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Topic: Wittgenstein


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  Ludwig Wittgenstein - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wittgenstein's political sympathies lay on the left, and while he was opposed to Marxist theory, he described himself as a "communist at heart" and romanticized the life of labourers.
Wittgenstein was increasingly frustrated to find that, although he was not yet ready to publish his work, some other philosophers were beginning to publish essays containing inaccurate presentations of his own views based on their conversations with him.
Wittgenstein) was to "show the fly out of the fly bottle": to show that the problems with which philosophers tormented themselves were in fact not really problems at all, but rather were examples of "language gone on holiday," as he put it.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ludwig_Wittgenstein   (5907 words)

  
 Ludwig Wittgenstein [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Wittgenstein himself was baptized in a Catholic church and was given a Catholic burial, although between baptism and burial he was neither a practicing nor a believing Catholic.
Wittgenstein suggests that one way, at least, to deal with such mysteries is to recall the different things one says about minds, memories, thoughts and so on, in a variety of contexts.
Wittgenstein is thus a doubly key figure in the development and history of analytic philosophy, but he has become rather unfashionable because of his anti-theoretical, anti- scientism stance, because of the difficulty of his work, and perhaps also because he has been little understood.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/w/wittgens.htm   (6909 words)

  
 Wittgenstein's Logical Atomism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein has little to say on this topic in the Tractatus, and yet it is clear from his retrospective remarks that during the composition of the Tractatus he did think it possible in principle to discover the Tractarian objects (See AM, 11 and EPB, 121).
Wittgenstein concludes that the independence of elementary propositions must be abandoned and that terms for real numbers must enter into atomic propositions, so that the impossibility of something's having both exactly one and exactly two degrees of brightness emerges as an irreducibly mathematical impossibility.
Wittgenstein came to see his earlier hopeful attitude as, in effect, resting on the mistake of confusing “dots of infinitude” with “dots of laziness.” But beyond this: “There was a deeper mistake — confusing logical analysis with chemical analysis.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/wittgenstein-atomism   (7982 words)

  
 Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein returned to Cambridge in 1929, received his doctorate, and began lecturing in 1930; in 1937 he succeeded G. Moore in the chair of philosophy.
Wittgenstein’s philosophical thought is unified by a constant concern with the relationship between language, mind, and reality; but it divides into two importantly different phases.
Wittgenstein’s work greatly influenced, and indeed in a sense occasioned, what has come to be called ordinary language philosophy, that is, the position that maintains that all philosophical problems arise from the illusions created by the ambiguities of language.
www.bartleby.com /65/wi/Wittgens.html   (642 words)

  
 Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951)
Wittgenstein's behavior seems to have been quite customary, and one of his students also later said that slamming the door didn't necessarily mean he was even angry.
Wittgenstein seemed to leave the door half-open to this by implying that there was, after all, other important stuff in life besides science, and that the value of the world cannot be in the world: "The sense of the world must lie outside the world....
Wittgenstein's arguments, like those of Protagoras, Pyrrho, or Hume, therefore enter into the mix of serious philosophy, even when we know that they will be productive of no positive results and represent no truly credible theory.
www.friesian.com /wittgen.htm   (4498 words)

  
 Philosophical Investigations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein contends that these illusions are not mistakes, but superstitions -- stories we tell in order to make sense of occurrences that cannot be confronted directly.
Wittgenstein writes, "One thinks that one is tracing the outline of the thing's nature over and over again, and one is merely tracing round the frame through which we look at it." We cannot escape or peer around the edges of our theory of reality.
Wittgenstein was referring to the picture of language as following the logic of propositional form that was the foundation of his Tractatus.
phili.blogspot.com   (1486 words)

  
 Wittgenstein   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein travelled to Jena to ask Frege's advice and was told that he should study under Russell.
Although Wittgenstein had not wished to return to academic life during this period he was not completely isolated from the study of mathematical logic, the foundations of mathematics, and philosophy.
Wittgenstein thought that his influence as a teacher was, on the whole, harmful to the development of independent minds in his disciples.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/Mathematicians/Wittgenstein.html   (2736 words)

  
 Wittgenstein K.M. Stokes, Ph.D. copyright 1996
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein, (born Vienna, Apr. 26, 1889, died Apr. 29, 1951), was one of the most original and influential philosophers of the 20th century.
In 1929, Wittgenstein returned to Cambridge, and in 1939 he was appointed to the chair in philosophy formerly held by G. Moore.
Wittgenstein wrote continually, and lecture notes, as well as dictated manuscripts, circulated widely, although often against his wishes.
www.iuj.ac.jp /media/stokes/WITTGENS.HTM   (527 words)

