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Topic: Wright Brothers flights of 1909

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  Photographs Taken by the Wright Brothers of Aviation Experiments, Home, and Family (Prints and Photographs Reading ...
The brothers continued their flying experiments in Ohio and in Fort Myer, Va., and were granted a patent for the plane in 1906.
The Wright brothers were aware of the important relationship of photography to their work, both scientifically and historically.
The brothers had arranged to have John T. Daniels of the Kill Devil Life-Saving Station, who was among the spectators, snap their camera for them just at the moment the machine had reached the end of the take-off rail and had risen two feet into the air.
www.loc.gov /rr/print/coll/236_wright.html   (1692 words)

 Wright Brothers flights of 1909 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Wright Brothers, Orville and Wilbur, invented the modern aeroplane.
On 29 September 1909, Wilbur made a famous flight on the Wright Flyer III around the Statue of Liberty.
The flight around the Statue of Liberty was duplicated on May 26, 2003 by a Dayton Group named 'Wright Flyer B Inc' with a replica of Wright Flyer as a part of the continuing celebrations of the Wright Brothers anniversary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Wright_Brothers_flights_of_1909   (736 words)

 Wright Brothers Symposium, Guillaume de Syon paper
The admiration for the Wrights' achievement was marred, however, by an unfortunate translation and publication of a Wright letter to the French government in 1905, in which the advantage of an airplane in case of a conflict with Germany and other powers was mentioned.
The Wright brothers' true success came when they accepted the European challenge to show their mettle, which they did by breaking every record in the books in summer 1908, in particular during meetings in France.
When Orville Wright was about to give flight demonstrations in Berlin, he wrote in his correspondence that had the Berliners not been so eager, he would have rushed to compete in a French race at the Reims meeting and taken all the prizes.
www.libraries.wright.edu /special/symposium/deSyon.html   (2994 words)

 Wikinfo | Wright brothers
The Wright Brothers, Orville Wright (August 19, 1871 - January 30, 1948) and Wilbur Wright (April 16, 1867 - May 30, 1912), are generally credited with the invention of the aeroplane and making the first controllable, powered heavier-than-air flight.
However, the Wright brothers' patented three-axis system of control, using wing warping (later supplanted by ailerons) to control roll, elevators to control pitch and angle of attack and a rudder to control yaw, made flight stable and sustainable.
Orville Wright didn't like anybody else hogging the credit so the Flyer was instead lent to the London Science Museum and Orville stated it wouln't be returned untill he and his brother was acknowledged as the "Fathers of Powered Flight".
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Wright_brothers   (1079 words)

 Wright Brothers -- Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
The four successful flights made on December 17 were short because the Wrights, not desiring to fly a new machine at much height in strong winds, sometimes found it impossible to correct the up-and-down motion of the airplane before it struck the ground.
While the Wrights and onlookers were discussing the flights, a sudden gust of wind struck the airplane and turned it over a number of times, damaging it badly.
Orville Wright was unwilling to entrust the 1903 airplane to the National Museum in Washington, D.C., because of a controversy between him and the Smithsonian in regard to the history of the invention of the airplane.
www.cr.nps.gov /nr/travel/aviation/wrightbrothers.htm   (6047 words)

 Analysis--The True Story of the Wright Brothers Contract   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Wright be informed that the Board does not care to formulate any requirements for the performance of a flying machine or take any further action on the subject until a machine is produced which by actual operation is shown to be able to produce horizontal flight and to carry an operator.
Wright’s statements as to the expected performance of their airplane, on which proposals could be asked in accordance with the desire of the Board of Ordnance and Fortification.
But while the story of the Wright brothers is interesting, often dramatic, and frequently stirring, and while their 1908 Army contract is surely a milestone in the history of military aviation, it has no bearing on the challenges that agencies must confront today when trying to implement performance-based service contracting.
www.wifcon.com /analwright.htm   (7027 words)

