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Topic: Xenophon

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  Xenophon - LoveToKnow 1911
XENOPHON, Greek historian and philosophical essayist, the son of Gryllus, was born at Athens about 430 B.c 1 He belonged to an equestrian family of the deme of Erchia.
Xenophon, like Caesar, tells the story in the third person, and there is a straightforward manliness about the style, with a distinct flavour of a cheerful lightheartedness, which at once enlists our sympathies.
Xenophon was a man of great personal beauty and considerable intellectual gifts; but he was of too practical a nature to take an interest in abstruse philosophical speculation.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Xenophon   (2234 words)

  Xenophon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Xenophon's query to the oracle, however, was not whether or not to accept Cyrus' invitation, but "to which of the gods he must pray and do sacrifice, so that he might best accomplish his intended journey and return in safety, with good fortune." So the oracle told him which gods to pray and sacrifice to.
Xenophon’s historical account in the Anabasis is one of the first written accounts of an analysis of the characters of a leader and an example of a type of leadership analysis that has come to be known as Great man theory.
Xenophon died at Corinth, or perhaps Athens, and his date of death is uncertain; it is known only that he survived his patron Agesilaus, for whom he wrote an encomium.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Xenophon   (834 words)

 Xenophon [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Proxenus, a friend of Xenophon, was already with Cyrus, and he invited Xenophon to come to Sardis, and promised to introduce him to the Persian prince.
Xenophon, who was very poor, mad an expedition into the plain of the Caicus with his troops before they joined Thimbrou, to plunder the house and property of a Persian named Asidates.
Xenophon continues, though, maintaining that Socrates was not unversed in mathematical and astronomical subjects.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/x/xenophon.htm   (1787 words)

 Xenophon - Wikipedia
In deze verscheurende oorlog stond de jonge Xenophon, omdat hij een aristocraat was en dus voorstander van een oligarchische staatsvorm, eerder aan de kant van de Spartaansgezinden.
Nadat Cyrus in de strijd gesneuveld was, nam Xenophon op algemeen verzoek de leiding van de ver van huis aan hun lot overgelaten Griekse huurlingen op zich, en bracht hen na jarenlange omzwervingen behouden terug in Griekenland.
Xenophon typeert Cyrus (niet dezelfde persoon als de gelijknamige hoofdfiguur in de Anábasis!) als de ideale vorst, en gebruikt hem om zijn eigen opvattingen over opvoeding, politieke en militaire aangelegenheden aan de man te brengen.
nl.wikipedia.org /wiki/Xenophon   (1118 words)

 Xenophon: On the Art of Horsemanship
Xenophon gives almost no information on this process, saying only that it is the master's responsibility to outline the skills a young horse must learn, and the period of time in which he must learn them.
Xenophon next describes the means by which one can ask a horse to move forward most impressively--that is, by holding him back with the reins but urging him forward with the legs, resulting in the horse lifting his legs high in front of him.
Xenophon admonishes the rider to have well-fitted armor and encourages that the left arm--which holds the reins--be well-shielded, while the right arm and the rider's midsection should be armored in such a way that leaves them flexible but protected.
angelsfall.eshire.net /horse/onhorsemanship.htm   (2723 words)

 Anabasis (Xenophon) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Xenophon accompanied the Ten Thousand, a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger, who intended to seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II.
Xenophon played an instrumental role in encouraging the Greek army of 10,000 to march north to the Black Sea.
Since most of Xenophon's narrative is taken up with the march from the interior of Babylon to the Black Sea, the title is something of a misnomer.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anabasis_(Xenophon)   (357 words)

Among Xenophon's other works are Hellenica, a continuation of Thucydides' history of Greek affairs from 411 to 362 B.C., the Memorabilia of Socrates, and the Cyropedia (Education of Cyrus), a historical novel about Cyrus the Elder, the founder of the Persian empire.
Xenophon was born in Attica into a land-owning family of moderate oligarchs.
Xenophon's elegant style, clear and straightforward, sometimes rhetorical, is much admired, but at the same time he has not been regarded as a thinker.
www.classicreader.com /author.php/aut.208   (1230 words)

