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Topic: Xiang (linguistics)

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

 Xiang (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Despite being a distinct language family, the Xiang languages at large are close to the Wu languages because of the voiced obstruents and to Mandarin because of the grammatical and lexical influence it has on the Xiang languages, notably the new Xiang languages, which reminds us of a similar linguistic situation of the Hangzhou dialect.
Xiang is spoken by over 36 million people in China, primarily in the central and southwestern parts of the Hunan province, over 20 counties in Sichuan, the 4 counties of Quánzhōu (全州), Guànyáng (灌陽), Zīyuán (資源) and Xīngān (興安) in northern Guangxi and parts of Guangdong.
Old Xiang, aside from having preserved the Middle Chinese obstruents, is also spoken in the southern regions and New Xiang in the north, therefore more heavily influenced by Mandarin than the Old Xiang languages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Xiang_(linguistics)   (585 words)

 Table of contents for A synchronic and diachronic study of the grammar of the Chinese Xiang dialects
Morphology and its evolution in the Xiang dialects 72 1.
The lexicon of the Xiang dialects 72 1.1.
Affixation and its evolution in the Xiang dialects 81 2.1.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip058/2005005108.html   (1644 words)

 Chinese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Linguistically, the situation is comparable to that of Romance languages, which are mutually unintelligible but all derive from Latin and so share many common underlying features.
As with many areas that were linguistically diverse for a long time, it is not always clear whether the speech of a particular area of China should be considered a language in its own right or a dialect of another.
Most linguists classify all of the variations of Chinese as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family and believe that there was an original language, called Proto-Sino-Tibetan, similar to Proto Indo-European, from which the Sinitic and Tibeto-Burman languages descended. /wiki/index.php/Chinese_language   (6835 words)

 Chinese language - Free net encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
As with many areas that were linguistically diverse for a long time, it is not always clear how the speeches of various parts of China should be classified.
From a purely descriptive point of view, "languages" and "dialects" are simply arbitrary groups of similar idiolects, and the distinction is irrelevant to linguists who are only concerned with describing regional speeches scientifically.
The presence of Mandarin in Sìchuān is largely due to a plague in the 12th century.
www.netipedia.com /index.php/Chinese_language   (6059 words)

 Qwika - similar:Wu_(linguistics)
Xiang (湘语) Spoken in: China Region: Hunan Total speakers: 36 million Ranking: 30 Language family: Sino-Tibetan Chinese Xiang Language codes ISO 639-1: zh ISO 639-2: chi (B) zho (T) ISO/DIS 639-3: hsn Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.
These two terms are mostly used in Mainland and Taiwan, respectively, referring to subgroups of the population known as the Han Chinese, whose mother tongue are languages of the Sinitic linguistic family, and who do not belong to one of People's Republic of China's 55 official minority ethnic groups of China.
Alternative meaning: Hunan King Xiang of Xia of China (Chinese: "相;"), is the name of a Xia dynasty ruler king who reigned during the 3rd millennium BC.
www.qwika.com /rels/Wu_(linguistics)   (1400 words)

 LINGUIST List 17.107: Lang Description/Historical Ling: Wu (2005)
the Xiang dialects the negative adverb derived from a verb with a
Xiang dialects is that both disposal and passive markers in the Xiang
the grammar of the Xiang dialects spoken in Hunan.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/17/17-107.html   (2269 words)

 What is Linguistics?
Linguistics can often supply facts which help people arrive at a recommendation or value judgement, but the recommendation or value judgement is not part of linguistic science itself.
Recently linguists such as Joseph Greenberg and Vitalij Shevoroshkin have attracted attention both in linguistic circles and in the popular press with claims of larger genetic units, such as Nostratic (comprising Indo-European, Uralic, Altaic, Dravidian, and Afroasiatic) or Amerind (to include all the languages of the New World except Na-Dene and Eskimo-Aleut).
When linguists say that languages are related, they're not just remarking on their surface similarity; they're making a technical statement or claim about their history-- namely, that they can be regularly derived from a common parent language.
faculty.ed.umuc.edu /~jmatthew/langFAQ.htm   (4159 words)

