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Topic: Western culture


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  Western world - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Originally defined as Western Europe, most modern uses of the term refer to the societies of Europe and their close genealogical, linguistic, and philosophical colonial descendants, typically included are those countries whose dominant culture is derived from European culture.
Western society is claimed to follow an evolution that began in ancient Athens, continued through the Roman Empire and, with the coming of Christianity (which had its origins in the Middle East), spread throughout Europe.
As the eastern and western churches spread their influence, the line between "East" and "West" can be described as moving, but generally followed a cultural divide that was defined by the existence of the Byzantine empire and the fluctuating power and influence of the church in Rome.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Western_world   (2172 words)

  
 Western culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The origins of Western Culture are often cited as ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, and Catholic and Protestant Christianity, and as such, some describe it as "Judeo-Christian culture", neglecting the fundamental role of ancient and modern philosophy and science.
Owing to the influence of Arab culture—a culture that had preserved the knowledge of ancient Greece and Rome—in Moorish Spain and in the Levant during the Crusades, Western Europe rediscovered its Greek heritage in the 1300s, and the Renaissance was born.
The eradication of that ancient scourge, smallpox, was led by a Westerner, Donald Henderson.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Western_culture   (1775 words)

  
 The Greatness of Western Civilization by Edwin A. Locke -- Capitalism Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Western culture, claim the intellectuals, is in no way superior to that of African tribalists or Eskimo seal hunters.
They assert that to deny the equality of all cultures is to be guilty of the most heinous of intellectual sins: "ethnocentrism." This is to flout the sacred principle of cultural relativism.
Pro-life cultures acknowledge and respect man's nature as a rational being who must discover and create the conditions which his survival and happiness require -- which means that they advocate reason, rights, freedom, and technological progress.
www.capmag.com /article.asp?ID=3234   (834 words)

  
 Western culture at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Western Culture is composed of a triad of influences: ancient Greek culture, ancient Roman culture and Christianity.
Furthermore, Western culture has been influenced by two general strains within Hellenic culture, the Ionian which is exemplified by Athens and their democracy and the Dorian which is represented by Sparta and their mixed government.
Western culture is unthinkable without the contribution of millions of monks who cleared land and made it arable, preserved the classics and spent countless hours copying manuscripts, civilizing and Christianizing huge swaths of peoples, and preserved Roman law and classical culture.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Western_culture.html   (1293 words)

  
 Western culture: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Romanitas is the culture of the roman empire....
The renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern...
Dead white males is a term used to deride the emphasis on western civilization in schools (especially those in the united states), as the majority of figures considered...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/w/we/western_culture.htm   (6160 words)

  
 Western Culture, Opera, and Cultural Marxism by Steven LaTulippe
The vilification of men, the trashing of Western Civilization, and the monotonous victimization of various non-Western groups is a given.
The cultural milieu of that period was far better, from the perspective of the typical non-self-hating Westerner, than the fare produced today.
I was of the general opinion that the undeniable cesspool that has become our contemporary culture had its roots in the chaos of the 1960’s and counterculture/anti-Vietnam war movements of that era.
www.lewrockwell.com /orig4/latulippe2.html   (1175 words)

  
 Chronicles' H.A. Scott Trask reviews CARNAGE AND CULTURE by Victor Davis Hanson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Western cultural matrix of rationalism, free inquiry, the dissemination of knowledge, free markets, capitalism, private property, the sanctity of contracts, the freedom to profit, and the rule of law created an environment in which scientific discovery, application, and continual innovation were encouraged and rewarded.
Islamic culture would have enriched Western life with forced religious conversions, the harem, and the wonderful institution of devshirme, under which the Turks kidnapped Christian youth from their conquered Balkan subjects, enslaved them for life, forcibly converted them to Islam, and then trained them to staff the army and bureaucracy of the Ottoman Empire.
Carnage and Culture errs in totally dismissing the ethnic dimension in military history and insisting on a determinism that is purely cultural.
www.chroniclesmagazine.org /Chronicles/February2002/0202Hanson.htm   (2482 words)

  
 America's Debate -> What is Western Culture?
Western History can be traced back to Hellenism, the expansion of GREEK culture throughout the Mediterranean, Egypt and the Middle East up to about 240 BCE (by which time Rome supplanted Hellenic institutions in most of these areas.
Western culture is not JUST american culture, but usually means "first world" european cultures, and to some degree, eastern european cultures.
The bottom line, then, is that recognizable Western culture is the result of a number of factors coming together less than a thousand years ago (even though some of those factors were much older).
www.americasdebate.com /forums/index.php?showtopic=5530   (2498 words)