 XENOPHON - LoveToKnow Article on XENOPHON   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-30)
At the suggestion of Socrates, Xenophon went to Delphi to consult the oracle; but his mind was already made up, and he at once proceeded to Sardis, the place of rendezvous.
Xenophon became the leading spirit of the army; he was elected an officer, and he it was who mainly directed the retreat.
At Cotyora he aspired to found a new colony; but the idea, not being unanimously accepted, was abandoned, and ultimately Xenophon with his Greeks arrived at Chrysopolis [Scutari] on the Bosporus, opposite Byzantium.
51.1911encyclopedia.org /X/XE/XENOPHON.htm   (381 words)

 Xenophon - Encyclopedia.com
After the Greek generals had been treacherously killed by the Persians, Xenophon was chosen as one of the leaders of the heroic retreat.
After his return Xenophon, a great admirer of the military, disciplined, and aristocratic life of the Spartans, was in the service of Sparta.
Xenophon's Philosophic Odyssey: On the Anabasis and Plato's Republic.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Xenophon.html   (1196 words)

 Malaspina Great Books - Xenophon (444 BCE)
Xenophon, whose name literally means "strange sound," was an Athenian knight, an associate of Socrates,; who is known for his chronicles of a mercenary expedition against Persia and the subsequent history of Greece.
Xenophon, like Caesar, tells the story in the third person, and there is a straightforward manliness about the style, with a distinct flavour of a cheerful lightheartedness, which at once enlists our sympathies.
Xenophon was a man of great personal beauty and considerable intellectual gifts; but he was of too practical a nature to take an interest in abstruse philosophical speculation.
www.malaspina.org /home.asp?topic=./search/details&lastpage=./search/results&ID=91   (2436 words)

 Xenophon Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-30)
While a young man Xenophon participated in the expedition led by Cyrus against his older brother, the emperor Artaxerxes II of Persian.
Xenophon's record of this expedition and the journey home was titled Anabasis ("Expedition" or "The March Up Country" which carries in greek the same connotations as in English).
Xenophon's writings are often read by beginning Greek language students.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/x/xe/xenophon.html   (279 words)

 Dressage World: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-30)
Xenophon's men rode stallions into battle because they were thought to be braver showing more aptitude for pirouetting, leaping, turning, and moving sideways.
Xenophon did not approve of the chair seat adapted by the nomadic tribes of Asia.
The important voices of Xenophon, Gueriniere, and Baucher echo over 2500 years of experience and skill and that the only way to achieve lightness, balance, and harmony is to progress methodically, humanely, and keep the horse happy and proud in his work.
www.worlddressage.com /history.htm   (2011 words)

Xenophon (approximately 434 BC to 355 BC) was a Greek soldier and an historian.
The war went wrong, all the commanders were killed and Xenophon as chosen as leader.
This made Xenophon financially independent and he was able to retire from fighting.
www.tattooarchive.com /history/xenophon.htm   (171 words)

 Literary Encyclopedia: Xenophon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-30)
Xenophon's creation of a conversation between Perikles and Alcibiades (1.2.41-46) is the kind of unhistorical treatment of definitions that would have engaged classical intellectuals.
Xenophon uses the character of Perikles to embody the dilemma of the Athenian: the thinker, subtle in his youth, has grown to a mature weariness, a symptom of the problems faced by Greek philosophy and of the general disillusionment that welled up in many Greek intellectuals after the defeat by Sparta in 404.
Xenophon's attempt to bring realism to the figure of Socrates continues in his Symposion (“Banquet”), a snapshot of a drinking party in Athens.
www.literaryencyclopedia.com /php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=4824   (683 words)

 Xenophon - History for Kids!
Xenophon, like Thucydides, was an Athenian from a rich family who lived during the Peloponnesian War, in the 400's BC.
Xenophon (ZEN-oh-fahn) also had a lot of family connections to people from Sparta, and he thought the Spartans were doing a lot of things right.
Xenophon's description of Socrates is the most detailed one we have after the one by Plato.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/greeks/literature/xenophon.htm   (375 words)

 ongoing · Xenophon
Xenophon was a bit nervous about the fact that the mercenaries’; mission was ambiguous, and with good reason, as Cyrus immediately launched a civil war against Artaxerxes.
Xenophon’s coverage of the events is quite a bit less memorable; his lengthy portrayal of Socrates’; many virtues can drag a little, here and there.
But Xenophon was apparently an admirer of Athens’; deadly enemy Sparta, and he spent much of his exile there as a gentleman and soldier; his exile was revoked in 383 and he returned to Athens in 365.
www.tbray.org /ongoing/When/200x/2003/10/27/Xeonophon   (1013 words)