  
 Island of Freedom - Ludwig Wittgenstein   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein served in the Austrian army in World War I and was captured in Italy, and on his release after the war he gave away a considerable fortune he had inherited.
This led Wittgenstein to denounce his own theory of language in the Tractatus as nonsense, for to say that language pictures facts is to try to give a picture of the pictorial relation which holds between statement and fact, which is absurd since this pictorial relation shows itself, and what shows itself cannot be said.
Wittgenstein sees here that philosophical puzzlement arises when we misunderstand the functioning of our conceptual tools; we need to see that we are misconstruing the concept of wishing if we take "wishing" as the name of a psychic process.
www.island-of-freedom.com /WITTGEN.HTM   (1028 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Philosophical Investigations (3rd Edition)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein was the hero and his manner of ' doing philosophy' of walking and holding his forehead, and waiting in silence and thinking for long stretches of time while puzzling it out was imitated by his many followers.
Wittgenstein was a great mind, but a mind to be studied and understood, a frail and fragmented mind also, and not to be worshipped.
Wittgenstein never forces us to adopt any particular doctrine (apart from his philosophy of language, which became rather notorious in academic circles), but anybody who will perform these experiments honestly will certanly look on his own mind from different perspective.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0024288101?v=glance   (3258 words)

  
 Wittgenstein Genealogy Home Page
Wittgenstein (and we will speak of it as a single area) has had a clear identity and virtually the same boundaries since the 1600s, to the great benefit of the researcher.
Wittgenstein was a district within the Land of Westfalen during the periods of the second German empire (1871-1918), the Weimar Republic (1919-1933), and the Third Reich (1933-1945)
Wittgenstein was a possession of the Kingdom of Prussia between 1815 and the full unification of Germany in 1871
www.riedesel.org /wittpage.html   (2109 words)

  
 Wittgenstein's Ladder: Introduction
Wittgenstein might have responded by asking Shetley or Gioia what the "it" is that no longer "matters, the "it" that is by the critics' testimony so sadly "diminished," so marginalized, so evidently beside the point in the culture of late twentieth-century America.
Wittgenstein's maxim, 'Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent' [T #7], in which the extreme of positivism spills over into the gesture of reverent authoritarian authenticity, and which for that reason exerts a kind of intellectual mass suggestion, is utterly antiphilosophical.
Wittgenstein was not a Marxist but, as we shall see, he shares with Marx and with later cultural materialists, the notion that the languages of the self depend on social context, culture, and class.
wings.buffalo.edu /epc/authors/perloff/witt_intro.html   (6469 words)

  
 Presence of Mind - Wittgenstein’s Ghost   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Ever since Wittgenstein laid down that poker, colleagues and students who were present, and even those born many years later, have taken up the cudgels in an argument that was left unsettled.
Wittgenstein was regarded as an austere, domineering genius who often destroyed students’ ability to think for themselves.
Although Wittgenstein, who died in 1951 at age 62, did not live to see the most striking example of this bewitchment—the pursuit of artificial intelligence in computers—his ghost sat next to me at a seminar on this subject at the Smithsonian Castle in the 1980s.
www.smithsonianmag.si.edu /smithsonian/issues02/apr02/presence.html   (1248 words)

  
 Philosophers : Ludwig Wittgenstein
Utilizing such tools as the piicture theory of meaning, he ended up concluding with the thought that Tractatus was just a tool to aid in achieving an understanding of the idea that only statements of natural sciences are meaningful.
Words, for Wittgenstein only have meaning in the context of a shared relation, a public criteria for their correct application.
Wittgenstein's last writings are now published in a volume called On Certainty.
www.trincoll.edu /depts/phil/philo/phils/wittgenstein.html   (325 words)

  
 TIME 100: Ludwig Wittgenstein   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
As a young engineering student in England, Wittgenstein saw the hope of the new mathematical logic, and rushed to Cambridge to become the protege of Bertrand Russell, whose monumental "Principia Mathematica" (1913), written with Alfred North Whitehead, was an attempt to reduce all mathematics to logic.
Wittgenstein's first book, published in England in 1922, the even more grandly titled "Tractatus Logico-philosophicus," went even further, and was thought by him, and by some of his admirers, to have brought philosophy to an end, its key problems definitively solved once and for all.
The "later Wittgenstein" spent the next 18 years agonizing in front of a small Cambridge seminar of devoted and transfixed students, who posed curious questions that he then answered — or pointedly did not answer — with wonderfully austere if often enigmatic aphorisms.
www.time.com /time/time100/scientist/profile/wittgenstein.html   (385 words)

