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Topic: Wing-warping

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

 New Scientist Breaking News - Supersonic test plane uses 'wing warping'
So the brothers gambled that wing warping might be the key to making a manned aircraft controllable.
Nearly 100 years after the Wright brothers' first heavier-than-air powered flight, the US Air Force is testing an experimental plane that uses "wing warping", the steering and control technique that kept Orville Wright aloft in 1903.
New Scientist Breaking News - Supersonic test plane uses 'wing warping' /article.ns?id=dn2813   (573 words)

 NASA - NASA Wing-Warping Jet Flies to Oshkosh
Wing warping could become a tool for NASA and industry designers who seek the ultimate morphing airplane, with an airframe that can change shape to constantly seek desired flight parameters throughout a wide speed range.
Over time, hinged ailerons and rigid wings became the practical means of aircraft roll control, and wing-warping retired to museums.
Image to right: NASA's wing-warping research jets fill the skies at the Oshkosh air show. /news/highlights/aeroelastic_wing.html   (557 words)

 Curtiss-Wright Corporation - Wing Warping, Ailerons, and Litigation
To effect wing-warping, it was necessary to twist the aircraft's wings differentially; the trailing edge of the outer right wing twisted upward, the corresponding area of the left wing, downward.
A further addition to their patent, which would prove to be a problem to them in their later litigations, was that vertical rudder corrections were necessary during wing-warping.
White Wing was the first airplane in history to incorporate ailerons, followed shortly by Curtiss' June Bug and every airplane subsequently built by the AEA. /history/1909-1917.asp   (1510 words)

 Wing warping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wing morphing is a modern extension of wing warping in which the aerodynamic shape of the wing is modified under computer control.
Wing warping was an early system for controlling the roll of an aeroplane while flying.
Wing warping and wing morphing are also currently used to get extra control over an aircraft during difficult times such as in a storm. /wiki/Wing_warping   (362 words)

 Wing Warping
Wing warping consists of the twisting motion of the wings of an aircraft to produce lateral control.
Henry Farman was the first to use the aileron as an integral part of the wing structure in place of wing warping in 1908.
The young French engineer Robert Esnault-Pelterie replaced wing warping in 1904 with the aileron on a copy he made of a Wright glider. /essay/Dictionary/wing_warping/DI56.htm   (238 words)

 Wright Brothers' Wing Warping
The Wright brothers used wing warping for roll control on their 1901 and 1902 gliders and on the successful 1903 flyer.
The mechanics of wing warping is shown with the aircraft fixed in space.
This page contains an interactive Java applet which allows you to change the the amount of wing warping using a slider. /airplane/warp.html   (1063 words)

 Wright Brothers' Wing Warping
There are additional control wires at the rear of the wing which connect the wing tips to a pedal at the foot of the pilot.
At the bottom is a slider which lets you change the amount of deflection of the right wing tip or the left wing tip, as viewed from the front of the aircraft.
The tips of their wings could by twisted relative to the rest of the wing by a series of cables. /WWW/Wright/airplane/warp.html   (1063 words)

 K & W Model Airplanes Inc.
They are importing a series of twelve 1/5 scale models ranging from the 63-inch, 1909 Bleriot XI channel crosser, that uses wing warping, to the monstrous 94-inch, 1917 Bristol F2B biplane, and the soon to be available Spirit of St. Louis and 1903 Wright Flyer.
This model Scout seemed to be the perfect subject for electric conversion (E-con), with its ample size of 62.5inch wingspan, light wing loading, and expected good maneuverability.
The four wing panels were packaged separately with the ailerons installed in the upper panels. /KWPublicity-4.asp   (1063 words)

 Top Flite Red Box Zero Wing Construction Log
The Zero’s wing was sheeted with pre-joined 3/32 sheets from the original kit.
The retract unit location was determined by the fixed gear strut position and length from the wing plan’s front view.
With the right wing half still pinned over the plan, height under the left tip at the mains-par should be 6-5/8”. /tschwing/zerored/wing/winglog.htm   (569 words)

 Heinkel He 162 with forward swept wing (1/72)
There was problem with warping of wings over time (it took over six years to complete this model!), but after some rigorous bending this seems to have stopped finally.
Wings and the inner sides of the V-tail are RLM 82 Hellgrün (Hu.131) with diffuse spots of RLM 81.
Wings and tailplanes (for V-tail) were made of styrene sheet laminate. /~andres/models_he162fsw.html   (901 words)

 The Wright Patent Battles
wing warping, as well as the entire system that allowed the aircraft to be controlled in forward flight.
The first powered aircraft built by the AEA was called the Red Wing, after the color of its silk fabric wings.
The Red Wing crashed into frozen Keuka Lake after flying 120 feet on March 17, 1908, wrecking it beyond all repair. /essay/Wright_Bros/Patent_Battles/WR12.htm   (1563 words)

 Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
Three days later, in a letter to Baldwin, Bell came up with the idea of “moveable wing tips,” to achieve what the Wrights had pioneered with wing warping, and he suggested they be controlled by cross wires worked by the pilot.
The AEA was dissolved at the end of March but, buoyed by its feats, Bell, Baldwin, and McCurdy soon founded the Canadian Aerodrome Company at Baddeck to make airplanes for the military.
The AEA entered its third craft, the June Bug, in a competition on 4 July sponsored by Scientific American for the first public flight over a kilometre-long course. /EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=42027   (8591 words)

 Chapter 1
Bell pointed out that warping the wings in different ways created a drag between the wings and required corrective rudder action while the ailerons avoided this complication.
On March 12, 1908 with the public in attendance the Red Wing flew for 30 meters at an altitude of 3 meters before the tail strut buckled and Casey was forced to land.
It was called the Red Wing because of the red silk used to cover the wings. /rv/bell2.html   (8591 words)

 Glenn Curtiss House--Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
This was followed two months later by the White Wing, which employed Bell-contrived ailerons for lateral control, a system that was superior to the wing warping used by the Wright Brothers.
The AEA designed and built several airplanes, including the Red Wing which first flew on March 12, 1908.
Although setting records for motorcycle racing, his company also drew the attention of aeronautical experimenters--in July 1904 Thomas Scott Baldwin used a Curtiss two-cylinder engine to power the first successful dirigible to fly in the United States, the California Arrow. /nr/travel/aviation/gle.htm   (8591 words)

The plane was the first to be controlled by ailerons instead of the wing warping used by the Wright brothers and the first plane with wheeled landing gear in America.
The first biplane was named the Red Wing because of the red silk covering its wings.
The AEA, composed of Bell as mentor, Douglas McCurdy, Frederick Baldwin, Lt. Thomas Selfridge, and Glenn Curtiss, went on to build aircraft as a team and test and perfect each other's theories and methods for improving flight performance. /century-of-flight/racing/PILOTS/Curtiss.htm   (8591 words)

 Celebrating The Success Of The Wright Brothers & The Invention of the Airplane
For a second Johnstone attempted to right the plane by warping the other wing tip.
As he started the second circle the middle strut, which braces the left side of the lower wing, gave way and the wing tips of both upper and lower wings folded up as though they had been hinged.
With his wings tilted at an angle of almost 90 degrees, he swooped down in a narrow circle, the aeroplane seeming to turn almost in its own length. /contemporaries.html   (8591 words)

 Flight Laboratory - The University of Montana-Missoula
As the Wright brothers are thought to have discovered the principle of wing-warping as a means of roll control by watching vultures soar, it isn't surprising, conversely, that descriptions of bird maneuvering have been based traditionally on the principles of the steady-state (i.e.
Film and video evidence suggests that this traditional view is appropriate for birds in gliding flight; that is, to initiate a bank, gliding birds will pronate the inside wing, reducing its angle of attack, and increase the angle of attack of the outside wing by supinating it.
While this method is thought to be routinely employed by birds maneuvering in high speed, fixed-wing flight, the strategies and mechanisms used by birds to maneuver during low-speed, flapping flight were not understood. /flightlab/Maneuvering.htm   (261 words)

 Glenn Curtiss House--Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
He developed an airplane that could land on water for the Navy, but he soon found himself in a legal battle with the Wright Brothers, who held a patent on their wing-warping system.
This was followed two months later by the White Wing, which employed Bell-contrived ailerons for lateral control, a system that was superior to the wing warping used by the Wright Brothers.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss, born in 1878 in Hammondsport, New York, was a rival of the Wright Brothers. /nr/travel/aviation/gle.htm   (742 words)

 Apache II - Aileron Warped or Damaged
If looking down the aileron lengthwise from the centre of wing, outboard towards the tip you can see warping or twisting that results in one end of the aileron being twisted more than 1/8" with respect to the other end, you will want to try to fix it.
Answer: The Ailerons in the Apache II are made from wood that is designed to be strong and resilient without easily breaking or warping.
You will need matching slots in the trailing edge of the wing. /discussionvmaapache/_disc1/00000020.htm   (749 words)

