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Topic: Word order

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  Word order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Word order, in linguistic typology, refers to the order in which words appear in sentences across different languages.
OSV in English is a marked word order because it emphasises the object.
However, speaking of a language having a given word order is generally understood as a reference to the basic, unmarked, non-emphatic word order for sentences with constituents expressed by full nouns or noun phrases.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Word_order   (523 words)

 V2 word order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Verb-second (V2) word order, in syntax, is the effect that in some languages the second constituent of declarative main clauses is always a verb, while this is not necessarily the case in other types of clauses.
V2 word order is primarily associated with Germanic languages, English being a notable exception.
It has been argued that older English word order was of the SVO, IP-V2 sort, and it is easy to see how such an order can with little change develop into a simple SVO language as is Modern English today.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/V2_word_order   (664 words)

 Encyclopedia: Word order in Latin
Declension by case means that word order can be more variable in Latin than in English and other languages—because a reader or listener can discern the case of a word, it is not necessary to adhere to a strictly defined order.
Nonetheless, the SOV permutation was the most frequent in Classical Latin, except where—in poetry, for example—the ordering was often changed for the sake of rhythm or emphasis.
It is possible to construct a poem with a completely regular rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllables through careful arrangement of the right words in the right order, a feat rendered virtually impossible in English.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Word-order-in-Latin   (599 words)

 Facts about topic: (Word order)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Word order, in linguistic typology (additional info and facts about linguistic typology), refers to the order in which words appear in sentences across different languages.
SVO (additional info and facts about SVO) languages include English (An Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch; the official language of Britain and the United States and most of the Commonwealth countries) and French (The Romance language spoken in France and in countries colonized by France).
VSO languages put modifiers after, and use preposition ((linguistics) the placing of one linguistic element before another (as placing a modifier before the word it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix before the base to which it is attached)) s.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/w/wo/word_order.htm   (417 words)

 Word order is important in Chinese
Word order refers to the linear ordering between words (and more generally constituents of various sizes) in a sentence.
But there are languages in the world such as Latin and Russian that do not depend on word order as much but rather rely on cases to convey the idea of who does what to whom.
In English WH-questions, the object (which is also the question word) typically is at the beginning of the sentence, as in 'What did you eat?'; in yes-no question, the verbal elements may not all be after the subject, as in 'Do you want to eat now?' or 'Are you a student?'.
www-rohan.sdsu.edu /dept/chinese/aspect/wordorder.html   (1172 words)

Encoding word order by making reference to a separate feature has the advantage that it is possible to formulate word order constraints, while at the same time lexical entries can specify an exceptional word order.
The unmarked word order in verb raising constructions is one in which the ``governing'' verb precedes the ``governed'' verb.
We assume that complements are ordered in terms of ``obliqueness'', with the least oblique elements occurring first on the list, and with the most oblique elements occurring last.
odur.let.rug.nl /~vannoord/papers/clusters/node12.html   (361 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Order of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament
The illustrious foundress was born in 1596, at Roanne, France, and died in 1670 at Lyons.
The principal object of the order is the education of youth.
At the time of the French Revolution the religious were driven out of their monasteries, and destruction threatened the order, but the Word Incarnate watched over its preservation, and, after the restoration of peace, the order was re-established.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07706a.htm   (431 words)

 Word Order
Depending on the word order, an emphasis may arise for an idea in the sentence and of course, the positions of adverbs can change the meaning of the sentence.
SVO and VSO are neutral word orders in Greek.
In direct and indirect questions clauses introduced by interrogative pronouns, in which the interrogative words is the subject or object of the verb, the verb must stand immediately after the interrogative pronoun.
www.geocities.com /alexandrosworld/Greek/WordOrder.html   (264 words)

 Word order (Spanish) - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks
The word order in Spanish is not as rigid as it is in English.
However, it is possible to change the word order to emphasize the verb or the object:
This is always the word order when using a direct or indirect object pronoun.
en.wikibooks.org /wiki/Word_order_(Spanish)   (204 words)