  
 TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-What Makes Western Culture Unique?-Vol 2 No 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Individual consent to marriage, a characteristic of Western marriage since the Middle Ages, is expected to result in individuals weighing more heavily the personal characteristics of a prospective mate.  One effect of this is greater age parity in marriage partners.
This culture area is quite the opposite from the characteristics of Western social organization.  As indicated in Table 1, Judaism is collectivist and highly prone to ethnocentrism, xenophobia, and moral particularism.
Western societies have traditions of individualistic humanism, which make immigration restriction difficult.  In the nineteenth century, for example, the Supreme Court twice turned down Chinese exclusion acts on the basis that they legislated against a group, not an individual.
www.theoccidentalquarterly.com /vol2no2/km-unique.html   (4944 words)

  
 Western culture in TutorGig Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Western world is a group of countries and cultures of which the composition depends on the definition used.
In this definition, Western culture is the set of literary, musical, philosophical and other traditions from Western Europe and countries whose history is strongly marked by Western European immigration or settlement.
The origins of Western Culture are often cited as ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, and Catholic and Protestant Christianity, and as such, some describe it the " Judeo-Christian culture".
www.tutorgig.com /ed/Western_culture   (704 words)

  
 Is Western Culture Superior To All Others?
To prove his point, Berliner cited how Western culture has brought forth the world's greatest technologies (e.g., computers, air conditioning, videotape) by which the quality of a culture should be judged.
Berliner's cultural rating system and some of his supporting facts were challenged by a few of the 150-plus individuals in attendance.
Westerners are people of science, driven by individualism while Native Americans are people of myth (defined as "truths"), driven by communal beliefs.
www.scu.edu /ethics/publications/iie/v6n1/columbus.html   (617 words)

  
 Separatism and Western Canadian Culture
It is a subject some hesitate to confront for fear of being labelled a "bigot," but the fact remains that the federal government’s policies of compulsory bilingualism at once superimpose upon Western Canada an unnatural cultural framework, and rob Westerners of the resources that would have gone to build the natural culture of Western Canada.
This culture is based in our history as an oppressed people, and finds its roots in our strong, democratic ideology of populism, a political culture perspective not shared by Central Canadian imperialists.
Western Canadian culture was born of the collective strengths of our pioneering forefathers.
www.westcan.org /westcan/culture.htm   (1650 words)

  
 20th WCP: Logic and Law in Russian and Western Culture
It is, first of all, to compare those texts of Russian and Western thinkers where the relations between Logic and Law are discussed, and especially to show both the differences and the agreements in their understanding of this connection.
The logic-based Trivium fulfilled a definitive role with regard to the Western System of Education and, as a result, to the complex consequences that formed the whole of Culture.
He wrote, that "since Aristotle, the Western world has followed the logical principles of Aristotelian philosophy", that axioms of Aristotelian Logic have deeply imbued Western habits of thought, that in the end "the Aristotelian standpoint led to dogma and science, to the Catholic Church, and to the discovery of atomic energy".
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Law/LawSori.htm   (3329 words)

  
 Closing time? Jacques Barzun on Western Culture
Barzun's overview of the last five-hundred years of Western cultural history, is a magnificent summa of his concerns as a thinker and historian.
One is to exhibit the sheer richness of that cultural explosion we summarize in two words as "the West." The picture of the West promulgated by its enemies — "a solid block having but one meaning" — cannot survive scrutiny.
A staunch defender of the values of high culture, The New Criterion is also an articulate scourge of artistic mediocrity and intellectual mendacity wherever they are found: in the universities, the art galleries, the media, the concert halls, the theater, and elsewhere.
www.catholiceducation.org /articles/civilization/cc0084.html   (4077 words)

  
 Understanding Lao Culture
Despite this fact, Westerners are often frustrated and culturally shocked by the extent of the differences.
Westerners are accustomed to a wide circle of friends who change over time.
Lao people believe Westerners are obsessed with scheduling every minute of the work day, as for example, in the billing systems of Western lawyers where even a 5 minute phone call with a client is recorded and billed.
www.seasite.niu.edu /lao/undp/understandingCulture.htm   (4251 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Carnage and Culture : Landmark Battles in the Rise to Western Power: Books: Victor Hanson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
He argues that Western success on the battlefield is a cultural phenomenon, not just the result of good fortune in the allocation of resources or the serendipity of technology.
Hanson asserts that other cultures emphasize deception, maneuver, indirect conflict, setting up symbolic fights but the western model is an overwhelming direct assault aimed at achieving decisive victory as quickly as possible and assuming that short term violence actually saves lives in the long run.
Western ideas of citizenship that date to the Greek states, along with the Western idea of dissent and triumph of capitalism, have created a societies that are often technologically superior and are able to employ decisive shock warfare.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0385720386?v=glance   (2728 words)

