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Topic: Xerxes

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In the News (Sun 23 Jun 19)

Xerxes became king of Persia at the death of his father Darius the Great in 485, at a time when his father was preparing a new expedition against Greece and had to face an uprising in Egypt (Herodotus' Histories, VII, 1-4).
It didn't meet resistance until it reached Thessalia, where the Persian army defeated the Spartans and their allies at the pass of Thermopylæ while, on sea, neither the Persian nor the Athenian fleet could win the decision in the battle that took place near Cape Artemisium, along the northern coast of the island of Euboea.
In the Laws, Plato compares Xerxes to Cambyses in that, as him, he was victim of his education at the court, unlike his father Darius, who was not a son of king (Laws, III, 695c-e).
plato-dialogues.org /tools/char/xerxes.htm   (0 words)

  Xerxes Knox, Private, Company G, 3rd Iowa Cavalry in the Civil War
Xerxes is noted as "Present" on the Company Muster Roll with a remark: "Stoppage {of pay} for 1 picket-pin and lariat lost on the march from Pilot Knob, Missouri to Little Rock, Arkansas." Xerxes is also recorded on a Detachment Muster Roll for these months showing that he was stationed at Little Rock.
Xerxes requests an increase in his pension "...on the grounds that his present rating is incommensurate with the degree of incapacity" via the firm of Taber & Whitman, Attorneys at Law in Washington, D.C. His request is denied.
Xerxes' pension is increased to $15 a month due to a new payment schedule by an Act of Congress dated February 6, 1907.
www.oz.net /~cyndihow/xerxes.htm   (4664 words)

  Xerxes I
Xerxes I, was a Persian king (reigned 485 - 465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty.
This probably was the reason why Xerxes in 484 BC abolished the Kingdom of Babel[?] and took away the golden statue of Bel (Marduk, Merodach), the hands of which the legitimate king of Babel had to seize on the first day of each year, and killed the priest who tried to hinder him.
But Xerxes was induced by the astute message of Themistocles (against the advice of Artemisia[?] of Halicarnassus) to attack the Greek fleet under unfavourable conditions, instead of sending a part of his ships to the Peloponnesus and awaiting the dissolution of the Greek armament.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/xe/Xerxes_the_Great.html   (813 words)

  Xerxes I of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Xerxes I (Persian: خشایارشاه, 'Khashâyâr Shâh'), was a Persian Emperor (Shahanshah) (reigned 485 - 465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty.
Xerxes, son of Darius the Great and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great, was appointed King of Persia by his father in preference to his elder half-brothers, who were born before Darius had become king.
But Xerxes was induced by the astute message of Themistocles (against the advice of Artemisia of Halicarnassus) to attack the Greek fleet under unfavourable conditions, instead of sending a part of his ships to the Peloponnesus and awaiting the dissolution of the Greek armament.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Xerxes_I   (841 words)

 Xerxes - LoveToKnow 1911   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Xerxes son of Darius I. and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great, and therefore appointed successor to his father in preference to his eldest half-brothers, who were born before Darius had become king (Herod.
From 483 Xerxes prepared his expedition with great care: a channel was dug through the isthmus of the peninsula of Mount Athos; provisions were stored in the stations on the road through Thrace; two bridges were thrown across the Hellespont.
Xerxes II., son and successor of Artaxerxes was assassinated in 4 24 after a reign of forty-five days by his brother Secydianus or Sogdianus, who in his turn was murdered by Darius II.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Xerxes   (707 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Xerxes I of Persia
Xerxes I (خشایارشاه), was a Persian king (reigned 485 - 465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty.
This probably was the reason why Xerxes in 484 BC abolished the Kingdom of Babel and took away the golden statue of Bel (Marduk, Merodach), the hands of which the legitimate king of Babel had to seize on the first day of each year, and killed the priest who tried to hinder him.
The Queen consort of Xerxes was actually Amestris, daughter to Otanes and first cousin to Cambyses II of Persia and Smerdis of Persia.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Xerxes_I_of_Persia   (767 words)

