was suffering a nominal rulership by Ramesses XI—in reality it was controlled by Herihor in the south and by Smendes, prince of Tanis, in the north.
Wenamun took an image of his god—"Amun of the Road"—with him to enhance his prestige with foreign rulers, but the difficulties he encountered with princes and officials demonstrated that Egypt was no longer held in high esteem by other countries of the Near East.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=HLAE0265   (274 words)

 Setting Out from Gubla   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Apparently, Tjekerbaal would not arrest Wenamun, since he had stolen the money outside of the harbor of Gubla and was, therefore, outside of our king’s jurisdiction (Goedicke 43).
In the end, I decided that my ship would set first that night with Wenamun, so that, if possible, we could find a hiding place and, shrouded by the night sky, escape the notice of the Tjeker (Wachsmann 301).
Wenamun sat transfixed on the quarterdeck, my warm cloak wrapped around his thin linen clothing (Sauneron 37).
instruct1.cit.cornell.edu /courses/nes262/studentproj/spring05/bel9/SettingOut.htm   (936 words)

 Dor - Iron Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Apart from the Bible, there is one remarkable Egyptian document which mentions Dor in the early Iron Age.
The ‘story of Wenamun’ is an account of an Egyptian priest's journey to Byblos, in the tumultuous days following the loss of the Egyptian empire.
Wenamun is robbed at the port of Dor, which was ruled at the time, according to this story, by Bdr, king of the SKL.
www.hum.huji.ac.il /dor/Periods_IR.html   (1868 words)

 Correct!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The quote was a statement by Wenamun to the Prince of Byblos.
Wenamun was an official who lived during the reign of Menmaatre Setepenptah Ramesses XI (1098-1070BC).
Wenamun’s mistreatments by the princes of the Levant are a sure indication of Egypt’s waning influence in the Near East.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Post/84234   (293 words)

 Deities of Abdichor and Wenamun   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
For instance, in a seventh century, B.C., treaty between the rulers of Assyria and Tyre, Baal Sapon is one of the gods invoked to destroy the ships of the Tyrian king with an “evil wind” and “violent tide, if the king of Tyre should break his word (Brody 10-11).
In The Report of Wenamun, Wenamun often emphasizes the status of Amon (Baines 230).
For instance, during his conversation with King Tjekerbaal, Wenamun tells him that Amon-Re, “the King of the Gods” was both “the lord of [his] fathers” and that Tjekerbaal himself is “a servant of Amon” (Wente 121).
instruct1.cit.cornell.edu /courses/nes262/studentproj/spring05/bel9/Deities.htm   (595 words)

 Zakar-Baal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As he is a character in the Story of Wenamun, an Egyptian work of historicial fiction, it is not entirely certain if Zakar-Baal was a historical personage.
In the Story of Wenamun, Thebes is under the control of Herihor – the High Priest of Amun.
Zakar-Baal refused to see Wenamun for twenty-nine days and finally one of Zakar-Baal's priests had a frenzy of prophesying and demanded that they heed the idol and Wenamun.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Zakar-Baal   (505 words)

 [No title]
The really interesting questions of this story are legal questions which include the obligations of contracts, treaties, and especially the obligation by treaty not to give refuge to a wanted criminal even when he carries the law with him and or acts with diplomatic immunity.
He suggest that Smendes entrusted Wenamun to a foreign captain as a trap to have him killed, so that, although Wenamun thinks he is on an official errand, he has no real backup at home.
Perhaps Wenamun's reply is a way to indicate to Cheker-Baal that he is not fooled by his first sentence, without using a plain denyial, which would be inelegant.
www.rostau.org.uk /aegyptian-l/archives/week374.txt   (5216 words)

 Detail Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Another example, the Story of Wenamun, differs from the others in that it appears to describe actual conditions and events that existed at the end of Dynasty 20 (c.1080
It is a tale of misfortune and failure set in a period of Egypt's decline when prestige had been lost and Egyptians traveling abroad (in this case, Wenamun) encountered many difficulties.
As a vivid and realistic account of a trading voyage in the eastern Mediterranean, it is an important social and historical document.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=HLAE0211   (1298 words)

 Ancient Egypt: Wenamen's Journey
As regards Khaemwise, those envoys whom he sent to you were men, and he himself was a man. But you have not here one of his envoys when you say 'Go and look at your companions'.
Do you not rejoice that you can cause to be made for yourself a stele and that you can say on it: 'Amen-Re, King of the Gods, sent me Amun-of-the-Road his envoy, together with Wenamun his human envoy, in quest of the timber for the great noble bark of Amen-Re', King of the Gods.
Wenamon, Wenamun, Wen-Amun, Wen-Amon, Amun-Re - Lucifer at Tyre
www.reshafim.org.il /ad/egypt/wenamen.htm   (3164 words)

 Egypt: History - Dynasty XII (Twenty-first Dynasty)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The initial stage could not have been better characterized than was done by the ill-starred envoy Wenamun.
Egypt was now governed from two separate capitals, Thebes in the south and Tanis in the north.
Wenamun is insistent in maintaining that everywhere, not in Egypt alone, the overlordship belonged to the Theban god Amun, earthly monarchs being mere mortals.
interoz.com /egypt/hdyn21.htm   (2967 words)

