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Topic: Western Wei Dynasty

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  Ming Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Ming Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644.
Western historians also argue that the quality of the emperors declined and this was exacerbated by the centralization of authority.
The fall of the Ming Dynasty was a protracted affair, its roots beginning as early as 1600 with the emergence of the Manchu state under Nurhaci.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ming_Dynasty   (3305 words)

 Northern Wei Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Buddhist stela from the Northern Wei period, build in the early 6th century.
The Northern Wei Dynasty (北魏 386-534) is most noted for the unification of northern China in 440, it was also heavily involved in funding the arts and many antiques and art works from this period have survived.
It is thought the dynasty originated from the Tuoba clan of the non-Han Xianbei tribe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Northern_Wei_Dynasty   (235 words)

 Encyclopedia: History of China
It was the first dynasty to embrace the philosophy of Confucianism, which became the ideological underpinning of all regimes until the end of imperial China.
The unification is the second shortest dynasty in the history of China after Qin Dynasty, and during this time, millions laboured on the Grand Canal of China, still the longest canal in the world to date.
The Qing Dynasty (清朝, 1644–1911) was founded after the defeat of the Ming, the last Han Chinese dynasty, by the Manchus, formerly known as the Jurchen, who invaded from the north in the late seventeenth century.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/History-of-China   (11004 words)

 420-479. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
During these years of Chinese dynasties who had been forced south by invasions from the north, much of south China became Sinified, as the northerners brought with them their institutions and religious practices.
The feudal society of the northern and southern dynasties formed around these families; it was effectively the way society girded itself to cope with tremendous turbulence caused by mass migrations and continual incursions.
In sculpture, the Northern Wei began to cut cave temples at the Yungang grottoes in northern Shanxi near Datong; after Luoyang became the Northern Wei capital in 495, new caves were cut at nearby Longmen as well.
www.bartleby.com /67/158.html   (1386 words)

 Western Zhou Dynasty Map   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
A chieftain of a frontier tribe called Zhou, which had settled in the Wei Valley in modern Sha'anxi Province, overthrew the last Shang ruler, a despot according to standard Chinese accounts.
It was philosophers of this period who first enunciated the doctrine of the "mandate of heaven," the notion that the ruler (the "son of heaven") governed by divine right but his dethronement would mean that he had lost his mandate.
This doctrine explained and justified the demise of the two earlier dynasties and at the same time supported the legitimacy of the present and future rulers.
www.paulnoll.com /China/Dynasty/dynasty-West-Zhou.html   (230 words)

 Chinese Dynasties
Beginning with the Qin Dynasty, the common characteristic of Chinese rule is that there was one primary leader of China, the head of the Dynasty.
It was common for a Chinese Dynasty to follow a basic pattern: begin with a very powerful leader taking over a weakened country; develop over several generations to a highly successful and vital civilization; and then degrade to the point that an opponent could take over.
To help further elucidate the nature of a Dynasty, details of the Qing Dynasty, China's last, are presented in a separate table, showing each of the Emperors, and depicting some events that took place during their reign that influenced the future development of China.
www.itmonline.org /arts/dynasties.htm   (1544 words)

 China - Dunhuang   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Sometime in the mid-11th century, a collection of approximately 30,000 manuscripts were sealed up in an annex of the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, remaining there until its discovery by the Daoist caretaker of the caves in the late 19th century.
All stamps are from the period of the Sui Dynasty.
The spread of Buddhism from India, the invention of printing, and the flowering of poetry and prose illuminated the entire period and made it one of the most brilliant in Chinese literary history.
worldheritage.heindorffhus.dk /frame-ChinaDunhuang.htm   (330 words)

 Western Jin Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Historically the dynasty is known as the "Western Jin Dynasty" and Sima Yan was known as Emperor Wu.
In 280 AD, the Western Jin wiped out the Wu, the last surviving regime of the Three Kingdoms Period (220 - 265) and reunified the south and north.
His army captured Luoyang, the capital of the Western Jin Dynasty and caught the emperor.
www.warriortours.com /intro/history/jin/western.htm   (370 words)

 Era of Disunity - (AD 220 to 618 -- 399 Years)
Finally, in 220 the son of Tao Tao seized the throne and established the Wei Dynasty (220-265).
The Shu Dynasty (221-263) was established in the southwestern China, and the Wu Dynasty (222-280) in the southeast.
None of the non-Chinese dynasties were able to extend their control over the entire North China plain until 420, when the Northern Wei Dynasty did so.
www.paulnoll.com /China/Dynasty/dynasty-disunity.html   (523 words)

 Shanghai WebSite - Travel in China
From this beginning in the Six Dynasties (or Northern and Southern partition) Period, and for the years of the Northern and Western Wei Periods, twenty-three caves were created showing Indian influences, reflecting the characteristics of the country of origin of Buddhism.
At the break-up of the Wei (due to friction concerning the traditional Tobas lifestyle), the Northern Zhou (the ones who unsuccessfully tried to revert to traditional Tobas traditions) remained in power, until the throne of the Northern Zhou was usurped by a general of Chinese or mixed Chinese-Tobas ancestry, Yang Chien.
During the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty (1280-1368 AD) nine new caves were cut into the north face of the cliff, there being no room in the southern face for expansion.
www.shanghai.ws /TIClook11047.html   (1012 words)