 ELI Grammar Hotline -- Sentence Word-Order
English word order is flexible in the matter of adverb placment as long as the intended meaning is clear.
However, there are times when the sentence that follows gives such a group of words meaning, and if a writer follows that group of words with a comma, as you have, he or she is correct.
Dave, writing "See Paragraphs 7 and 8, respectively, of the enclosed order" is correct, focusing on the order of the paragraphs, while "See Paragraphs 7 and 8 of the enclosed order, respectively" seems to express a manner of seeing as opposed to an order of seeing.
www.udel.edu /eli/questions/g07.html   (3000 words)

Burke seldom uses such words in a sense that would satisfy someone like Crane as strictly literal; even the word "literal" is not quite literal; thinking about the concept as Burke might, we would no doubt extend my questioning of Crane's usage in chapter 2 [of this work].
Because word, image, and sound are expressed in a common digital code, the arts take on a new and radical convertibility that threatens both their present compartmentalization and its academic departmental embodiment.
And by the time the extent of their departure is enough to become generally obvious, the stability of the new order they have built in the name of the old order gives them the strength to abandon their old god-term and adopt another'.
www.sil.org /~radneyr/humanities/W.htm   (10946 words)

 Kathol's analysis of German Word Order
An example of a word order domain is given in (18).
In both cases, the elements which can be ordered relative to each order by means of word order constraints are roughly the same (ignoring the treatment of complementizers and possibly the subject).
This suggests that the word order constraints proposed by Kathol may carry over to an approach which derives `flat' word order domains directly.
odur.let.rug.nl /vannoord/papers/german/node4.html   (544 words)

 Word Clumps and Word Order (from language) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
Or words are combined to form a compound word.
Nonce words are sometimes used independently by different writers and speakers, but they are not adopted into general use.
The term was first used by Lewis Carroll to describe many of the unusual words in his Through the Looking-Glass (1871), particularly in the poem “Jabberwocky.” Other authors who have experimented with such words are James Joyce and Gerard Manley Hopkins.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-203601   (844 words)

 Word Order (die Wortstellung)
English tends to rely mostly on word order to indicate the grammatical function of a word or phrase, while German uses inflections.
Nevertheless, German word order is extremely important, even when it is not vital to meaning, and its correctness plays a major role in how a foreigner's command of the language is evaluated.
In this case, there is "inverted word order," and the subject moves to slot #3 or #7.
www.dartmouth.edu /~german/Grammatik/WordOrder/WordOrder.html   (3530 words)

 The Why Files | Inventing language
Word order matters, but we usually take it for granted.
The importance of word order in language got a boost from a new study of a sign language that recently arose in a Bedouin community in the Negev Desert of present-day Israel.
Word order feeds comprehension, but it might also reflect a deeper need, Aronoff speculates.
whyfiles.org /shorties/170lang_develop   (550 words)

 SIL Bibliography: Word order
Word order variation in Biblical Hebrew poetry: the role of pragmatics and poetics in the verbal clause.
Fuqua, Ronald W. Word order in discourse of North Junín Quechua.
Payne, Doris L. The pragmatics of word order: Typological dimensions of verb initial languages.
www.ethnologue.com /show_subject.asp?code=WOR   (548 words)

 100% Word Search - Order - Word search software to create word search puzzles
Ordering is easy, regardless of where you live.
The cost per license when ordering online is $39.95 US Dollars, however you can choose the equivalent in your own currency (if it isn't USD) if you prefer.
Therefore, if you order online by credit card, you can be using the full version in just a few minutes time from now.
www.rt-software.co.uk /100ws/order.html   (504 words)

 Metroactive News & Issues | The Word 'Nigger'
Such public flaunting of a derogatory word by the defamed group itself is not unusual.
Many gays have taken on the word "queer," and many lesbians have taken on the word "dyke" as their own; because of it, both words have lost their pejorative sting.
But at the same time it was becoming synonymous with the word "slave," the word "nigger" was also, in some quarters, becoming synonymous with everything negative about the human race.
www.metroactive.com /papers/metro/04.09.98/cover/nigger-9814.html   (3384 words)

 Word order (from Uralic languages) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The grammatical structures of the various Uralic languages, despite numerous superficial differences, generally indicate a basic Early Uralic sentence structure of (subject) + (object) + main verb + (auxiliary verb)—the parenthesized elements are optional, and the last element is the finite (inflected) verb, which is suffixed to agree with the subject in person and number.
More results on "Word order (from Uralic languages)" when you join.
Word processing involves the use of computers, software, and printers to get data into printed form.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-74955   (832 words)