 During the Wright brothers' demonstration flights in Europe in 1908, they met wealthy businessman J
Although the Wrights were not eager to enter the “mountebank business,” as they referred to stunt flying and exhibitions, they recognized that an exhibition team would add to their income.
The major modification to this airplane was the installation of an eight-cylinder Rausenberger engine in place of the original four-cylinder Wright engine and the addition of ailerons on the trailing edge of the wings instead of the Wrights’ lever control system for wing warping.
The Wright Model EX was built especially for exhibition flight and was the plane used by Cal Rodgers in his transcontinental trip in 1911.
www.centennialofflight.gov /essay/Wright_Bros/Later_Years/WR13.htm   (1659 words)

 PBS - Chasing the Sun - Timeline: 1900 to 1909
With many skeptical of the Wright Brothers' flights, Santos-Dumont is hailed at the time as the first to fly.
The Wright Brothers begin a series of flying demonstrations in France which amaze audiences and bring worldwide acclaim.
Selfridge was a passenger of Orville Wright's when one of the propellers cracked at 150 feet in the air, sending the biplane nose first into the ground.
www.pbs.org /kcet/chasingthesun/timeline/1900.html   (323 words)

 Wright Brothers National Memorial, National Park Service
The brothers were dressed in coats and ties that December morning-a touch of private ceremony for an event that would alter the world.
The Wrights labored in relative obscurity, while the experiments of Samuel Langley of the Smithsonian were followed in the press and underwritten by the War Department.
It was the Wrights' genius to see that humans would have to fly their machines, that the problems of flight could not be solved from the ground.
www.nps.gov /wrbr/indepth/brochure.htm   (2394 words)

 Wright Brothers History: The Tale of the Airplane
Through an extensive study of birds and bird flight, Cayley realized that the lift function and the thrust function of bird wings were separate and distinct, and could be imitated by different systems on a fixed-wing craft.
Once details of the Wrights methods became public when their patent was issued in late 1905, other inventors quickly copied the important discoveries of the Wright brothers, and developed airplanes as capable as those of the Wrights.
The Wrights first craft in 1900 was approximately equal to the best that had been done prior to that time.
www.wright-house.com /wright-brothers/taleplane.html   (838 words)

 Wright Brothers Information Packet
October- December, 1901: The Wright brothers conduct further tests of their airfoils with wind tunnel and pressure-testing balances of their own design, becoming the first investigators to compile tables of figures from which it was possible to design an airplane that would fly.
August, 1902: The Wright brothers complete construction of their 1902 glider, which was designed on the basis of their wind tunnel experiments.
November 22, 1909: The Wright Company is incorporated, with Wilbur Wright as president and Orville Wright and Andrew Freedman serving as vice-presidents.
www.libraries.wright.edu /special/wright_brothers/packet/timeline.html   (1052 words)

 Celebrating The Success Of The Wright Brothers & The Invention of the Airplane
The flight, achieved in 1911, was eight years after the Wright Brothers’ first flight at Kitty Hawk, N.C. Calbraith Perry Rodgers, the 32-year-old cigar smoking flamboyant pilot, was one of those single-minded people who does not give up until success is achieved.
These circles are nearly a mile in circumference each; and the last flight made Dec. 12 could have been prolonged indefinitely had it not been that the rudder was in such position it cramped the hand of the operator so he was obliged to alight.
In a like manner these brothers have probably not even a faint glimpse of what their discovery is going to bring to the children of men.
www.wrightstories.com /flights.html   (7489 words)

 Wright Brothers Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Wright Brothers have designed their first aircraft: a small, biplane glider flown as a kite.
The Wright Brothers have successfully tested their new 50-pound biplane glider with its 17-foot wingspan and wing warping mechanism at Kitty Hawk, in both unmanned and piloted flights.
After months of studying how propellers work, the Wright Brothers designed a motor and a new aircraft sturdy enough to accommodate the added weight and vibrations of the motor.
quest.arc.nasa.gov /aero/wright/background/timeline/Timeline-new.html   (636 words)

 World Almanac for Kids
In 1901 the brothers tested the effects of air pressure on more than 200 wing surfaces and in 1902, executing almost 1000 glides in a new glider, they confirmed their Kitty Hawk data.
At Kitty Hawk the Wrights also proved to their satisfaction that planes could be balanced best by pilots, rather than by built-in engineering devices; this was the major idea covered by the first Wright patent.
His individual contributions to the improvement of aircraft include the development of the first wind tunnel in 1901 and the discovery, in 1902, that tailspins could be eliminated by substituting a movable vertical tail for the stationary one then in use.
www.worldalmanacforkids.com /explore/inventions/wright.html   (596 words)