 Symposium Papers @ the Libraries
Going back to the wing curvature used in the 1903 flyer, the Wright brothers made several other significant improvements over the 1904 machine, the most important of which was the separation of the rudder control, which handled left to right movement, from the wing-warping mechanism.
All of their flying to this point had been done with the rudder and wing-warping mechanisms linked.
Serving as headquarters for the Wright Company School of Aviation and the Wright Exhibition Team, it also provided a training ground for civilian aviators who made a sport of flying, and military pilots who earned their wings as part of the government's budding interest in air power. /special/symposium/fraterrigo.html   (749 words) Ask Us - Boeing 767 Raked Wingtips
While this sort of wing "warping" is usually not desirable for structural reasons, perhaps Boeing engineers have used this torsional effect to create an aerodynamic washout.
What Boeing has applied to the 767-400 are more accurately desribed as wingtip extensions since they are horizontal additions to the existing wing.
For those unfamiliar with these wings, the picture below compares the wings of earlier Boeing 767 models like the -200 with those used on the new 767-400. /question/aerodynamics/q0148.shtml   (849 words)

 The Pioneers : An Anthology : Leon et Robert Morane and Raymond Saulnier
Despite its relatively sleek and streamlined appearance, the airplane's early date was betrayed by its flimsy tail surfaces and its use of wing-warping instead of ailerons for flight control.
Like many other aircraft of its time this type had no ailerons, lateral control was by wing warping.
The prototype was powered by an 80hp Gnome rotary engine and showed a rather peculiar distinctive feature in form of an enormous spinner. /hargrave/morane-saulnier.html   (849 words)

 German WW1 Airplanes, Model Airplanes
Except for the characteristic Fokker tail plane and the synchronized machine gun, the Eindecker was a direct copy of the Morane Saulnier "Parasol." The Eindecker did not use ailerons for banking, instead it used the, Wright Brothers invention of wing warping.
Even at the end of the Eindeckers life it didn't use ailerons making it more difficult to avoid the more nimble enemy aircraft which did use ailerons in lieu of the wing warping.
The Eindecker was the first fighter monoplane in WW1 and it was also the first aircraft to fire through the props using a synchronized machine gun where the bullets didn't hit the propeller. /Models_World_War_1/D_German_WW1_Airplanes.html   (849 words)

 FLYING MACHINES - Edson F. Gallaudet
Edson Gallaudet did not patent his system of wing warping for lateral control of flying machines and so the wing warping method of lateral control was open for subsequent investigators.
The kite had a wingspan of about 11 1/2 feet, and a length of just over 8 feet.
The Gallaudet "Hydro-Bike" of 1898 is currently on exhibit in the Early Flight Gallery at the National Air & Space Museum. /gallau.html   (380 words)

 NOVA Wright Brothers' Flying Machine Building Wright Replicas (non-interactive) PBS
Wing-warping took advantage of the twisting motion of the flexible wings to make turns.
The Model B's fabric wings not only provided the surface area for airflow to generate lift, they were also the centerpieces of the Wrights' wing-warping system.
In this photograph, the Wright Model B reconstruction plane has its wings completely warped for making a turn to the left. /wgbh/nova/wright/repl-nf.html   (665 words)

 SET99 Exhibition Text
Caley, Lilienthal; Pilcher and the Wright brothers; The importance of the scientific method; Wing warping control.
Birds‘ wings obviously produced lift, their outline, their curved section was known, and they were clearly seen to have a tail, although the function of the tail was not too clear.
Looking at wing shapes seemed a good place to start, and Sir George Caley had built models with curved wing sections. /set99/links.htm   (5655 words)

 Wright Brothers Photography
Orville Wright at the controls of the machine, lying prone on the lower wing with hips in the cradle which operated the wing-warping mechanism.
Wilbur Wright running alongside to balance the machine, has just released his hold on the forward upright of the right wing.
Wilbur came to his defense, and his arguments before the church court were successful in exonerating his father. /wrightbrothers.html   (452 words)

 Wright Brothers Photography
Orville Wright at the controls of the machine, lying prone on the lower wing with hips in the cradle which operated the wing-warping mechanism.
The brothers had arranged to have John T. Daniels of the Kill Devil Life-Saving Station, who was among the spectators, snap their camera for them just at the moment the machine had reached the end of the take-off rail and had risen two feet into the air.
The brothers continued their flying experiments in Ohio and in Fort Myer, Va., and were granted a patent for the plane in 1906. /wrightbrothers.html   (450 words)

 Louis Bleriot Monoplane - Military and Aircraft Scale Models
The X1 had a 28hp REP engine and a wire braced shoulder-mounted wing using a wing-warping system for lateral control, similar to the Wright Flyer.
Designed by Louis Blériot with the aid of Raymond Saulnier, the X1 was first flown on January 23rd, 1909.
25th July 1909: Louis Bleriot becomes the first person to make a "heavier than air" crossing of the English Channel. /product_page.asp?code=CG90111   (98 words)

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