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Topic: Works of authority in British constitution

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www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/authority.html   (1626 words)

Ptolemy concludes his great work by saying that he has included in it everything of practical utility which in his judgment should find a place in a treatise on astronomy at the time it was written, with relation as well to discoveries as to methods.
De Morgan doubts whether this work is genuine on account of the absence of allusion to the Almagest or to the subject of refraction in the Almagest itself; but his chief reason for doubting its authenticity is that the author of the Optics was a poor geometer.
Ptolemy especially devoted himself to the mathematical branch of his subject, and the arrangement of his work, in which his results are presented in a tabular form, instead of being at once embodied in a map, was undoubtedly designed to enable the student to construct his maps for himself.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /PRE_PYR/PTOLEMY_CLAUDIUS_PTOLEMAEUS_.html   (9570 words)

 The Constitution of the State of Israel (1993)
Thus, in the American constitutional system, the conventions surrounding the Electoral College that morally bind presidential electors to follow the decision of the majority of the voters in their respective states are considered by Americans to be a matter of fundamental law, even though they are merely custom.
The world's modern constitutions can be classified according to five basic con-stitutional models: (1) the constitution as frame of government; (2) the constitution as code; (3) the constitution as revolutionary manifesto; (4) the constitution as political ideal; and (5) the constitution as a modern adaptation of an ancient traditional constitution.
There are scientific principles involved in the making of constitutions, as the fathers of the United States Constitution of 1787 demonstrated in their reliance on the "new science of politics," which had discovered such vital principles of republican regimes as separation of powers, federalism, and the institution of the presidency.
www.jcpa.org /dje/articles/const-intro-93.htm   (6537 words)

 | Book Review | Law and History Review, 17.2 | The History Cooperative
They embraced the English model of formal statements regarding the nature of governmental authority and the liberties of the people but grew increasingly uncomfortable with the British constitution of several parts (hardly "unwritten" despite the common label) and, particularly, its capacity to be altered by simple parliamentary majority.
The rhetoric surrounding the election of initial state assemblies, the concentration of those assemblies on constitution making, and their prompt adjournment so that new elections could be held to sanction their work made clear how they were regarded, and indeed regarded themselves.
In the eighteenth century the British regarded economic independence and a stake in the community as evidenced by a certain level of property holding as the necessary prerequisite for suffrage.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lhr/18.1/br_4.html   (1027 words)

 Stevens: Sources of the Constitution: Chapter 2
Though of recent date, this work had reached the position of a recognized authority on both sides of the Atlantic; and it was accepted by the leaders of the Convention as in many ways a guide for their deliberations.
As being the highest authority on the laws of England, his book was apparently followed by the makers of the Constitution in all branches of their work, and with a fidelity which has even called forth criticism from modern English writers.
The earliest attempt at a national constitution, that of the Confederation, had been a failure precisely as to the points in which it departed from these principles; and the present Constitution was a return to a system from which the colonies themselves had never departed.
www.constitution.org /cmt/ces/cessc_2.htm   (5289 words)

 Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics
Constitution of Medina (Dustur al-Madinah), Mohammed (622) — Constitution of government which united Muslims, Jews, Christians and pagans, in the city-state of Medina, perhaps the first written constitution.
A Defense of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America, John Adams (1787-89) — Comprehensive historical review of how various national constitutions worked, with quotes from political philosophers and historians, that influenced the Founders in their drafting of state and federal constitutions.
The American Republic: its Constitution, Tendencies, and Destiny, O. Brownson (1866) — Argument against secession, distinguishes the constitution of government from the underlying constitution of the society, and territorial from socialistic or egoistic democracy.
www.constitution.org /liberlib.htm   (3653 words)

 Articles - Constitution of Canada   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
At the same time, Canada relies on constitutional convention to a much smaller degree than the United Kingdom, and there are parts of the Constitution of Canada (namely the portions that deal with individual rights and provincial-federal relations) in which a literal reading of the constitutional documents closely resembles actual practice.
Modifying the Constitution of Canada used to be done by acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or "Imperial Parliament".
Since the repatriation of the constitution in 1982, however, amendments can only be passed by the Canadian House of Commons, the Senate of Canada, and a two-thirds majority of the provincial legislatures representing at least 50% of the population.
www.lastring.com /articles/Constitution_of_Canada   (1948 words)

