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Topic: Ypres

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Ypres (Ieper in Dutch) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
The municipality comprises the city of Ypres and the towns of Boezinge[?], Dikkebus[?], Elverdinge[?], Vlamertinge[?], Voormezele[?], Zillebeke[?] and Zuidschote[?].
In Ypres, is the Menin Gate Memorial to the fallen soldiers of the war.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/yp/Ypres.html   (158 words)

 Ypres - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The municipality comprises the city of Ypres and the villages of Boezinge, Brielen, Dikkebus, Elverdinge, Hollebeke, Sint-Jan, Vlamertinge, Voormezele, Zillebeke, and Zuidschote.
Ypres is an ancient town, and is known to have been raided by the Romans in the first century BC During the Middle Ages, Ypres was a prosperous city with a population of 40,000,
Ypres was further fortified in 17th and 18th centuries while under the occupation of the Hapsburgs and the French.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ypres   (1402 words)

 Ypres, battles of - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
YPRES, BATTLES OF [Ypres, battles of] three major engagements of World War I fought in and around the town of Ypres in SW Belgium.
The attack was unsuccessful and was broken off in May. The third battle of Ypres, popularly known as Passchendaele, began on July 31, 1917, and continued until November.
Landscape and memory: Brian James revisits Ypres, where new ways of commemorating the events of the First World War are enthralling visitors of all generations.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-ypres-ba.html   (295 words)

 Ypres / Ieper, Belgium
Ypres (Flemish Ieper) is situated in the plain of West Flanders on the River Ieper (Ieperlee), a tributary of the Iser.
Ypres is the chief administrative town for the district and fulfilllls important trade and services functions.
Founded in the 10th C., in the Middle Ages Ypres, together with Ghent and Bruges, was one of the three most important towns in Belgium because of its prosperous cloth making, reaching the peak of its heyday in the 13th and 14th C. with a population of 40,000.
www.planetware.com /belgium/ypres-ieper-b-wv-yp.htm   (469 words)

 The History of  the city of Ypres, Ieper in Belgium and Flanders. Flanders Fields.
Ypres could be reached via the little river 'Ieperlee' and,moreover, the city lay alongside the important trade route between Bruges and Lille (now in Northern France).
In the 17th century Ypres was taken by the French.
Ypres was situated right in the middle of the frontline between the Germans and the Allied troops.
www.trabel.com /ieper/ieper-history.htm   (434 words)

 Ypres/Ieper: historical background
In spite of this, Ypres managed to establish itself as a financially and culturally rich city in the 12th century.
Being only 40 miles inland from the Belgian coast, Ypres was the hub of many important trade routes consisting of roads, rivers and canals leading to the Netherlands, France and to the English Channel.
It was the beginning of the Second Battle of Ypres and the beginning of the total destruction of a beautiful Flemish city.
www.greatwar.co.uk /westfront/ypsalient/ypres.htm   (1222 words)

 First World War.com - Battles - The First Battle of Ypres, 1914
With the German failure at the Battle of the Marne in September 1914 and the subsequent Allied counter attacks, the "Race to the Sea" began.
The Allied position around Ypres took the shape of a small salient in the trench lines because it could best be defended from the low ridge of higher ground to the east, but it was vulnerable to superior German artillery.
There were eventually three major battles at Ypres (click here to read a summary of the second; click here for the third, also known simply as Passchendaele), but the First Battle of Ypres was one of the most significant.
www.firstworldwar.com /battles/ypres1.htm   (996 words)

 Ypres - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
During the Middle Ages, Ypres was one of the most powerful towns of Flanders, with a flourishing cloth industry that rivaled those of Ghent and Bruges.
It was held by France from 1678 to 1716 and from 1792 to 1814.
Somewhere for the weekend...: Ypres; Despite the ravages of two world wars, Ypres has maintained its medieval charm alongside a contemporary metropolitan feel.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc.aspx?id=1E1:ypres   (441 words)

 Fortified Places > Fortresses > Ypres
In the early 17th century the Spanish modernised the fortifications of Ypres in anticipation of an attack from the growing menace of France.
Ypres was ceded to the Dutch by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1716 and its first test came in 1744, when it was attacked by the French.
Although the decision was made to demolish the fortifications of Ypres, which were thought to be stifling the town's growth, this was never fully carried out.
www.fortified-places.com /ypres.html   (1176 words)

 Hellfire Corner - Tom Morgan's Ypres Battlefield Guide - The Menin Gate
Ypres had been a fortified town for centuries before Vauban came onto the scene, however, and the earliest fortifications were built in the 14th century by the Burgundians.
When the War came to Ypres in 1914, they could not stop the heavy shells which were fired into the town, reducing it to rubble by the time the war ended.
...........and it was resolved that here at Ypres, where so many of the missing are known to have fallen, there should be erected a memorial worthy of them which should give expression to the nation's gratitude for their sacrifice and their sympathy with those who mourned them.
www.fylde.demon.co.uk /menin.htm   (1178 words)