 Wright Brothers Collection, Biographical Scetch
The Wright scrapbooks held in the Dayton and Montgomery County Library are not the only ones in existence.
The Wrights may have been near-ultimate examples of the “local boys make good” phenomenon, and the pride and affection felt for the brothers by their home city and state is obvious in these scrapbooks.
While the historian might be more fully informed about the full breadth of the Wrights’ lives and accomplishments by consulting the scrapbooks in the Library of Congress, those in Dayton inform the reader in a unique way, treating the Wrights as talented individuals who would always remain locals despite their national and even international celebrity.
home.dayton.lib.oh.us /archives/wbcollection/wbbruno.html   (2224 words)

 Other Wright Brothers' Sites
The Centennial of Flight Commission was created by the U.S. Congress in 1999 to serve as a national and international source of information about activities to commemorate the centennial of the Wright Brothers' first powered flight on the sands at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903.
Founded in North Carolina to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Wright Brothers' first flight, the Foundation is spearheading an effort to preserve and protect the monument to the Wrights at Kitty Hawk, and to have the US Mint produce a commemorative coin for the Centennial.
Althought the Wrights are now generally regarded as the first to produce a controllable heavier-than-air machine that sustained flight, during the early half of the 20th Century, the Smithsonian Institution claimed that the design produced by Samuel P. Langley, then the head of the Smithsonian, was "capable" of flight.
www.wrightflyer.org /Links   (3547 words)

 1902 Wright Glider
Remember that the Wrights were running an aerodynamic research laboratory in a remote part of the world that was a three-day journey to the nearest hardware store in good weather.
The Wrights could have included a supply of steel straps in their tool kit, then bent the parts they needed either by taking a small vise with them or rigging a vise from two pieces of hardwood and a couple of clamps.
It was a finely woven 100 percent unbleached cotton with 102 threads per inch in the warp and 107 in the weft, or the thread count of 209, and was commonly used for ladies undergarments.
www.wright-brothers.org /Adventure/Workshop/building1902.htm   (3026 words)

 [No title]
The four successful flights made on December 17 were short because the Wrights, not desiring to fly a new machine at much height in strong winds, sometimes found it impossible to correct the up-and-down motion of the airplane before it struck the ground.
While the Wrights and onlookers were discussing the flights, a sudden gust of wind struck the plane and turned it over a number of times, damaging it badly.
Before the Wright memorial shaft was erected, conservation work was begun in 1929 on the massive 26-acre dune of shifting yellow sand to anchor the 9l-foot-high dune by seeding it with special grasses adapted to sandy soil.
statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us /nc/ncsites/wright4.htm   (3473 words)

 Wright Brothers Newspaper Articles 1902 - 1914
Flight fulfills the Army's requirements and is witnessed by President Taft, his cabinet, and other public officials as well as an estimated crowd of ten thousand spectators at Fort Meyer.
Wright Brothers begin a patent suit against Herring-Curtiss Company and Glenn H. Curtiss by filing a bill of complaint to prevent them from manufacturing, selling, or using in exhibition the Curtiss airplane.
Wright Company, formed to manufacture their airplanes, is incorporated; Wilbur serves as president and Orville as vice president.
www.paperlessarchives.com /wbscrapbooks.html   (674 words)

 The Wright Brothers- Wilbur and Orville
In 1894, their interest in flying was inspired by the gliding flights of the German pioneer Lilienthal and they studied all that was known on the subject at that time.
It was Orville who noted that soaring birds maintained lateral control of flight by flexing the tips of their wings and in following this concept in their own machines, solved a vital control element ignored by earlier experimentors.
The first of four flights on that historic day was made by Orville for a distance of 120 feet.
www.allstar.fiu.edu /aerojava/wrightbros.htm   (680 words)