  
 A Catholic Lay-Driven Re-evangelization of Western Culture - Catholic Online
It is apparent that the project of re-evangelizing the West is a multifaceted one which requires recognizing that Western civilization has gone virulently neo-pagan in direct opposition to orthodox Catholic teaching and the authentic Gospel message of Christ.
Western Culture is in the process of rapidly imploding.
This means being committed to engage in Worldview clash, the waging of a culture war in which multiple different disciplines will need to be represented and integrated so as to formulate and hone the very best data and apologetics arguments in favor of the superiority of orthodox Catholicism.
www.catholic.org /featured/headline.php?ID=2993   (3278 words)

  
 Native American Sacred Traditions and Western Culture
Westerners confronting the limitations of our own dualistic culture regarding gender, often rush to appropriate Native "two-spirit" traditions ("berdache", etc) as examples of the acceptance and affirmation we long for in our own culture.
Because Western culture can be so oppressive, it is easy to rush towards other cultural traditions which appear more enlightened.
It is important to respect the fact that Native and Western cultural presuppositions differ so drastically that we need an altogether different term for those of us who would claim a similar sacred role (as othergendered -- i.e.
www.angelfire.com /on/otherwise/native.html   (1499 words)

  
 eBay - western culture, Textbooks, Education, Nonfiction Books items on eBay.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Mathematics in Western Culture by Morris Kline 1960
Religion and the Rise of Western Culture by Christop...
The Culture of Western Europe: The Nineteenth and Tw...
search-desc.ebay.com /search/search.dll?query=western+culture&...&krd=1   (470 words)

  
 The Acorn » Is western culture superior?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Diplomad, a blog run by United States Foreign Service officers, makes two contentions here: that western civilisation (or western culture) is superior based on all objective measures of success, and those non-Western countries that are exceptions to this have actually joined the West.
Claims to civilisational superiority are like claims to cultural, religious or racial supremacy — not just politically incorrect, but manifestations of bigotry born out of insufficient understanding and awareness of the larger world.
There is a lot that is admirable about American culture and civilisation, and to their credit, the leaders of the United States have been able to translate this into global power; but its pole position is not guaranteed in perpetuity.
opinion.paifamily.com /index.php?p=1190#comment-3391   (559 words)

  
 Cultural Resources, Inc. -- Creators of Culture® 4.0
Culture®4.0: The Contextual Guide and Internet Index to Western Civilization, an interdisciplinary, contextual and multimedia guide to Western civilization on CD-ROM organizes more than 3800 years of Western culture and is the culmination of over two decades of research by
Knowing how these disciplines influenced and were influenced by the religious, social, historical, scientific, etc., currents of the time adds a greater awareness and appreciation of an era.
The structure of the knowledge base (interdisciplinary overviews of generations that in turn comprise historical eras) encourages recurrent exploration of diverse influences in order to understand "the big picture" and acquire contextual cultural literacy.
www.culturalresources.com /#maps   (644 words)

  
 Computers, Telecommunications and Western Culture
It is, first of all, a culture in which the belief in the ultimate value of the human individual, the belief that individuals are the ultimate sources of truth, value and political authority, is a dominant and pervasive cultural theme.
For cultures less tied to individualism than the West, or more interested in preserving a heritage, this in itself can be a formidable problem and is the beginning of what we mean when we say that in cultural terms technology is value.
Finally, to our Western colleagues we would urge a much greater awareness than has been shown to date of the ways in which their own most valued, most obvious and most unconscious assumptions mark them--and of the ways in which those assumptions can prevent others from being who they are.
www.hoboes.com /html/NetLife/CRIT/CWC.html   (2271 words)

  
 H-SC Academic Catalogue - Western Culture Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Western Culture course is a three—semester sequence that introduces all Hampden-Sydney students to the history and cultural achievements of western civilization, from its roots in the early civilizations of the Middle East to the present day.
The course is grounded in a consideration of both historical sequence and significant historical and cultural questions; it examines a variety of texts—literary, philosophic, theological, artistic—placed clearly in historical context.
BEGINNING TO 900 C.E. Common topics and events are civilization in the Fertile Crescent, the rise of Athens and democracy, the Roman Empire and its aftermath, Hebrew culture, and the rise of Christianity.
www.hsc.edu /academics/catalogue/course/western_culture.html   (295 words)

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