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Topic: Whig

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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  Whig Party - LoveToKnow 1911
WHIG PARTY, in America, a political party prominent from about 1824 to 1854.1 The first national party system of the United States came to an end during the second war with Great Britain.
The activity of the Whig party, reckoned from the election of 1824, when its organization began, to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise in 1854, covers thirty years.
In 1844 Clay was again the Whig candidate, and the annexation of Texas, involving the risk of a war with Mexico, was the leading issue.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Whig_Party   (1099 words)

  Whig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The formal name of the Whigs was originally the Country Party (as opposed to the Tories, the Court Party); this was changed in the 19th Century to the Liberal Party (and the Tories to the Conservative Party).
The Whigs were those who supported the exclusion of James II and VII from the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland (the "Petitioners") and the Tories were those who opposed it (the Abhorrers).
The Whig view led to serious distortions in later views of 17th century history, as Macaulay and his followers attempted to fit the complex factional politics of the Restoration into the neat categories of early 19th century political divisions.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Whig   (1524 words)

The Whigs, though their leadership was aristocratic, were also the party of the new financial and mercantile interests who would profit, in the early eighteenth century, from the wars against France; just as the Tories represented the old landed interests who, because they were taxed to support the same wars, opposed them.
The Whigs were adherents of the Hanoverians when that dynasty succeeded to the throne, and in fact reigned supreme from 1714 until 1760.
In later years the Whigs were identified, too, with the Low Church or Evangelical faction of the Church of England.
www.victorianweb.org /history/Whig.html   (584 words)

 Whig Party (United States) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Whig Party was a political party of the United States from 1834 to 1860, formed to oppose the policies of President Andrew Jackson, a Democrat, and in particular supporting the supremacy of Congress over the Executive Branch and favoring a program of modernization and economic development.
The Whigs, both northern and southern, strongly opposed the war with Mexico, which many (including Whig Congressman Abraham Lincoln) saw as an unprincipled land grab, but they were split (as were the Democrats) by the anti-slavery Wilmot Proviso of 1846.
Whig Representative Lewis Campbell of Ohio was particularly distraught by the defeat, exclaiming, "We are slayed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_Whig_Party   (1691 words)

The term Whig originates from the Exclusion Bill[?] crisis of 1678-1681 - the Whigs were those who supported the exclusion of James VII and II from the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland (the "Petitioners") and the Tories were those who opposed it (the Abhorrers).
In the early Hanoverian period, the Whigs became the dominant party of government, due to the Tories' association with Jacobitism.
The dangerous flirtation of the Whigs (and their leader, Charles James Fox) with Jacobinism in the early years of the French Revolution, as well as their strong support for Catholic emancipation, left them largely out of power for the period between 1783 and 1830.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/wh/Whig.html   (582 words)

 Whig: Just the facts...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While the Whigs (along with the Tories (additional info and facts about Tories)) are often described as one of the two political parties in late 17th to mid 19th century Great Britain (An island comprising England and Scotland and Wales), it is more accurate to describe them as loose political groupings or tendencies.
The Whigs now moved into opposition, and particularly decried the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht (additional info and facts about Treaty of Utrecht), which they attempted to block through their majority in the House of Lords (The upper house of the British parliament), until Anne forced it through by creating new Tory peers.
The opposition Whigs were split, however, by the onset of the French Revolution (The revolution in France against the Bourbons; 1789-1799).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/w/wh/whig.htm   (1246 words)

 Encyclopedia: United States Whig Party   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In 1839, the Whigs held their first national convention, giving the nod to Harrison, who was elected president next year, largely as a result of the Panic of 1837 and subsequent depression.
By 1844 the Whigs were beginning to recover from their disaster of two years earlier and nominated Henry Clay, who lost to Democrat James K. Polk in a closely contested race, with Polk's policy of western expansion (particularly the annexation of Texas) and free trade triumphing over Clay's protectionism and caution over the Texas question.
The Whig Party was a political party of the United States created in order to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson, and which named itself by analogy with the British Whigs, who had opposed the power of the King in Restoration England.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/United-States-Whig-Party   (3862 words)