 Centre for East Asian Studies: CEAS Core Staff: Catherine Xiang
Catherine Hua Xiang (M. Ed) is currently the Mandarin Chinese Co-ordinator at the Language Centre and she is responsible for setting up the Mandarin Chinese modules on the new MSc in East Asian Studies.
She is currently undertaking her Ph.D. in the area of cross-cultural communication and pragmatics at the Open University, with a particular focus on the Chinese and British English language and culture.
She is the representative of BAAL for the postgraduate Cambridge Linguistics Association.
www.bris.ac.uk /ceas/members/core/xiang.shtml   (255 words)

 Walter de Gruyter - A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
This is the first book in Chinese linguistics which discusses the grammar of a dialect group, in this case the Xiang dialect spoken in Hunan, from both a synchronic and diachronic prespective.
Thus, the grammatical constructions in different localities of the Xiang dialect group often provide a bridge connecting the constructions of northern and southern Chinese, or Modern Chinese and Chinese of earlier periods.
This book is of interest to scholars and students who are working on grammar, dialectology, historical linguistics, comparative linguistics, typological linguistics, and grammaticalization, as well as those researchers focusing on language policy, language acquisition, and education.
www.degruyter.de /rs/bookSingle.cfm?isbn=3-11-018366-8&fg=SK&L=E   (353 words)

 Qwika - similar:Cantonese_(linguistics)
(Discuss) A feature of linguistic analysis common to many languages around the world (though rare in Europe and the Middle East) is tonality.
The tone of a word is a high-low pitch pattern permanently associated with it.
Although it is a very debated subject, some linguists consider them to be part of the Altaic language phylum, which, if it actually exists as a genetic entity, also includes the Turkic and Mongolic language families.
www.qwika.com /rels/Cantonese_(linguistics)   (1432 words)

 Taiwanese (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Conventional linguistic analysis describes the tones on a five-point scale, with 1 being the lowest pitch and 5 the highest.
Modern linguistic studies (by Robert L. Cheng and Chin-An Li, for example) estimate that most (75 % to 90 %) Taiwanese words have cognates in other Chinese languages.
Linguistic work on the syntax of Taiwanese is still a (quite nascent) scholarly topic being explored.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Taiwanese_(linguistics)   (4500 words)

 LINGUIST List 17.2264: General Ling/USA; Historical Ling/Japan
As a matter of policy, LINGUIST discourages the use of abbreviations or acronyms in conference announcements unless they are explained in the text.
The Department of Linguistics at the University of Chicago is pleased to invite
The theme of the conference is historical English linguistics in general.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/17/17-2264.html   (455 words)

 LINGUIST List 16.1319: Hist Ling/Socioling/Typology, Chinese, Xiang: Wu
Julia Ulrich, A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects: Wu
Message 1: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects: Wu
the methods and theories of historical linguistics and grammaticalization.
linguistlist.org /issues/16/16-1319.html   (377 words)

 Marjorie Chan's ChinaLinks 3
This annual Chinese linguistics conference was initiated at The Ohio State University as an annual Northeast Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NECCL).
TJL is an international journal dedicated to the publication of research papers on linguistics and welcomes contributions in all areas of the scientific study of language.
The Linguist List is another informative site for conference announcements, call for papers, etc. The various isssues of the online Bulletin of the Linguistic Society of America (LSA) also provide information on upcoming linguistics conferences.
chinalinks.osu.edu /c-links3.htm   (7180 words)

 chinese_language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The mountainous southern part of China displays more linguistic diversity than the flat North China.
This composition is what is known as a cí (/), and more closely resembles the traditional Western definition of a word.
Most linguists classify all of the variations of Chinese as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family and believe that there was an original language, called Proto-Sino-Tibetan, analogous to Proto-Indo-European, from which the Sinitic and Tibeto-Burman languages descended.
www.toptraveladvisors.com /wiki/?title=Chinese_language   (5531 words)