 Egypt: History - Dynasty XX (Twentieth Dynasty)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It tells the story of the misfortunes of Wenamun, a Theban sent on a mission to Syria at the very close of Dyn.
Wenamun, however, prefers to continue his journey and after touching at Tyre leaves that port at daybreak.
Wenamun must have succeeded in reaching home, otherwise his report could never have been written.
www.touregypt.net /hdyn20c.htm   (4036 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2001.08.13
A brief but very detailed overview of Egypt's Imperial Age, with special attention devoted to the fall of the New Kingdom, is then presented.
The use of original source material such as the Report of Wenamun illustrates the shifting dynamics regarding pharaoh, residing in the north, and the high priest of Karnak, in the south.
Additionally, this literary tale informs us of Egypt's changing role and loss of prestige regarding her neighbors: Wenamun is sent to fetch wood for the bark of Amun not by the king, but rather by order of the high priest Herihor.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2001/2001-08-13.html   (1568 words)

 Wenamun (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab1.isi.jhu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
To complete the thesis we must convincingly identify the Theker and the Weshesh, a task that has confounded ALL scholars and Egyptologists until this day.
We will start with the tale of Wenamun who was an elder in the Temple of Amun probably at the time of the Pharaoh Smendes of the XXIst Dynasty.
He was sent to obtain timber and it is here we meet the only other reference to the Tjekker in the Egyptian annals.
www.biblemysteries.com.cob-web.org:8888 /lectures/wenamun.htm   (832 words)

 Luxor   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Then, after the victory of Ramses III over the Sea Peoples, a very slow decay characterized Thebes in times of division of Egypt; even then, despite its limited political power, Thebes had an edge over all the rest: an immense past and a legendary name of radiation that only Babylon could claim to match.
Wenamun, the priest of Amun, moved from Thebes to Byblos, around 1075 BCE, and found strange that Zakar Baal, King of Byblos did not comply with his request for valuable cedar wood, necessary for the construction of the holy boat of Amun, and did not fear, when hearing the name of the past glories.
No rich tombs were to be hewn in the western mountains any more, but rather the whole city was to be considered as an entire mausoleum and therefore venerated as such.
luxor.iqnaut.net   (1069 words)

 Report of Wenamun
This is the story of Wenamun as he journeys from Egypt to Byblos by Herihor (with the permission of Smendes I, prince of Tanis, to buy wood which is needed to build a sacred barque for Amun.
The story shows the decline of Egypt's power abroad, for Wenamun has almost to plead with the King of Byblos for the wood.
Should you not rejoice and have a stela [made] for yourself, and say on it: 'Amen-Re, King of Gods sent me Amun-of-the-Road, his envoy, together with Wenamun, his human envoy, in quest of timber for the great noble bark of Amen-Re, King of Gods.
members.tripod.com /~ib205/report.html   (2588 words)

Thus, recent attempts to claim that Goliath can only be understood in the context of later phases of the Iron Age are unwarranted.
centuries BCE), there is a description of the Egyptian priest Wenamun’s travels from Egypt to Lebanon to purchase cedar for his temple in Egypt.
During his travels he reached Dor, on the northern coast of present day Israel.
faculty.biu.ac.il /~maeira/Goliath/Goliath%20Inscription.html   (722 words)

 Amazon.com: The Report of Wenamun (The Johns Hopkins Near Eastern studies): Books: Hans Goedicke   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Amazon.com: The Report of Wenamun (The Johns Hopkins Near Eastern studies): Books: Hans Goedicke
This item is not eligible for Amazon Prime, but over a million other items are.
The Report of Wenamun (The Johns Hopkins Near Eastern studies) (Hardcover)
www.amazon.com /Report-Wenamun-Hopkins-Eastern-studies/dp/0801816394   (361 words)

 The relief of Sheshonk
Especially if they are dated after the time of the famous voyage of Wenamun, who was sent from Egypt to Byblos to buy cedar wood, but only barely managed to do so after waiting endlessly in the harbour because the king refused to see him.
The famous voyage of Wenamun to Byblos took place, in my opinion, around 680 BC, the time of King Esarhaddon, who had a conflict with Taharqa and had probably ordered a trade boycott against Egypt.
In the story the word 'pharaoh' is only used when rulers from the past are mentioned; there were no more real pharaohs then.
home.tiscali.nl /meester7/engsheshonk.html   (3048 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
I've a problem with the Wenamun text we have begun to read: I'm stuck at a difficult passage.
I also found a translation on the net but it doesn't make much sense and all the translations we've looked give a complete different version one from another.
Greetings Carlo Rindi Pisa University ============================================================================== From: Michael-Tilgner@t-online.de (Michael Tilgner) To: "AEL" Subject: Re: AEL A difficult passage in Wenamun Date: Sat, 3 Apr 2004 18:05:44 +0200 Carlo Rindi wrote: >> I've a problem with the Wenamun text we have begun to read: I'm stuck at a difficult passage.
www.rostau.org.uk /aegyptian-l/archives/week373.txt   (1034 words)

Taking as a background two notorious travelogues from pharaonic Egypt, this book promises to stir the debate on ancient Egyptian literary fiction.
Following an analysis of traditional Egyptological criticism, the author outlines a theoretical framework in which works like Sinuhe or Wenamun can be considered as literary fictions.
Travelling abroad and boundary transgression come out convincingly as the decisive criteria of Egyptian fictionality.
www.brill.nl /print.aspx?partid=10&pid=9845   (253 words)

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