 White House Iraq Group - SourceWatch
The White House Iraq Group (aka, White House Information Group or WHIG) was the marketing arm of the White House whose purpose was to sell the 2003 invasion of Iraq to the public.
The escalation of nuclear rhetoric a year ago, including the introduction of the term "mushroom cloud" into the debate, coincided with the formation of a White House Iraq Group, or WHIG, a task force assigned to "educate the public" about the threat from Saddam Hussein, as a participant put it.
Is the White House Iraq Group (WHIG) the key piece of connective tissue for connecting the Rove/Plame story to the Downing Street Memo?" True Blue Liberal, July 12, 2005.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=White_House_Iraq_Group   (1970 words)

 t r u t h o u t - Frank Rich: It's Bush-Cheney, Not Rove-Libby
On July 23, 2002 - a week or two before WHIG first convened in earnest - a British official told his peers, as recorded in the now famous Downing Street memo, that the Bush administration was ensuring that "the intelligence and facts" about Iraq's W.M.D.'s "were being fixed around the policy" of going to war.
Throughout those crucial seven months between the creation of WHIG and the start of the American invasion of Iraq, there were indications that evidence of a Saddam nuclear program was fraudulent or nonexistent.
He was a dagger aimed at the heart of WHIG and its disinformation campaign.
www.truthout.org /docs_2005/101605Z.shtml   (1608 words)

 whig historu
The Whig historian is not a card-carrying member of a specific school of history, but the victim of name-calling.
The word ‘Whig’ has its origins (in the seventeenth century) as a term of abuse against political opponents, and has become a convenient label for one historian to attach to another as a mark of disdain.
In the second place, Whig historians were prone to categorising their historical characters as those who favoured progress (the winners) and those (the losers) who did not.
www.history-ontheweb.co.uk /concepts/whighistory53.htm   (1061 words)

 Whig. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It was applied (c.1679) to the English opponents of the succession of the Roman Catholic duke of York (later James II), a group led by the 1st earl of Shaftesbury.
The disgrace of Anne’s Tory ministers who negotiated for the return of James II on her death, and the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745 stigmatized the Tories as supporters of absolute monarchy, and the Whig ministries of Robert Walpole and Henry Pelham dominated the period.
Whig ministries under the 2d Earl Grey and Lord Melbourne were in power from 1830 to 1841, passing the first parliamentary reform bill.
www.bartleby.com /65/wh/Whig.html   (359 words)

 HES: EDITORIAL -- Whig H of E is Dead -- Now What?
A Whig history is based on a decision by the historian about which of several competing viewpoints of those ideas is "victorious." (I think Ross means to say "better.") In his view, the historian should be free to choose which standards or modes of argumentative logic he/she will use.
The Whig historian claims that there is one correct standard or mode of argumentation that must be used in making reconstructions.
Ross does not call the Whig historian "arrogant" but to do so would be consistent with his line of argument.
www.eh.net /pipermail/hes/1996-November/004861.html   (914 words)

 Reader's Companion to American History - -WHIG PARTY   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Whig party was founded by individuals united only in their antagonism to Jackson's war on the Second Bank of the United States and his high-handed measures in waging that war and ignoring Supreme Court decisions, the Constitution, and Indian rights embodied in federal treaties.
In Congress, Whigs supported the Second Bank of the United States, a high tariff, distribution of land revenues to the states, relief legislation to mitigate the effects of the great depression that followed the financial panics of 1837 and 1839, and federal reapportionment of House seats (a "reform" likely to enlarge Whig representation in Congress).
Whig and Democratic leaders were strikingly similar in such significant characteristics as wealth, occupational prestige, a fundamentally conservative social ideology, materialism, and opportunism.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_091900_whigparty.htm   (1098 words)

 Whig and Tory   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Originally “Whig” and “Tory”; were terms of abuse introduced in 1679 during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, Duke of York (afterward James II.
The death of Anne in 1714, the manner in which George I. came to the throne as a nominee of the Whigs, and the flight (1715) of the Tory leader Henry St. John (1678-1751), 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, to France, conspired to destroy the political power of the Tories as a party.
In opposition, a revived Whig Party, led by Charles James Fox (1749-1806), came to represent the interests of religious dissenters, industrialists, and others who sought electoral, parliamentary, and philanthropic reforms.
www.hfac.uh.edu /gbrown/philosophers/leibniz/BritannicaPages/WhigTory/WhigTory.html   (591 words)