 Doug Jones at MIT
He received A.B. and A.M. degrees in Linguistics from Stanford University in 1987 and 1988 specializing in computational phonology.
The main focus of his research is leveraging the inherent structure of linguistic patterns for the design of large-scale human language processing systems.
In his position at Lincoln, he is integrating text processing techniques into speech processing applications, investigating new techniques for machine translation evaluation, and applying results from speech metadata extraction to spoken dialog systems for cognitive systems.
www.mit.edu /~dajones   (1141 words)

Professor Hilary Chappell gained her PhD in Linguistics from the Australian National University in 1984 for a semantic analysis of major syntactic constructions in Standard Mandarin.
During 1985-1986, she was a Humboldt Research Fellow at the University of Cologne and worked on the project Sprachliche Universalienforschung und Typologie (Language Universals and Typology) headed by Prof.
She is currently Senior Lecturer in the Linguistics Department at La Trobe University in Melbourne where she has taught since 1987.
socrates.berkeley.edu /~jcl2/hilary.htm   (338 words)

Associate Professor of Linguistics, Dept. of Linguistics and Germanic, Slavic, Asian and African Languages.
In a number of experiments we show that syntactic parallelism facilitates processing of coordinate structures, but that the parallelism effect extends into the internal syntax of the conjuncts themselves, and argues against specific grammatical restrictions on identity of syntactic category in coordination.
In collborative work with Ming Xiang, Cristina Schmitt and Fernanda Ferreira, I have studied garden path sentences in Chinese and the influence of null objects in processing Chinese sentences.
www.msu.edu /user/amunn/research.html   (1451 words)

 Qwika - similar:Chinese_language
The writing system is considered to have also been a unifying force for much of Chinese history, transcending differences in spok...
For treatment of the various forms of spoken Chinese, see Chinese spoken languages.
Map of Linguistic Groups (showing arees under effective control of the People's Republic of China (including Hong Kong and Macau) and Republic of China combined) The different ethnic groups in China speak a great variety of languages, called the Zhōngguó Yǔwén (中国语文), meaning...
www.qwika.com /rels/Category:Chinese_language   (1496 words)

 Colin Phillips home page
My research combines theoretical linguistics with language processing, language acquisition and neurolinguistics, with the primary focus on how the human mind/brain makes rapid and effortless language understanding possible.
The ultimate objective is to be able to seamlessly integrate models of language, from high-level theoretical models all the way down to the neurophysiological level.
Linguistics in Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics (U. of Basque Country, Summer 2002); Linguistics in Cognitive Science (Georgetown U., Spring 2002)
www.ling.umd.edu /colin   (193 words)

 Xiang — Infoplease.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
543,100), central Hunan prov., China, on the Xiang River, at the...
Dongting - Dongting or Tungting, shallow lake, Hunan prov., SE China; one of China's largest lakes.
Tug of war.(pandas Mei Xiang and Tian Tian at the Smithsonian Zoo)
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0852891.html   (235 words)

 Ethnologue report for language code:hsn
Linguistically between Mandarin and Wu Chinese and marginally intelligible with them.
Sufficiently bilingual in Standard Chinese to use that literature.
This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
www.ethnologue.com /show_language.asp?code=hsn   (67 words)

 www.chineselanguage.org :: View topic - Chinese writing system
It can refer to Mandarin as a modern sense of it being the national language of China, but not in the linguistics sense of "Hanyu", that is the name of a family of Chinese languages embracing Mandarin, Wu, Hakka, Min, Xiang, Gan, Yue etc......
In the linguistics sense, the "name of a family of Chinese languages" that have an official long character term, "Hanyu-yuxi 漢語語系" not the name of "Hanyu 漢語 or the linguistic term, Hanyu-yuyan 漢語語言 (Han Language)".
Chinese or "Sinitic" is a family of languages, of which Mandarin, Wu, Xiang, Gan, Min, Hakka, and Yue are separate languages.
chinalanguage.com /forums/viewtopic.php?p=14543&...   (2659 words)

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