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Topic: Western philosophy

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  Western philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philosophy of mind: the philosophical study of the nature of the mind, and its relation to the body and the rest of the world.
Philosophy of psychology: the study of some fundamental questions about the methods and concepts of psychology and psychiatry, such as the meaningfulness of Freudian concepts; this is sometimes treated as including philosophy of mind.
Philosophy of religion: the study of the meaning of the concept of God and of the rationality or otherwise of belief in the existence of God.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Western_philosophy   (2652 words)

 Philosophy - MSN Encarta
Philosophy is often divided into four main branches: metaphysics, the investigation of ultimate reality; epistemology, the study of the origins, validity, and limits of knowledge; ethics, the study of the nature of morality and judgment; and aesthetics, the study of the nature of beauty in the fine arts.
The term philosophy is often used popularly to mean a set of basic values and attitudes toward life, nature, and society—thus the phrase “philosophy of life.” Because the lines of distinction between the various areas of knowledge are flexible and subject to change, the definition of the term philosophy remains a subject of controversy.
Western philosophy is generally considered to have begun in ancient Greece as speculation about the underlying nature of the physical world.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761574677/Philosophy_Western.html   (819 words)

 Western Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Philosophy of mind : the philosophical study of the nature the mind and its relation to the body and the rest of the world.
Philosophy of psychology : the study of some fundamental questions the methods and concepts of psychology and such as the meaningfulness of Freudian concepts; this is sometimes treated as philosophy of mind.
Philosophy of religion : the study of the meaning of concept of God and of the rationality or otherwise belief in the existence of God.
www.freeglossary.com /Western_philosophy   (2241 words)

 History of Western Philosophy (Russell) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A History of Western Philosophy And Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (1945) by the philosopher Bertrand Russell is a guide to Western philosophy from the pre-Socratic philosophers to the early 20th century.
When Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950, the History of Western Philosophy was cited as one of the books that had caused the prize to be awarded to him, and was quoted twice in the presentation speech.
This rejection of Idealism was a longstanding one - in An Outline of Philosophy (1927) Russell describes Kant as "a mere misfortune", and My Philosophical Development (1959) describes his early rebellion alongside G.E. Moore against the Kantian and Hegelian philosophy that dominated the University of Cambridge and English-speaking philosophers in the late nineteenth century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Western_Philosophy_(Russell)   (1420 words)

 Western Philosophy
Western philosophy from Greek antiquity to modern times is surveyed in the remainder of this article.
The Platonic philosophy was combined with the Christian concept of a personal God who created the world and predestined its course, and with the doctrine of the fall of humanity, requiring the divine incarnation in Christ.
The truths of natural science and philosophy are discovered by reasoning from facts of experience, whereas the tenets of revealed religion, the doctrine of the Trinity, the creation of the world, and other articles of Christian dogma are beyond rational comprehension, although not inconsistent with reason, and must be accepted on faith.
www.ron-turner.com /westernphilosophy.html   (9267 words)

 Western Philosophy
The problem with large books, as most books on Western philosophy are, is that you cannot see the wood for the trees.
In every science, there are assumptions, analysis and conclusions.  The author shows that the subject matter of Western philosophy, the conclusions, are similar to the assumptions, and that if one cuts out all unnecessary paperwork, Western philosophy is easily understandable by everyone.
The roots of all Western philosophy came from India and then two gentlemen, by the names of Socrates and Plato, became famous as the greatest or perhaps nearly greatest Western philosophers of all time. ; The author discusses their work, again in brief.
www.lovingheartcentre.net /WesternPhilosophy.htm   (243 words)

 Amazon.fr : A History of Western Philosophy: The Twentieth Century to Quine and Derrida: Livres: W. T. Jones,Robert J. ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This series is a very strong, thorough introduction to the course of Western Philosophy, beginning at the dawn of the philosophical enterprise with the pre-Socratics in ancient Greece to the modern thinkers such as Wittgenstein and Sartre.
Philosophy is a slow-moving enterprise, and the 'hot' publications and thinkers today may fade quickly tomorrow, so predicting who will stand the test of time is difficult.
Wittgenstein is also an appropriate philosopher to end with, given that when he wrote his magnum opus, the Tractatus, he thought he had finally resolved all major philosophical problems; reflecting later in life, he realised he was not correct, and this in and of itself may represent the embodiment of the philosophical project.
www.amazon.fr /History-Western-Philosophy-Twentieth-Derrida/dp/0155003798   (916 words)