 Works of authority in the British constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Works of authority in British constitution)
Works of authority in the British constitution are books written by constitutional theorists that are considered part of the constitution.
The two most prominent works of authority are An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution 1885 by A.V. Dicey and A Practical Treatise on the Law, Privileges, Proceedings and Usage of Parliament (Parliamentary Practise) 1844 by Erskine May.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Works_of_authority_in_British_constitution   (128 words)

Hegel found this method both in the workings of the mind, as a logical procedure, and in the workings of the history of the world, which to Hegel was the process of the development and realization of the World Spirit (Weltgeist).
British empiricist philosophy was dominant in England until near the end of the century, and in France until a somewhat earlier time; then, gradually, Kant and Hegel conquered the universities of France and England, so far as their teachers of technical philosophy were concerned."
In democracy the constitution is always based on its actual foundation, on actual man and the actual people, not only in itself, according to its essence, but in its existence and actuality; it is postulated as autonomous.
miami.indymedia.org /news/2005/05/1315.php   (5977 words)

 Embassy Washington
Consequently, when Canada officially ceased to be a British colony with passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931, authority to amend the Constitution remained with the British Parliament.
The Constitution was patriated on April 17, 1982, without the consent of the Quebec legislature, but the Supreme Court of Canada subsequently ruled that the patriation process had respected Canada's laws and conventions, and that the Constitution, including the Constitution Act, 1982, was in force throughout Canada.
Inclusion of the Charter in the Constitution marked a departure from the principle of parliamentary supremacy and an expansion of the role of the courts as federal and provincial laws must now conform to the Charter as well as to the division of powers.
www.canadianembassy.org /government/constitution-en.asp   (1559 words)

 The role of the British Monarch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Whilst the British and Irish Heads of State perform similar roles such as signing Acts of Parliament into law and representing the Nation overseas, the Irish President is directly accountable via the ballot box and has certain direct powers as guardian of the Irish constitution.
In 1998 the British Monarch and her 'way forward' group are discussing possible reforms of the Monarchy in an attempt to face up to the challenges of the public’s reaction to the death of the popular Princess of Wales in August 1997.
There is no doubt that the British people, despite its recent difficulties, hold the British Monarchy with high esteem and fondness, or that the Queen and her heir do an excellent job in difficult circumstances.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Ithaca/1562/monarchy.html   (1722 words)

 Cayman Net News: We have the least advanced constitution in all of the British Overseas Territories countries
There is only one draft constitution before the people of the Cayman Islands, and that is the one sent through the office of the Governor by Baroness Amos on 5th February 2003 on behalf of the British Government.
This draft constitution is the embodiment of Caymanian Constitutional Review Commissioners, the public at large and negotiations by delegates from Government, the legislative Opposition and NGOs, which took place at Lancaster House in December 2002 between these groups and representatives of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
I suggest the author may have more correctly used the word “authority” instead of “rights.” Caymanian legislators of the past have called for a reduction of the powers of the Governor for over thirty years, long before the present constitution was made.
www.caymannetnews.com /2004/08/717/letter2.shtml   (1232 words)

 Britannia Panorama: British Government
Parliament, Britain's legislature, is made up of the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Queen in her constitutional role.
As there are no legal restraints imposed by a written constitution, Parliament may legislate as it pleases, subject to Britain's obligations as a member of the European Union.
In the Commons the Speaker has full authority to enforce the rules of the House and must guard against the abuse of procedure and potect minority rights.
www.britannia.com /gov/gov10.html   (1819 words)

The constitution talks about all sorts of things, like what our official languages are and what our individual rights are.
The constitution works together with our system of laws to make up the rules of the country.
The constitution also indicates what provinces are a part of Canada and what the powers of those provinces are.
www.kidzone.ws /geography/constitution.htm   (1629 words)