 KHS Teaching German Word Order Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Another example is the formula 'SMOSI' for word order with modals: S = subject, m = modal, OS = other stuff, I = infinitive.
This isn't an acronym--but one thing we've done in German I when learning word order in German sentences, d.h., to keep the verb second, is make a "V" with 2 fingers like the peace sign--"V" for verb, 2 for second position in the sentence.
Pretty soon, all you have to do to remind them is signal them with the V-sign and they move their verb to the correct location.
sps.k12.mo.us /khs/german/germany/teacher/methods/dtwordorder.htm   (261 words)

 The Word Detective
Hundreds of words and phrases indexed in alphabetical order are lurking in our archive.
The Word Spy: Devoted to lexpionage, the sleuthing of new words and phrases.
The Maven's Word of the Day Archive: A Random House feature, now discontinued but with a large number of back columns still online.
www.word-detective.com   (543 words)

 New Word Order
Though she's referring to the world of Iraqi kidnappers and assassins, the word "impunity," which means "exemption from punishment, penalty, or harm," and has an old-fashioned imperial edge to it, also catches something of the Bush administration stance toward Iraq and the greater world.
They are part of a new word and world order taking disheveled shape in what may indeed become the "killing fields" of Iraq, an order that we have no reasonable language whatsoever to describe.
In Imperial China, a new dynastic emperor ascending the throne performed a ceremony involving what was called "the rectification of names." This was on the theory that the previous dynasty had fallen, in part, because the gap between reality and the way it was named had grown to abyss-like proportions.
www.motherjones.com /news/dailymojo/2004/04/04_535.html   (3470 words)

 Word order
Following are the normal word order patterns in Gujarati.
In possessive constructions, there is a possessor + possessee word order.
In sentences with ditransitive verb indirect object + direct object is a normal order.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /plc/gujarati/wordorder.htm   (132 words)

 V2 word order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
V2 word order (V2) is a subset of the SVO word order.
It refers to those languages (primarily German, and Dutch) which invariantly place the conjugated verb in the second position in a full clause.
Note the difference between the English, and German word orders, that English has two elements before the verb, while the German has only one.
www.netipedia.com /index.php/V2_word_order   (253 words)

 The Sixteen Rules of Esperanto Grammar
The first of these is the most commonly used (and pedestrian) word order in Esperanto, probably because it is the standard word-order in the languages spoken natively by most Esperantists.
The second and sixth are not terribly widely used, despite the fact that they are used as standard word orders by several different languages (Latin, German, Japanese in the first case, all the Celtic languages in the second).
The problem arises when learning the words through the medium of English; it is often difficult to remember whether the word that means "to drown" means "to die of suffocation in liquid" or "to kill by suffocating in liquid".
www.webcom.com /~donh/Esperanto/rules.html   (3431 words)

 ipedia.com: Word order Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In many languages, changes in word order occur due to topicalization or in questi...
works which give detailed account, in alphabetical order, of whole field of human knowledge, or of some particular section in it.
However, all languages are generally assumed to have a basic word order: SVO languages include English and French.
www.ipedia.com /word_order.html   (128 words)

 Word order (from Sino-Tibetan languages) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Although the word order of subject–object–verb and modified–modifier prevails in Tibeto-Burman, the order subject–verb–object and modifier–modified occurs in Karenic.
In this respect Chinese is like Karen, although Old Chinese shows remnants of the Tibeto-Burman word order.
More results on "Word order (from Sino-Tibetan languages)" when you join.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-75023?tocId=75023   (854 words)

 LINGUIST List 10.1281: Re:10.1263/10.1268 Universal Word Order
Rather, the ordering is built into a language--but is not absolute: All languages seem to have mechanisms for changing the basic word order for emphasis/topicalization/poetic effect/what-have-you.
Such mechanisms would, I think, be impossible, were the basic word order so strongly encoded as you would have it.
In this respect, it is comparable to the strategy to look on the skin colour or shape of face of people in order to classify them from their genetic origin (be it race, tribe or big family).
www.sfs.nphil.uni-tuebingen.de /linguist/issues/10/10-1281.html   (642 words)

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