 Ethics of Socrates, Xenophon, and Plato by Sanderson Beck
Xenophon answered the charge that Critias and Alcibiades, who had been in the circle of Socrates, did great harm to Athens by saying that they were the most ambitious of men and were determined to have as much control over the state as they could; but while they were with Socrates, they were self-disciplined.
Xenophon believed that Athens was capable of producing enough revenue in a fair way by treating the resident aliens better, maintaining peace, increasing harbor and market taxes, and by the state purchasing more slaves to work the silver mines.
Xenophon concluded his essay by suggesting that his proposal be presented to the gods at the Delphic oracle so that it could be carried out with their help.
www.san.beck.org /EC21-Socrates.html   (23097 words)

 Xenophon Atheniensis: Bibliographie
Xenophon; Xenophon/ Agesilaos; Diodor/ Agesilaos; Plutarch/ Agesilaos;
Xenophon; Xenophon/ Feldherrnrede; Feldherr, gr./ Schlachtfeld, Verhalten auf; 3.4.
Xenophon; Xenophon/ Cicero;; Imperialismus, röm.;;; Berenike; Corbulo; 5.6.4.; Bourgogne; 5.8.; Alesia/ gall.
www.geocities.com /frschuffert/bote_a2d_xenophon_bib.html   (3309 words)

 XENOPHON'S CYRUS THE GREAT: The Arts of Leadership and War
By common consent, Xenophon is a sage of such magnitude that he need only be compared with history’s foremost thinkers on leadership, and he emerges from such comparisons with added stature.
The timeless insights of Socrates and Xenophon, as dramatized in the career of Cyrus the Great, will help us be better leaders in the office, in the home, and in all aspects of our lives.
The particular advantage of Xenophon’s classic is its freedom from the taint of many contemporary leaders whose selfish methods have resulted in dismal days for thwarted employees, tremendous losses for angry stockholders, and gouging prices for the exploited masses.
home.att.net /~larry-hedrick/cyrus.htm   (740 words)

 Xenophon - Wikipedia
Xenophon gehörte in seiner Jugend zum Schülerkreis um den Philosophen Sokrates und stand den oligarchischen Kreisen Athens nahe.
Xenophon (der eher aus Abenteuerlust einen Freund begleitet hatte) ermutigte jedoch die Truppe zum Abmarsch auf der gefährlichen Nordroute ("Zug der Zehntausend") durch Anatolien (harte Kämpfe mit den dort ansässigen Karduchen) und führte sie als gewählter strategos (~ Feldherr) mit an.
Nach dem Justizmord an seinem Lehrmeister Sokrates wandte sich Xenophon von seiner Vaterstadt Athen ab und wurde ein Freund des spartanischen Königs Agesilaos, kämpfte auch mit ihm gegen seine Heimat Athen, in die er lange nicht zurückkehren durfte.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Xenophon   (495 words)

 Plato on Xenophon
This attack involves disrupting the dramatic unity of the work, for Socrates criticizes a speech which was not made at the party Xenophon describes, but at a different party, described by Plato, with a later dramatic date.
Instead, Plato derived his speech of Phaedrus from Xenophon's Critobulus, altering and distorting it on the way to such an extent that Xenophon was forced to respond.
But if Xenophon wrote first, this possibility cannot be dismissed; and if it is correct, it suggests a surprising method by which Plato could indicate the names of his rivals.
www.apaclassics.org /AnnualMeeting/05mtg/abstracts/danzig.html   (434 words)

 Classical Period - Politics
After the battle of Cunaxa and death of Cyrus (401), Xenophon assumed responsibility for the retreat of the Hellene mercenaries to Hellas.
With Agesilaus Xenophon fought at Coronea in 394, against a broad anti-Spartan coalition led by Athens and Thebes.
The defeat of Sparta by Thebes at the battle of Leuctra (371) obliged Xenophon to move to Corinth.
www.fhw.gr /chronos/05/en/culture/2150xenophon.html   (382 words)

 Classical Period - Politics
In the Anabasis, Xenophon is relating events he himself played a part in - hence the many geographical and ethnographic details.
Xenophon's fondness for Sparta led him to investigate the Spartan state in his book the Constitution of the Spartans.
Xenophon admired him and was influenced by him.
www.fhw.gr /chronos/05/en/culture/2151xenofon_erga.html   (676 words)

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