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Topic: Youth Criminal Justice Act

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In the News (Mon 18 Mar 19)

  Youth Criminal Justice Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Youth Criminal Justice Act is a piece of Canadian legislation passed in 2002 that determines the way in which youths are prosecuted under Canada's criminal justice system.
The YCJA replaced the controversial Young Offenders Act which had previously regulated youth crime in Canada.
Youth Criminal Justice Act from Department of Justice Canada.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Youth_Criminal_Justice_Act   (229 words)

 The Youth Criminal Justice Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Youths have to spend the last third of their placement and supervision order in the community, and judges are prohibited from increasing the length of the orders to allow for more placement time.
However, had this provision in the YCJA been inspired by a real concern for rehabilitation, the act would not have replicated the automatism of adult criminal justice; it would not have provided for the automatic release of youths in the community after two-thirds of their sentence, irrespective of whether they are ready or not.
The YCJA was seen as tending to transform youth justice according to a criminal justice model where the offence had a more central place and where the attempt to aim at such goals as education and rehabilitation would find more obstacles on their way, which conflicted with what Quebec had built over the years.
www.utpjournals.com /cjccj/CJCCJ46-3article3.html   (8647 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
"youth custody facility" means a facility designated under subsection 85(2) for the placement of young persons and, if so designated, includes a facility for the secure restraint of young persons, a community residential centre, a group home, a child care institution and a forest or wilderness camp.
In either case, the judge is deemed to be a youth justice court judge and the court is deemed to be a youth justice court for the purpose of the proceeding.
the justice or youth justice court before which the hearing, trial or review is held, or the review board before which the review is held, shall advise the young person of the right to retain and instruct counsel and shall give the young person a reasonable opportunity to obtain counsel.
laws.justice.gc.ca /en/y-1.5/107076.html   (7165 words)

 RCMP Youth Criminal Justice Act - Issues Key to Law Enforcement
The Youth Criminal Justice Act is, however, subject to the federal Contraventions Act and the National Defence Act.
The importance of parents in the rehabilitation and reintegration of a YP is recognized by the Youth Criminal Justice Act and the many provisions requiring that the parent receive notice of proceedings and be given the opportunity to participate and be heard.
The Identification of Criminals Act is incorporated in the Youth Criminal Justice Act.
www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca /ycja/issues_e.htm   (3237 words)

 The Youth Criminal Justice Act: The legal procedure
The judge, or the justice of the peace, has the information or the indictment read to the young person and informs the young person of the right to retain and instruct counsel, that is, to be assisted by a lawyer.
Youth justice committees are committees of citizens appointed to assist in the administration of the Act or in any program or service for young persons.
Conferences are convened at the request of a youth justice court judge, the provincial director, a police officer, a justice of the peace, an Attorney General’s prosecutor or a youth worker for the purpose of a decision required to be made under the Act.
www.justice.gouv.qc.ca /english/publications/generale/projud-a.htm   (1074 words)

 The Youth Criminal Justice Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Under BC government youth justice policies, family group conferencing is referred to as "restorative conferencing," in part to avoid confusion with the similarly named process being piloted in child welfare practice in BC.
Section 19 of the YCJA specifies that a youth justice court judge, the provincial director, a police officer, a justice of the peace, a prosecutor, or a youth worker may convene a conference.
Regarding restorative conference involving victim and offender, BC youth justice conferencing practitioners are opposed to the attendance of lawyers and have been advised not to convene conferences with lawyers in attendance.
www.utpjournals.com /cjccj/CJCCJ46-3article6.html   (7494 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Act emphasizes that, in all cases, youth should face consequences that promote responsibility and accountability to the victim and the community and teach good values by helping the young person understand the effect of his or her actions.
An important principle in the Youth Justice Strategy is that, while young people must be held accountable for their crimes, they are also more likely than adult offenders to be rehabilitated and become law-abiding citizens.
The Youth Justice Strategy would also require police to consider all options, including informal alternatives to the court process, before laying charges and allow the provinces the flexibility to require Crown counsel to screen charges before they are laid against a youth.
canada.justice.gc.ca /en/news/nr/1999/yoaback.html   (1788 words)

 JFG Statement of the New Youth Criminal Justice Act
The new act has the potential to lower the number of girls who are jailed since it says that youth should only be jailed as a last resort.
While we are hopeful about the new act’s potential we are also seriously concerned that the act erodes privacy rights of girls, could actually increase the number of youth sentenced as adults, and makes it possible for the government to claw back legal aid money from parents (mainly single moms).
While watching youth court for over two years we have seen that girls are incarcerated very often for breaches (breaking a condition/s of their bail or probation) especially if they have a drug addiction.
www.justiceforgirls.org /publications/pos_youthcjact.html   (484 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act: Guest Experts
Her main areas of interest are the treatment of youth while in custody, and the protection of rights of young people in the Youth Justice system.
He is responsible for the analysis of criminal justice and voluntary sector issues, policies and trends, and acts as the primary spokesperson for the National Society on policy and reform matters.
She joined the federal Ministry of the Solicitor General to work on youth justice in 1983 and spent a year on secondment to the Manitoba Department of Justice in 1985.
www.epals.com /projects/justice/guest_experts.tpl?sessf=371752   (921 words)