  
 Wittgenstein
I do not wish to dispute the assertion that the private language argument is 'the central argument of Wittgenstein's philosophy', but given the controversy which surrounds it, the lack of agreement amongst commentators as to its point, force, and even its precise location in the Investigations, Finch's final statement merits critical consideration.
Wittgenstein's disdain for psychological dualism - he speaks disparagingly of 'the conception of thought as a gaseous medium' (Ibid.
Against this Wittgenstein insists that a body is not something which possesses or has a soul, and instead argues that 'the human body is the best picture of the human soul' (Ibid.
www.ul.ie /~philos/vol1/wittsan2.html   (1958 words)

  
 Wittgenstein, Ludwig --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein's two major works, Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung (1921; Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, 1922) and Philosophische Untersuchungen (published posthumously in 1953; Philosophical Investigations), have inspired a vast secondary literature and have done much to...
June 16, 2003, Helsinki), was the successor to Ludwig Wittgenstein's chair of philosophy (1948–51) at the University of Cambridge and one of Wittgenstein's literary executors.
The basic source for this school of thought is the later writings of the Viennese-born philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, followed by the contributions of John Langshaw Austin, Gilbert Ryle, John Wisdom, G.E. Moore, and other British...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9077298   (722 words)

  
 Wittgenstein
In ordinary language, he now supposed, the meaning of words is more loosely aligned with their use in a variety of particular "language games." Direct reference is only one of many ways in which our linguistic activity may function, and the picturing of reality is often incidental to its success.
Efforts to employ a private language as expressions of interior mental states, for example, Wittgenstein argued to be an avoidable mistake that had caused great difficulties in the philosophy of mind.
In his later work, Wittgenstein applied this method of analysis to philosophical problems related to epistemology, mathematics, and ethics.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/witt.htm   (609 words)

  
 Wittgenstein Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
On Wittgenstein's philosophy of mathematics and the theory of film-making.
Ginny Watkins: "Wittgenstein, Interpretation and the Foundations of Psychoanalysis" (1997).
The Case of the Wittgenstein House An international 1998 symposium on preservation of modernist monuments.
www.helsinki.fi /~tuschano/lw/links   (2001 words)

  
 Wittgenstein (1993)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein is contemptuous, arrogant, petty loner who wasn't against berating the children who couldn't decipher his highly intelligent philosophies, and wasn't happy unless he was dispelling all around him and treating his companions and friends like dirt.
By the time the film is over you'll swear you saw scenes and images that never actually appeared, images that were born in your imagination.
'Wittgenstein' demonstrates a talent for creating an outrageous atmosphere in a restrained setting and the ability to instil a longevity to visuals that outlives both narrative and character.
us.imdb.com /Title?0108583   (592 words)

  
 Wittgenstein - Cambridge University Press
This collection of new essays deals with the relationship between Wittgenstein’s life and his philosophy.
Written by a first-rate team of Wittgenstein scholars including two published biographers of the philosopher, Brian McGuinness and Ray Monk, this collection will appeal to anyone with a serious interest in the most influential philosopher of the twentieth century.
Wittgenstein and the mind’s eye Kelly Hamilton; 4.
www.cambridge.org /uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521008689   (204 words)

  
 title   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Add A Wittgenstein Quotation to share with others.
Satirical Wittgenstein Logic: 1.1 The world is all that is the case.
wittgenstein mades a big mistake with his tractatus 4.462.If a tautology is always true(4.464),then it must be THE picture of reality, because the reality for itself is true, too.
www.seanet.com /~john7/wittgenstein/quot.html   (717 words)

  
 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophers: W: Wittgenstein, Ludwig   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen - Contains samples, transcriptions, and working papers based on the electronic publishing of Wittgenstein's works.
Wittgenstein in a nutshell - Overview on Wittgenstein and quotations.
Wittgenstein Links and Resources - Links and resources on the study of the life and thought of Ludwig Wittgenstein.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/Philosophers/W/Wittgenstein,_Ludwig   (426 words)

  
 Wittgenstein Links and Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Wittgenstein's "Tractatus" and the Logical Positivists by Elijah Beaver
Wittgenstein on Colour by Ian Jordan, a dissertation
Wittgenstein and Social Poetics by John Shotter of the University of New Hampshire
www3.baylor.edu /~Elijah_Beaver/wittyhome.html   (220 words)

  
 Ludwig Wittgenstein at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
This page is an electronic companion to Saul Kripke's classic book, Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language.
Commentary on passages from Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language, pp.
In cooperation with Oxford University Press, The Wittgenstein Archives will publish the entire Nachlaß in 1998 and 1999 in four volumes.
www.erraticimpact.com /~analytic/wittgenstein.htm   (398 words)

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