 Wright brothers Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography
The exploits of one of the great glider pilots of the late 19th century, Otto Lilienthal, had attracted the attention of the Wright brothers as early as 1891, but it was not until the death of this famous aeronautical engineer in 1896 that the two became interested in gliding experiments.
The Wrights took up the problem of flight at an auspicious time, for some of the fundamental theories of aerodynamics were already known; a body of experimental data existed; and most importantly, the recent development of the internal combustion engine made available a sufficient source of power for manned flight.
They made over 1,000 gliding flights and were able to confirm their previous data and to demonstrate their ability to control the three axes of motion of the glider.
www.bookrags.com /biography/wright-brothers   (1158 words)

 Wright Brothers National Memorial --Reading 3
During the winter and spring of 1904, the Wright brothers began constructing an improved version of their airplane.
Although they had made the world's first controlled powered flight they would need to make several changes before their machine could be considered a practical airplane.
Renamed Wright Brothers National Memorial in 1953, the park today includes the monument on Big Kill Devil Hill, the granite marker at the liftoff spot, four smaller granite markers designating the landing spot of each of the four flights, and reconstructed 1903 camp buildings.
www.cr.nps.gov /nr/TwHP/wwwlps/lessons/109wrightnc/109facts4.htm   (824 words)

Beyond that, Wilbur Wright’s last flight that day is surely the only one which can be judged to have been a true flight in our current understanding of the term, for it was on that flight and that flight alone that The Flyer’s control mechanisms were fully employed to prolong the flight of The Flyer.
A belief that the Wright brothers, especially Wilbur, had made conscious use of environmental factors such as wind and gravity to assist the take-off of The Flyer could, perhaps, be misunderstood as an attempt to impute an inadequacy of design or engineering.
The Wright brothers’ success was therefore as much a success of conception as it was of execution, as much a success of the mind as it was of flight.
www.thewrightbrothers.org /fivefirstflights.html   (5496 words)

 Wright 1909 Military Flyer
The Wright Company quoted a price of $2,000 for the upgrade, but advised against it because of the many design improvements that had been made during the intervening two years.
The manager of the Wright Company, Frank Russell, learned that the Smithsonian Institution was interested in the first Army airplane and would welcome its donation to the national museum.
The aircraft was restored close to its original 1909 configuration, but a few non-original braces added for the wheeled landing gear in 1910 remained on the airplane when it was turned over to the Smithsonian.
www.nasm.si.edu /research/aero/aircraft/wright09.htm   (754 words)

 Curtiss-Wright Corporation - Glen Curtiss 1909   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
At that time, the Wright Flyer was ready to perform U.S. Government trials at Ft. Myer, Virginia with Orville as its pilot.
The Wrights regarded all AEA members as scoundrels; they had helped themselves to the Wrights' roll control patents and would be reluctant for any AEA member to even look at their airplane.
During one of its flights, Curtiss sketched a map of the surrounding countryside and presented it to the Army, the first aerial map prepared in the US A spectator during the airship trials was a German army officer.
www.curtisswright.com /history/1909.asp   (1486 words)

 The Wright Brothers - First Flight, 1903   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The brothers began their experimentation in flight in 1896 at their bicycle shop in Dayton, Ohio.
The brothers notified several newspapers prior to their historic flight, but only one - the local journal - made mention of the event.
At about 10:30 that morning, Orville Wright lay down on the plane's wing surface and brought its engine to life in preparation of launching it and himself into history.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /wright.htm   (1183 words)

 With Wings as Eagles - From Fantasy to Flight
The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers The online presentation of The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress, comprising about 10,121 library items or approximately 49,084 digital images, documents the lives of Wilbur and Orville Wright and highlights their pioneering work, which led to the world's first powered, controlled and sustained flight.
Included in the collection are correspondence, diaries and notebooks, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and other documents, as well as the Wrights' collection of glass-plate photographic negatives.
(1897-1928) Wright Brothers Negatives Browse 303 glass plate negatives, mostly taken by the Wright brothers, that document their new flying machines, laboratory, engines, models, experimental planes, runways, flights, accidents, family portraits, buildings and landscapes.
memory.loc.gov /learn/features/flight/wright.html   (250 words)

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