 Xerxes Biography (Royalty) — Infoplease.com
Xerxes retreated to his palace in Persepolis, leaving behind an occupying army which was defeated by the Greeks shortly thereafter.
Persia remained a formidable nation but Xerxes withdrew from active life, devoting himself to what Herodotus called "the intrigues of the harem." 15 years later Xerxes was stabbed to death, probably by his subordinate Artabanus, and was succeeded by his son Artaxerxes.
Xerxes was also ruler of Egypt, the third ruler of that country's 27th dynasty.
www.infoplease.com /biography/var/xerxes.html   (420 words)

 Xerxes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Xerxes (the Greek form of the Persian Khshayārsha) is the name of two Persian kings of the Achaemenid dynasty:
Xerxes, an Armenian king, killed about 212 BC by Antiochus III the Great.
Xerxes, a character in Frank Herbert's Dune universe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Xerxes   (139 words)

 Xerxes: Biography of Xerxes
Xerxes, after having subdued the rebellious Egyptians, and appointed Achaemenes governor, gave his whole attention to the completion of the preparations begun by his father, which occupied nearly four years.
Little more is known of the personal history of Xerxes, except that, in 465 B.C., he was murdered by Artabanus, who aspired to the throne, and was succeeded by his own son, Artaxerxes.
From all that is known of Xerxes, he appears to have been utterly ignoble in character, vain-glorious, licentious, cruel and cowardly.
www.sacklunch.net /biography/X/Xerxes.html   (660 words)

 Cappuccino | Persian Online Magazine | Iran during the reign of Xerxes
We know that although Darius died in Persepolis, the official accession ceremonies of Xerxes were conducted at the Apadana palace of Susa, and that city became the de facto capital of the Achaemenid Empire during the reign of Xerxes.
Xerxes’ strong religious beliefs also caused the alienation of the Egyptian clergy when he refused to be crowned with the Egyptian traditions and with the blessing of the god “Amon-Ra”.
Xerxes in turn took the Persepolis cause to his heart and built no less than three palaces, as well as the famous staircases, the Gate of All Nations, and the building known as the Treasury.
www.cappuccinomag.com /iranologyenglish/001432.shtml   (2545 words)

Xerxes was on a conquest and after bringing Egypt back under Persian rule, he struck out to invade Greece.
Xerxes built a bridge of boats, but as fate would have it, a storm came up and the bridge was destroyed.
Xerxes the Great did invade Greece and sacked Athens but after the defeat of his fleet in the Battle of Salamis (480), as seen in the illustration here, he was not able to supply his army.
www.tattooarchive.com /history/xerxes.htm   (281 words)

 History of Iran: Xerxes (Khashayar Shah)
Xerxes then broke with the policy followed by Cyrus The Great and Darius of ruling foreign lands with a fairly light hand and, in a manner compatible with local traditions, ruthlessly ignored Egyptian forms of rule and imposed his will on the rebellious province in a thoroughly Persian style.
Xerxes, who had by then been away from Asia rather long for a king with such widespread responsibilities, returned home and left Mardonius in charge of further operations.
Xerxes probably lost interest in the proceedings and sank deeper and deeper into the comforts of life in his capital cities of Susa, Ecbatana, and Persepolis.
www.iranchamber.com /history/xerxes/xerxes.php   (480 words)

 The Baldwin Project: Xerxes by Jacob Abbott
Xerxes was silent, thoughtful, and oppressed apparently with a sense of anxious concern.
It happened, in accordance with this general law, that, as soon as the thoughts of Xerxes were once turned toward an escape from Greece, his fears increased, and his mind became more and morn the prey of a rest- [290] less uneasiness and anxiety lest he should not be able to effect his escape.
There were some small boats at hand, and Xerxes, embarking in one of them, with a few attendants in the others, and leaving the exhausted and wretched remnant of his army behind, was rowed across the strait, and landed at last safely again on the Asiatic shores.
www.mainlesson.com /display.php?author=abbott&book=xerxes&story=persia   (2867 words)

Xerxes was astonished to see that this puny force of Greeks intended to challenge his giant army.
Xerxes fumed for three days, hoping for the arrival of his fleet, which he thought might be able to sail in behind the Greek position and launch an attack from the sea.
Xerxes soon realized that he faced an impasse similar to the one that had frustrated his early attempts to force the pass at Thermopylae.
www.oldnewspublishing.com /xerxes.htm   (1991 words)