 Northern dynasties - SmartyBrain Encyclopedia and Dictionary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The Northern Dynasties (北朝 bei3 zhao1) included Northern Wei Dynasty, Eastern Wei Dynasty, Western Wei Dynasty, Northern Qi Dynasty, Northern Zhou Dynasty.
The Poetics of Decadence: Chinese Poetry of the Southern Dynasties and Late Tang Periods (Suny Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture)
The Northern Dynasties: Kingship and Statecraft in Chimor : A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 12th and 13th October 1985
smartybrain.com /index.php/Northern_Dynasties   (266 words)

 History of Ancient China: Eastern Jin Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Jin was historically divided into two periods: the Western Jin (265 - 316) with Luoyang as its capital city and Eastern Jin as Jiankang (present Nanjing in Jiangsu Province) became the capital city.
Jin Dynasty was the only period, which unified the country during the period between the Wei, the Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420 - 589), though this kind of achievement was not lasting.
Although Jin Dynasty was short and full of conflicts, the mix between nationalities was accelerated through the long-term contacts and mutual influences.
www.muztagh.com /china-history/jin   (141 words)

 Teaching Chinese Archaeology, object 19 - NGA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Between the end of the Han dynasty and the middle of the Tang dynasty, Buddhism gradually spread throughout China, appealing to all levels of society, men and women alike.
The Famensi, a monastery at Fufeng, Shaanxi province, was founded in the Western Wei dynasty but assumed greater importance during the Tang dynasty (618-907 A.D.).
This casket demonstrates the high degree of court patronage of Buddhist arts just prior to a period of suppression in the mid-ninth century A.D. Buddhism continued to thrive, but it never again enjoyed the level of state support that it did at the time when this casket was made.
www.nga.gov /education/chinatp_sl19.htm   (468 words)

 Xi Xia or Western Xia Dynasty -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China
Xixia Dynasty, or Western Xia Dynasty, lasting hundreds of years, was the exception in Chinese history chronicles, namely, there was no separate volume for this dynasty.
Dangxiang-qiang spread from Lintao [Lintan of Gansu Prov] and Xiping [Xining of Qinghai] in the east to Yehu [Shanshan and Turfan county in New Dominion Prov] in the west.
Posterior Han Dynasty continued the pacification policy as to the Tanguts, and further seceded Jingzhou (Mizhi county of Shenxi) to Li Yiyin in AD 949 and conferred the title of "zhong shu ling" (minister for central secretariat).
www.uglychinese.org /xixia.htm   (8137 words)

 Chinese History - Northern Wei Dynasty (www.chinaknowledge.org)
They forced their own people to speak Chinese, to adopt Chinese names and culture, and challenged the own aristocracy by depriving them of their powerful offices, thereby strenghtened the position of the central government and contributed to the sinification of the foreign tribes.
Futhermore, the Tuoba rulers (now called Yuan) developed a new system of land distribution that should be adopted by the following Sui and Tang Dynasties.
A powerful instrument for the Northern Wei rulers - as they were called later - was Buddhism, as the emperor was seen as a living incarnation of the ruling Buddha.
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Division/beiwei.html   (285 words)

 Northern dynasties -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The Northern Dynasties (北朝 bei3 zhao1) included (Click link for more info and facts about Northern Wei Dynasty) Northern Wei Dynasty, (Click link for more info and facts about Eastern Wei Dynasty) Eastern Wei Dynasty, Western Wei Dynasty, (Click link for more info and facts about Northern Qi Dynasty) Northern Qi Dynasty, Northern Zhou Dynasty.
As a well known fact Tuoba family changed their family name to 元(yuan2) during the reign of Xiao Wen Di in (Click link for more info and facts about 496) 496 so we will also change from there.
Western Wei Dynasty (Click link for more info and facts about 535) 535- (Click link for more info and facts about 556) 556
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/n/no/northern_dynasties.htm   (2282 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The reproduction of Buddhist texts and icons is considered a pious act in the Mahayana tradition, and so during Northern Wei period and the subsequent Wei dynasties in China, it became very common for donors to commission the creation of stele in order to generate spiritual merit for themselves.
The most important patrons had the honor of having both their names and a simple portrait appear on the front of the stele, on the lower register (view Detail 1).
The middle register is occupied by a scene of the Western Paradise (view Detail 2).
depts.washington.edu /uwch/silkroad/exhibit/religion/buddhism/i_and_i/b62s2.html   (350 words)