 Whig party. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In the 1836 presidential election the Whigs were not unified or strong enough to join behind a single presidential candidate; instead several Whig candidates ran for office.
This move temporarily prevented a division of the party, and although Taylor died while Clay was formulating the Compromise of 1850 in Congress, Millard Fillmore, his Vice President and presidential successor, kept the faith of the Whig party.
By the time Fillmore had succeeded to the presidency, the disintegration of the party was already manifest; in 1848 several important Whigs joined the new Free-Soil party, along with the abolitionists.
www.bartleby.com /65/wh/Whigpart.html   (814 words)

 Whig interpretation of history   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The term Whig is actually a pejorative name user to refer to the British Whigs, who supported the power of Parliament by their Tory opponents who were usual supporters of the King and the Aristocracy in a long drawn out ideological contest principally played out in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The Whigs felt that this form constitutional monarchy was allied to political liberty allowing the constitutional subjects of the Monarch, who were also subject to Parliamentary laws, many opportunities for a progressive life.
Whig History for Butterfield, was a flawed history of progressive "liberal and democratic" heroes who had won concessions in the teeth of opposition from a variety of conservative and absolutist forces and individuals.
www.age-of-the-sage.org /philosophy/history/whig_interpretation_history.html   (703 words)

Whig is from Whiggam-more, a corruption of Ugham-more (pack-saddle thieves), from the Celtic ugham (a pack-saddle).
From the word whiggam, used in driving their horses, all that drove were called the whiggamors, contracted into whigs.
Now, in the year before the news came down of Duke Hamilton's defeat, the ministers animated their people to rise and march to Edinburgh; and they came up, marching on the head of their parishes, with an unheard-of fury, praying and preaching all the way as they came.
www.websters-dictionary-online.org /definition/english/Wh/Whig.html   (1039 words)

 The Historian: The Whig Party versus the "spoilsmen" of Tennes... @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Whigs also advocated the abrogation of the presidential veto, which subjected the acts of the people's representatives to "the arbitrary will of one man." They supported a law to prevent federal officeholders from aiding party candidates or from "interfering" in elections.
Whigs also claimed majorities in the nortern half of Middle Tennessee, in the counties that ran along the rich soil of the Cumberland River basin and surrounded Nashville, the state's political and commercial capital.
Whigs agreed that government actions must abide by the federal Constitution; in fact, they maintained that their opposition to the enhancement of presidential power proved that they were more loyal to the document than were their opponents.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:16541101&refid=holomed_1   (4000 words)

 WHIG Launch a Success — Work and Health Information Gateway
The WHIG site was launched on the 16th November with an all round successful event.
WHIG provides a forum for them to present the information they have and then discuss and develop it further.
People were keen to know that the WHIG is a continuing service, not just a one-off project and that development of both the site's resources and its functionality will be ongoing.
www.whig.org.uk /groups/sohas/events/whig-launch/whig-launch   (903 words)

 Whig Party --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Whig Party was formally organized in 1834, bringing together a loose coalition of groups united in their opposition to what party members viewed as the executive tyranny of “King Andrew” Jackson.
Originally “Whig” and “Tory”; were terms of abuse introduced in 1679 during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, duke of York (afterward James II), from the succession.
His opponents, the Whigs, believed that he was ready to destroy the liberties of the English people.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9076767   (801 words)

 What is a "Whig"?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It is not possible to understand the historical development of the Whig party and the Whig ideology unless we recall the "mistake" made by King Henry VIII after he confiscated the monastic properties in England in the 1530s.
Instead of returning the landed property to the Benedictines, to whom it rightfully belonged, or keeping the properties as land to be rented from the Crown, Henry distributed the property to a large number of elite families that supported his takeover of the monastic lands.
The real period of crystallization for the Whig movement was the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688, when the oligarchy of big land-owning nobles and the merchant and finance class of London, united against the Catholic king of the Stuart dynasty, James II.
www.sspx.ca /Angelus/2003_April/What_Is_Whig.htm   (544 words)

 Whig-Cliosophic Society, The American,
The American Whig Society was born on June 24, 1769, and the Cliosophic Society on June 7, 1770.
Whig and Clio, like similar literary societies at other American colleges, were the main focus of undergraduate life for much of the nineteenth century.
And, when Whig Hall was gutted by fire in November 1969, its speedy and strikingly innovative reconstruction testified to widespread and continuing support for one of the older organizations in the United States.
etcweb1.princeton.edu /CampusWWW/Companion/whig_cliosophic_society.html   (882 words)

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