 Xerxes Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography
Xerxes (reigned 486-465 BC), a king of Persia, made an unsuccessful effort to conquer Greece in 480-479, suffering a major naval defeat at the Battle of Salamis.
Xerxes was the son of Darius I and Atossa, daughter of Cyrus I. When Xerxes succeeded his father, Egypt was already in revolt and troubles soon broke out in Babylon; further, there was still pending the matter of the Greeks, where the Persian defeat at Marathon called for vengeance.
Xerxes returned to Asia-not in the flight the Greeks later loved to picture but to protect his communications--leaving his general Mardonius with a still large force to complete the conquest.
www.bookrags.com /biography/xerxes   (538 words)

 Xerxes II of Persia: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Xerxes II was a Persian Persia quick summary:
Xerxes apparently succeeded to the throne but two of his illegitimate brothers claimed it for themselves.
The achaemenid dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient persian empire, including cyrus ii the great, darius idarius the great and xerxes i....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/x/xe/xerxes_ii_of_persia1.htm   (1073 words)

As the son of a usurper of the throne of Persia, he was under some pressure to maintain the legitimacy of his dynasty.
Xerxes understood he would need a strong navy to fulfill his ambitions.
At the battle of Salamis, Xerxes determined to be on shore behind his own fleet to make certain his commands were obeyed and that his commanders were properly inspired.
www.indepthinfo.com /salamis/xerxes.shtml   (449 words)

 Xerxes   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Xerxes is already betrothed to a foreign princess, but he has fallen in love (into love) with his brother's girlfriend, Romilda, whose sister, Atalanta, is in turn in love with Xerxes's brother, Arsamene.
Xerxes is sung by a woman, Arsamene by a counter-tenor whose tessitura lies higher than the low-lying music of Xerxes's fiancée, who is disguised as a man. When Arsamene's comic manservant disguises himself as a flower-selling crone, he underlines the comedy of all the gender confusion.
Xerxes was of one of Handel's last Italian operas before his major move into English oratorio.
www.bostonphoenix.com /alt1/archive/music/reviews/03-14-96/XERXES.html   (1558 words)

 Ancient History Sourcebook: Herodotus: Xerxes Invades Greece, from The Histories
Xerxes, after this, made preparations to advance to Abydos, where the bridge across the Hellespont from Asia to Europe was lately finished.
Upon this, Xerxes, who had no means of surmising the truth- namely, that the Spartans were preparing to do or die manfully- but thought it laughable that they should be engaged in such employments, sent and called to his presence Demaratus the son of Ariston, who still remained with the army.
When he appeared, Xerxes told him all that he had heard, and questioned him concerning the news, since he was anxious to understand the meaning of such behaviour on the part of the Spartans.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/ancient/herodotus-xerxes.html   (6293 words)

 Observer Newspaper - Scene   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The real Xerxes I of Persia was, in fact, the younger of the two sons of Darius I and named heir apparent, much to his brother's chagrin.
Xerxes, infatuated by Romilda, attempts to woo her but finds out that she is in love with his brother Arsamenes (played by graduate student Michelle Holden).
When Xerxes returns and discovers his brother in matrimony with the object of his affections, he demands that Romilda kill herself for being unfaithful.
www.nd.edu /~observer/03262001/Scene/0.html   (1742 words)

 A Commentary on Xerxes
Note that Xerxes is not given an Egyptian name like Cambyses did, so he makes no attempt to claim that he was an Egyptian pharaoh.
Xerxes calls together all the advisors from the empire - notably Artabanus, Darius's brother who is used by Herodotus as the mouth piece for caution.
Xerxes starts preparation in 481 where he does two things: mobilises his army and it assembles in Cappadocia.
www.herodotuswebsite.co.uk /xerxes.htm   (0 words)

 Serse (Xerxes)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Xerxes sings in praise of a tree's shade, while the voice of Romilda is heard.
She is loved by Arsamene, but Xerxes resolves to marry her, to the relief of Atalanta, who also loves Arsamene, while Amastre, disguised as a man and deserted by Xerxes, looks for revenge.
Atalanta's pretence that Arsamene really loves her and the insistence of Xerxes on marrying Romilda cause a series of complications, enlivened by the comic servant Elviro.
naxos.com /NewDesign/fintro.files/bintro.files/operas/Serse(Xerxes).htm   (172 words)

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