The reason of this preference is to comprehend the difference between philosophy as it was understood in their period, and as it is most often understood today, at least in USA/Britain and in counties under their “control”.
The other reason is that every philosophy is ultimately a way of life and every way of life implies some philosophy, for after all, philosophy is nothing more or less than the effort to think as clearly, as rigorously, as coherently and as effectively as we can about the matters most important to us.
Philosophy of Mathematics (The Bertrand Russell Archives at McMaster University)
www.personal.kent.edu /~rmuhamma/Philosophy/philosophy.html   (1425 words)

 Recommended Reading - Western Philosophy
It looks at philosophy as a means of enquiry into problems of life, and the book is broken down according to the various domains of philsophical method: metaphilosophy, epistemology, theory of value and metaphysics.
There is a dictionary of terms used throughout the writings of Western Philosophers; a History, highlighting the key philosophers and theories from the time of the pre-Socratic Greeks; an index of major philosophers, with biographical details and summary of their ideas; a guide to studying, reading and writing (papers and essays) and a 'timeline'.
A retired philosophy lecturer and author, Jonathon Bennett, is in the process of performing the most tremendous service to lovers of philosophy everywhere - that of rendering a number of classics of philosophy into comprehensible, modern language (without changing the essence).
www.advaita.org.uk /reading/western.htm   (1970 words)

 Western Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
History of Western Philosophy This site chronicles the development of philosophy, from its roots in Greek culture to "new world order" of the 20th century and existential philosophy.
Philosophy Pages A list of the major philosophers in Western Philosophy, Thomas Aquinas, René Descartes, and Søren Aabye Kierkegaard for example.
History of Contemporary Western Philosophy Concentrates on the later contributors to historic Western Philosophy, such as John Locke, David Hume, and René Descartes.
library.marist.edu /diglib/philosophy-rel-studies/phil_western.htm   (144 words)

 Luther College Philosophy - Courses
An introduction to basic questions in philosophy concerning God, the nature of reality, knowledge and truth, human nature, morality, and the individual in society, together with the range of arguments and answers that philosophers have developed in response to them.
Prerequisite: one course in philosophy, or consent of instructor.
Primary focus will be on the formation of scientific philosophies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and upon the synthesis of these views in Kant's philosophy.
philosophy.luther.edu /Courses.htm   (924 words)

 Nondual Perspectives: Non-dualism and Western Philosophers, by Greg Goode, Ph.D.
Eastern philosophies have been accomplishing this for thousands of years, as each generation discovers anew the great non-dualist philosophers and sages such as the Buddha, Nagarjuna, Gaudapada, Shankara, Hui Neng, Sengtsan, Shinran Shonin, Dogen, Yunmen, or in our own times, the crystal-clear dialectics of Krishna Menon and the soft-spoken ideas of Shunryu Suzuki.
In using the Western philosophical method, we are employing a medication that comes from the same part of the world as the disease.
Merrell-Wolff's philosophy is tersely outlined in his 56 Aphorisms on Consciousness-Without-An-Object, the complete text of which can be found at the Integral Science website devoted to him along with detailed information about the man and his work.
nonduality.com /western.htm   (2750 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: History of Western Philosophy (Routledge Classics S.): Books: Bertrand Russell   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
As a student of philosophy I can't stress enough the help this book has given me. As my understanding of philosophy increases, it has become more apparent that philosophers and their theories are interconnected in many ways.
Due to the nature and great expanse of philosophy, it is no doubt impossible to fit every detail into this book as Russell explains, and that is why some of the chapters are explained or mentioned to how Russell sees them worthy and their effect or change on western thought.
After the lucid introduction, which poses the ubiquitous question, whether philosophy is the supreme manifestation of wisdom, or merely the "ultimate refinement of folly", Russell enters into a superb excavation and analysis of thinkers from Thales to the formal logicians of his own day.
www.amazon.co.uk /History-Western-Philosophy-Routledge-Classics/dp/0415325056   (1836 words)