 The Constitution Act, 1867
The Constitution of the Executive Authority in each of the Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject to the Provisions of this Act, continue as it exists at the Union until altered under the Authority of this Act.
The Constitution of the Legislature of each of the Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject to the Provision of this Act, continue as it exists at the Union until altered under the Authority of this Act.
Meanwhile, all remaining British possessions and territories in North America and the islands adjacent thereto, except the colony of Newfoundland and its dependencies, were admitted into the Canadian Confederation by the Adjacent Territories Order, dated July 31, 1880.
www.solon.org /Constitutions/Canada/English/ca_1867.html   (9620 words)

 cluetrain manifesto - chapter one
While the outcome of these debates did not invariably constitute wisdom for the ages, the process by which they took place was honing a razor-sharp sense of collective potential.
It undermines unthinking respect for centralized authority, whether that "authority" is the neatly homogenized voice of broadcast advertising or the smarmy rhetoric of the corporate annual report.
In the late eighteenth century, the British philosopher Jeremy Bentham imagined a little nightmare he called a "panopticon" — a prison in which the inmates could be seen at all times, but couldn't see their jailers.
www.cluetrain.com /apocalypso.html   (12249 words)

 Why Canada IS Worth SAVING   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Though many critics thought that these factors would topple the primarily bicultural constitution of Canada and stunt the strong economic recovery of the post-war era, Canada instead adapted to these new factors, gradually reinventing itself as a multicultural society with generous, people-directed social policies.
Laura Secord, a heroine of the war of 1812, risked her life to inform the British (Canada was under British control at that time) about the Americans secret attack.
In conclusion, it is absolutely imperative that we work to protect our country and all she stands for against major super powers like the United States.
www.canadianactionparty.ca /MainPages/cwsEssays.asp?Language=English   (15906 words)

 JOHN FLETCHER'S WORKS--INDEX and INTRODUCTIONS Complete Spiritual and Academic Works and History
From time to time different parts of the work were discovered, and though the manuscript was so incorrect and confused, as frequently to stagger the resolution of the translator, yet a strong persuasion that the work was calculated to produce the most desirable effects, encouraged him to persevere till he had completed his undertaking.
The Holy Scriptures furnish materials in abundance for the present work; the Acts of the Apostles, from chapter viii, containing little else than a narration of the labours of St. Paul, or an abridgment of his sermons and apologies.
It is on such occasions that a man is most likely to discover what he really is; and it is on such occasions that the moral painter may take an author in the most interesting positions, in order to delineate, with accuracy, his sentiments, his circumstances, and his conduct.
truthinheart.com /EarlyOberlinCD/CD/Fletcher/jfindex.htm   (5849 words)

 Drug History
Hippocrates' authority lasted throughout the Middle Ages and reminded alchemists and medical experimenters of the potential of inorganic drugs.
In fact, a distant descendant of Hippocrates' prescriptions was the use of antimony salts in elixirs (alcoholic solutions) advocated by Basilius Valentius in the middle of the 15th century and by the medical alchemist Phillippus Aureolus Paracelsus (born Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim, in Switzerland, 1493-1541).
The spirit of temperance led to the prohibition of alcohol by the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1919, but Prohibition was repealed in 1933.
www.drug-rehabs.org /drughistory.php   (7594 words)

 And this is how it ends | Samizdata.net
The constitution is due to discussed at an EU Heads of State conference planned for 2004.
Stress the proud history of the British Isles as utterly distinct from that of the continent (except for moments of intense pain and suffering).
The aim of the Constitution is to consolidate all the previous treaties.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/003547.html   (12509 words)

 Sources of the UK Constitution.
Below is a short sample of the essay "Sources of the UK Constitution.".
If you sign up you could be reading the rest of this essay in under two minutes.
Despite the many statutes and conventions which map out the operation of the British Constitution, there are some areas which have remained the subject of doubt and confusion.
www.coursework.info /i/63857.html   (246 words)

 WWW.History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
There are also links to biographies of five "trial heroes," including famous trial lawyer Clarence Darrow, and a "Constitutional conflicts" site that offers 29 important constitutional topics for class discussion, such as gay rights, student searches, and the electoral college debates.
This site, developed by the Film Study Center at Harvard University, is an experimental, interactive case study that explores the remarkable 18th-century diary of midwife Martha Ballard.
This rich site provides students and teachers with an ideal case study of the work involved in "piecing together the past." Click here for Audio Review.
www.historymatters.gmu.edu /browse/wwwhistory   (3554 words)

 Constitution Quotes
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Constitution Encyclopedia Links constitution History Links Constitution Definition
Queen Elizabeth II The British Constitution has always...
www.brainyquote.com /quotes/keywords/constitution.html   (60 words)

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