 Chinese History - Western Wei Dynasty event history and rulers (www.chinaknowledge.org)
Western Wei 西魏 (535-556) and Eastern Wei 東魏 (534-550)
To escape the power of the potentate Gao Huan 高歡, Northern Wei (Beiwei 北魏) emperor Yuan Xiu 元修 in 534 fled to Chang’an 長安 (modern Xi’an) where the Xiongnu 匈奴 general Yuwen Tai 宇旇泰 resided.
In 557 Yuwen Jue 宇旇覺 deposed emperor Yuan Kuo 元廓 (posthumous Xiwei Gongdi 西魏恭帝) and founded his own dynasty, the Northern Zhou (Beizhou 北周).
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Division/xiwei-rulers.html   (226 words)

 ART 220 The Arts of China
Cave 20, Yungang chapels, Northern Wei dynasty, ca.
Cave 285, Mogao chapels, Dunhuang, Gansu province, Western Wei dynasty, 538-539 C.E. Tall jar with appliqué décor, stoneware, 27.5 in.
Tang dynasty, 777 C.E. Attributed to YAN LIBEN, Scroll of the Emperors, handscroll, ink and color on silk, 20.1 x 216 in.
people.hws.edu /blanchard/Art220/midtermreview01.html   (1097 words)

 china   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Xia Dynasty: 2,100 BC to 1,600 BC with 16 emperors.
Shang Dynasty: 1,600 BC to 1,100 BC with 17 generations with 30 emperors.
Western Zhou Dynasty: 1,100 BC to 771 BC (altogether 329 years)
www.geocities.com /hwkng2000/china.html   (244 words)

 South-North Dynasties -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China
Most historians classified it as Southern-Northern Dynasties to emphasize that both the northern and southern dynasties were part of one whole China.
However, General Liu was eager to return to Nanking to usurp the Jin Dynasty, and his army in Luoyang-Xi'an areas were defeated by the Hunnic Xia.
Eastern Wei and Western Wei would be usurped by two generals of Xianbei origin, respectively, who set up Northern Qi (AD 550-577) and Northern Zhou (AD 557-581).
www.uglychinese.org /southnorth.htm   (1282 words)

 Sui Wen-ti Biography / Biography of Sui Wen-ti Biography Biography
Sui Wen-ti (541-604) is the formal posthumous name of the Chinese emperor Yang Chien, founder of the Sui dynasty.
The ancestry of Sui Wen-ti, born Yang Chien, is not certain, but it is likely that his antecedents served as officials under several of the non-Chinese states in North China.
His father, Yang Chung, was a soldier and was given a title of nobility and a fief by the last ruler of the Northern Wei and again earned a noble title and fief by his distinguished military service to Yü-wen T'ai, the founder of the Western Wei dynasty.
www.bookrags.com /biography-sui-wen-ti   (252 words)

 Reverse Spins
It doesn’t beat you over the head with the iron fist of a despot or sweep you aside with a wave of revolution, but, rather, is a death by a thousand doses of bad medicine that makes benign neglect seem utopian.
Y chromosomes reveal founding father-10/25 Nature, by Charlotte Schubert-- Did conquest and concubines spread one man's genes across Asia?-- About 1.5 million men in northern China and Mongolia may be descended from a single man, according to a study based on Y chromosome genetics1.
Before 1900 in Europe and America, it was at home that music was most often experienced, by family members who played some instrument or sang, and by, willingly or unwillingly, the rest of the family and friends.
www.reversespins.com   (6427 words)

 DungHuang Grottoes - Silk Road - China the Beautiful   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Northern Wei Dynasty 386-634 AD Fresco painting - Hunting Scene
Northern Wei Dynasty 386-634 AD Fresco painting - Detail of a Legend
Western Wei Dynasty 535-557 AD Boddhisattva of the Red Lotus- Cave 57
www.chinapage.com /dunhuan.html   (188 words)

 The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Special Exhibitions - China: Dawn of a Golden Age, 200—750 AD
The Northern and Southern Dynasties refer to a period, from the fourth to the sixth century, when China was divided.
Politically, they were allied with the south and submitted to the administration of the Southern Dynasties.
They seem, however, to have retained some distinctive cultural traits of their own, including their manner of dress.
www.metmuseum.org /special/China/s4_obj_6.R.asp   (156 words)

 Jin/Tsin dynasties
Northern Wei splits into Eastern and Western Wei, Chi and Zhou.
If you have arrived at this page via a search engine, please click to view the complete site.
fitzw.com /new/sandn.shtml   (81 words)

 Look-4-it: HISTORY
History of the Mazru'i Dynasty of Mombasa Al-Amin bin 'Ali Al Mazru'i
Concise History of Western Music IM&TIF Hanning, BR America: a Narrative History : Vols 1&2 Tindall, George B.;Shi, David E. Western Civilizations Their History and Their Culture; Lerner, Robert E.;Meacham, Standish;Burns, Edward McNall
Concise History of Western Music Hanning, Barbara Russano (Professor of Music, City College of New York, City University of New York, USA)
book.look-4-it.com /History   (13668 words)

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