 Western Philosophy
The main branches of Philosophy are Logic, Epistemology, Ontology and Ethics.
In philosophy, the Renaissance refers to the period of the break-up of feudalism (15th to early 17th century), when trade grew up around the merchants and craftspeople of Northern Italy particularly, and a bourgeois society began to flourish and gave rise to a humanist culture in opposition to the official scholasticism.
British philosophy had its beginnings in the relatively open social conditions of pre-Revolutionary England with the British Empiricists Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes and during the period of the Restoration, John Locke.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/help/collect.htm   (2071 words)

 introduction, western philosophy, Socrates, Descartes, Wittgenstein, thinking, wisdom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The history of western philosophy is marked by three revolutions in thought.
Wittgenstein's philosophy is unusual in that his first major work, called the "Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus", published in 1921, was a central vehicle in the view that philosophical problems were based on a misuse of language; and that a careful logical analysis would clarify the meaning of these issues.
Then, Wittgenstein's second book, the "Philosophical Investigations", published in 1953 (two years after his death) was an attack on his previous work and proposed a new type of linguistic analysis, which proposed that a sentence is understood not by itself, but only in the context of its use.
www.philosophyclass.com /introduction.htm   (503 words)

 Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Philosophy is the structured method by which one uses reason and linear logic to arrive at an understanding of the nature of things.
Philosophia means "lover of wisdom", and originally Philosophy was the Jnanan Yoga or Knowledge Path to Enlightenment of the West.
Yet when we look at the history of Western Philosophy we see it represents a long march from wisdom tradition to secular intellectualism.
www.kheper.net /topics/philosophy/philosophy.htm   (372 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: A History of Western Philosophy: Books: Bertrand Russell   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This comprehensive work presents the history of Western philosophy in its social, economic and political context, enlivened by Bertrand Russell's profound and lucid insight and wit.
I would therefore recommend this more as a reference book for those who have studied at least a little philosophy, so that Russell's more ridiculous claims can be safely skipped and his arguments rated against those who have interpreted the philosophers in question more favourably.
If you want a bland history of Philosophy, read an encyclopedic entry knocked off by a professional writer; if you want a perspective on Philosophy from one of the great intellects of the 20th Century and can accommodate a perspective which may differ from your own --read Russell and be enriched.
www.amazon.co.uk /History-Western-Philosophy-Bertrand-Russell/dp/0415078547   (1096 words)

 Amazon.ca: History of Western Philosophy: Books: Bertrand Arthur Russell   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
If you have ever wanted to know what philosophy was all about, whether a novice or simply a victim of an "Intro to Philosophy" course at college, this is the only book you will ever need.
In fact, it is an indepedant study I took in high school based off of this and photocopies of primary sources that made it possible for me to stay afloat in a graduate course on Hegel at the University of Chicago my first year.
Even his treatment of Analytic Philosophy ended with Whitehead, who was important in the very early part of the Century.
www.amazon.ca /History-Western-Philosophy-Bertrand-Russell/dp/0415325056   (1702 words)

 Philosophy Department
Columbia's Philosophy Department has had an illustrious past with figures ranging from John Dewey and Ernest Nagel to Isaac Levi, Arthur Danto, and Sidney Morgenbesser shaping its interests and methods in the discipline.
At present it is distinguished by its ecumenical ethos, with advanced research being pursued in the wide swath of subjects in analytical philosophy as well as in the history of Western Philosophy -- British, American, and from the European continent.
Given its distinguished pragmatist heritage, the department - unsurprisingly - does not think of the subject of philosophy as a merely self-standing discipline, but as being continuous with other disciplines (logic, mathematics, physics, biology, psychology and economics on the one hand, and history, literature, law, political science, art, and music on the other).
www.columbia.edu /cu/philosophy   (173 words)

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