 Bill Blaikie, Elmwood-Transcona > Youth Criminal Justice Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
There was a great sense of progress in that we had finally shed the juvenile delinquent's act and that a new day in youth criminal justice was ahead of us.
In the end no amount of youth criminal justice legislation, whether it is the Young Offender's Act or the juvenile delinquent's act or the youth criminal justice act, is going to be enough to solve our problems.
We need a strategy to deal with that which is effective and at the same time respects the fact that we do not want children under 12 to be brought, strictly speaking, within the rubric of the youth criminal justice act.
www.billblaikie.ca /ndp.php/justice/141   (860 words)

 Introduction to the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The approach taken by the YCJA is explained in the "Preamble" and a "Declaration of Principle." You should know about this approach because it will affect how you are treated by the police, the Youth Justice Court, and others involved in the system set up by the YCJA.
The YCJA applies to all young persons who are 12 to 17 years old at the time they are said to have broken a federal law.
The YCJA does not apply to truancy (absence from school without a good reason), unless you break a probation* or bail order that has a condition that you must attend school.
jfcy.org /knowYourRights/introYCJA.htm   (740 words)

 Report on the CAEFS - Youth Criminal Justice Act
Most young people self report behaviour that could result in their criminalization and those who are criminalized generally come into conflict with the law as a result of fairly minor and isolated incidents.
Rather than resort to the "adult" criminal justice context at ever earlier ages, CAEFS supports the development and enhancement of youth-positive community-based dispositional options, as well as the development of improved educational and psycho-social programs and services both in community and institutional settings.
Despite the best efforts of many to work to create positive options for youth, current legislative proposals may unfortunately divert additional resources to fund custodial options and thereby serve to diminish the pressure to create more proactive and preventative means of addressing the complex issues and concerns that contribute to the criminalization of young people.
www.elizabethfry.ca /YCJAlttr/letter.htm   (3039 words)

 Restorative Justice Online — Barnhorst, Richard. The Youth Criminal Justice Act: New Directions and ...
Major objectives of the act include reducing the use of the youth court and reducing the use of incarceration.
The YCJA emphasizes restraint, accountability, proportionality, and greater structuring of the discretion of decision makers.
Restorative justice is a theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused or revealed by criminal behaviour.
www.restorativejustice.org /articlesdb/articles/4581   (368 words)

 Dissertations, Essays on Youth Criminal Justice Act: An Era of Social Reform.
Dissertations, Essays on Youth Criminal Justice Act: An Era of Social Reform.
Youth Criminal Justice Act: An Era of Social Reform.
Youth Criminal Justice Act: An Era of Social Reform In 1984 the Young Offenders Act (YOA) was established, it replaced the Juvenile Delinquents Act (JDA) of 1908 and its core objective was to guarantee that the rights and freedoms of Canadian youth were being satisfied.
www.essayboom.com /essay/Youth_Criminal_Justice_Act_An-142408.html   (151 words)

 CAP Youth Criminal Justice Act Workshop - Suggestions
Youth participants were asked to suggest possible actions on youth justice and/or to state issues faced by communities.
This is a large contribution to youth crime as they are frustrated with their environments and the world.
I think youth that have a strong family support generally are less inclined to crime.
www.abo-peoples.org /YouthPages/YJAreview/YouthSuggest.html   (1023 words)

 CAP Youth Criminal Justice Act Workshop Summary
A personality test was conducted to familiarize youth with the types of personalities that would be encountered in any youth justice project or when dealing with young offenders.
Successful youth committees and youth justice programs require trust and leadership to be successful.
The video looks at the Canadian government’s renewal of the youth criminal justice system – told through real life stories of young people getting their lives back on track.
www.abo-peoples.org /YouthPages/YJAreview/YJAsummary.html   (2340 words)

 Get John Hamm and Paul Martin to reform the "Youth Criminal Justice Act"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
However, due to the flaws in Canada's "Youth Criminal Justice Act", and a Nova Scotia Court Judge's careless mistake, teenager was released to the community, and did another heinous act.
Due to the flaws in our "Youth Criminal Justice Act", and a Nova Scotia Court Judge violating Canadian Public Policy, a habitual youth offender was released to the public, resulting in endangerment to life and community.
Unless the Canadian "Youth Criminal Justice Act" is changed to ensure habitual youth offenders commiting major crimes such as grand theft auto are tried as adults (option Judges can use for serious crimes like murder and armed robbery), and/or automatically remanded into custody, incidents like the tragic high speed chase in Halifax will happen again.
www.jackiebarrett.ca /justice.htm   (639 words)

 YCJA Explained   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Overview section describes the context and purpose of the Act.
The Legislation section contains the full text of the YCJA and those sections of the Criminal Code referred to in the Act.
Youth court judges and justices of the peace,
canada.justice.gc.ca /en/ps/yj/repository   (144 words)

 Courts of Saskatchewan
The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) replaced the Young Offenders Act (YOA) on April 1, 2003.
Provincial Court judges sit as youth justice court judges and hold youth court in every city and circuit point in the province.
The criminal justice system for young persons, because of their age and level of maturity, must be separate from the adult system.
www.sasklawcourts.ca /?pg=pc_div_youth_justice   (548 words)

 What is the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)? - Youth Justice Committees - Corrections - Alberta Solicitor General and ...
The Act provides the authority and principles that govern how custody and community-based programs and services are offered.
The Act applies to youth aged 12 to 17 inclusive.
Section 18 of the Act authorizes the establishment of Youth Justice Committees.
www.solgen.gov.ab.ca /yjc/default.aspx?id=2736   (371 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Earn a degree or diploma from these criminal justice schools near you.
YCJA Explained contains a wealth of material on the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA), including information on: The policy goals...
For more information on the Youth Criminal Justice Act, see the Access to Justice Network at www.acjnet.org.
www.cyf.ca /index.php?C=youth-criminal-justice-act&T=0   (125 words)

 CTV.ca | Youth Criminal Justice Act highlights
6 2001 9:59 AM ET Ottawa wants to replace the Young Offenders Act with a new law, one it says is tougher and fairer.
* Expand the offences for which a youth convicted of an offence is expected to be given an adult sentence.
This means that the youth would receive a youth sentence and the youth's name would not be published; and
www.ctv.ca /servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1025815942395_21225142   (296 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act, [2002, c. 1]
Canada >> Statutes and Regulations >> Consolidated Statutes of Canada >> Youth Criminal Justice Act, [2002, c.
“youth sentence” means a sentence imposed under section 42, 51 or 59 or any of sections 94 to 96 and includes a confirmation or a variation of that sentence.
(2) A youth justice court has jurisdiction to make orders against a young person under sections 810 (recognizance — fear of injury or damage), 810.01 (recognizance — fear of criminal organization offence) and 810.2 (recognizance — fear of serious personal injury offence) of the Criminal Code.
www.canlii.org /ca/sta/y-1.5/whole.html   (6953 words)

 Criminal Justice Act 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Explanatory Notes to Acts of the UK Parliament are subject to Crown Copyright protection.
The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (Commencement No.3 and Transitional Provisions) Order 2004 © Crown Copyright 2004...
In the government of the United Kingdom, Criminal Justice Acts is a generic name for those acts of parliament that shape law and...
www.justicepassage.org /criminal-justice-act-2003.html   (134 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act Reference Page
A child grows up in an abusive alcoholic home and commits a crime, he is punished and thrown in jail, how is this young person compensated for their life of trauma.
I think that the young offenders act should stay just the way it is. Teens today get into problems themselves they do not get pushed into making wrong decisions by other people.
Youth crimes must have consequences that fit the crime, and at the same time have meaning for the young people and their victims
www.lawyers.ca /ycja/subindexbottom.htm   (817 words)

 Community Action: Youth justice law in place - General - Youth Criminal Justice Act - Brief Article
OTTAWA -- Youth Criminal Justice Act has received Royal Assent and replaces the Young Offenders Act.
The federal government has committed $1 billion over five years for cost-sharing agreements that will help provinces and territories implement the new law.
The government is also providing additional funding for innovative community-based pilot projects, partnerships and other efforts that will support the renewal of the youth justice system.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0LVZ/is_8_17/ai_84895856   (163 words)

 RCMP Youth Criminal Justice Act
The Youth Criminal Justice Act Learning Materials have been prepared with the knowledge that members will receive policy directives from the government departments responsible for policing and youth justice in each province or territory.
The Learning Materials therefore must be read in the context of all policies and directives received from the province or territory.
Sections of the Youth Criminal Justice Act of Special Interest to Law Enforcement
www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca /ycja/index_e.htm   (108 words)

 Youth Criminal Justice Act, [2002, c. 1]
Exception when youth sentence in respect of earlier offence
Functions to be exercised by youth justice court
Youth justice court, review board and other courts
www.canlii.org /ca/sta/y-1.5   (240 words)

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