 Ypres, Battle of
Ypres, Battle of, first series of major battles fought by Canadian troops during WORLD WAR I, officially lasting from 22 April to 25 May 1915.
Without gas masks, the French and Algerians in the trenches were forced to retreat, choking, gasping, and dying as the chlorine affected their lungs.
FREZENBERG RIDGE was part of this Ypres series of battles.
thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0008769   (272 words)

 Ypres Home Page
Ypres a small Flemish market town, just over the border from France, quite similar to many towns in Belgium, that was until 1914 (the outbreak of the First World War).
The town of Ypres was the scene of some of the worst fighting of the war.
Ypres was described as being all the horrors of the Somme and the hell of Verdun.
www.users.globalnet.co.uk /~dccfarr   (248 words)

But the city of Ypres suffered many periods of wealth, wars and disasters and each time the inhabitants had the courage to rebuild their town again.
Because of the manufacture of drapery and cloth trading, Ypres became, in the 12th century, one of the most important cities of the county of Flanders.
From 1559 up to 1801 Ypres became a bishop city and a lot of cloisters where build, but for economy this is not very good.
www.camalou.com /ypres.htm   (621 words)

 Ypres: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
On 2 July 1306, the aldermen of Ypres, for example, levied the fine of 30 sous...assessment within the parish of St. Martins of Ypres, for example, were women.(64) Alena, wife...
Ypres has frequent train service that connects to...reach most of the World War I cemeteries in the Ypres area, a car is necessary, but one is not always...
The first battle of Ypres (Oct. Nov., 1914) was the last of the series of engagements referred to as "the race for the sea." The...
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/ypres.jsp   (1729 words)

 Ypres Battle of - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Ypres, Battle of, three major engagements of World War I fought around the town of Ypres (Ieper in Flemish) in western Belgium.
Ypres, or “Wipers” as it was christened by British soldiers, a small town in Belgium, was to become the focus of three pitched battles during World...
Ypres, town in south-west Belgium, in West Flanders Province, near Bruges and the French frontier.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Ypres_Battle_of.html   (114 words)

Ypres was a city of ruin, with a red fire in its heart where the Cloth Hall and cathedral smoldered below their broken arches and high ribs of masonry that had been their buttresses and towers.
They were inhabited already by half-wild cats--the abandoned cats of Ypres, which hunted mice through the ruins of their old houses--and they spat at me and glared with green-eyed fear as I thrust a match into their lairs.
The dawn lightened all the sky, and the shadows crept away from the ruins of Ypres, and all the ghastly wreckage of the city was revealed again nakedly.
www.greatwardifferent.com /Great_War/Ypres/Ypres_Gibbs_01.htm   (3786 words)

 Ypres Salient Index
The medieval town of Ypres (nowadays called by its Flemish name Ieper) was located at the centre of the battlefields of the Ypres Salient.
Ypres was razed to the ground during four years of fighting.
Poperinge was a small town situated approximately 8 miles to the west of Ypres in the rear British Army area.
www.greatwar.co.uk /westfront/ypsalient   (279 words)

 The Battles of Ypres, 1914 ("First Ypres")   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
To the west of Ypres is flat country, with the small town of Poperinge lying amid hop fields.
To the South-West of Ypres and west of Messines are the Flemish Hills.
The Ypres countryside was dotted with many thick woods, with villages and hamlets spread along the roads that fan out of the town to the east and isolated houses scattered widely.
www.1914-1918.net /bat7.htm   (1849 words)

 2nd Battle of Ypres
Ypres, a medieval town in Belgium, was taken by the German Army at the beginning of the war.
Heavy fighting and frequent gas attacks continued around Ypres until 25th May. The Allied line held, but the German Fourth Army was able to use its new higher positions to bombard the town with heavy artillery.
You lie listless, sleepless, with Ypres on the heart, and then suddenly a grand tumult of explosion, a sound as of the tumbling of heavy masonry.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /FWWypres2.htm   (1336 words)

 Picture of Ypres / Ieper - Free Pictures - FreeFoto.Com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Ypres was the principal town in the British lines on the Western Front during World War 1.
Ypres itself was completely destroyed during the fighting and was subsequently rebuilt in its original style.
Ypres or in Flemish Ieper was a center for the cloth and weaving trade in the Middle Ages.
www.freefoto.com /pictures/belgium/ypres/index.asp   (139 words)

 Ypres travel guide - Wikitravel
Ypres (Flemish: Ieper, both pronounced "eep") [1] is a friendly Belgian Flanders town endowed with wonderful architecture and a troubled past.
The town of Ypres formed the centre of the so-called "Ypres Salient" during most of the First World War—an area of Allied (British and Belgian)-held land surrounded on three sides by the German front line that formed the northernmost section of the Western Front.
Holding Ypres was vital for the Allies in their bid to prevent the Germans gaining control of all the Channel ports, vital for the transport and supply of the British Expeditionary Force.
wikitravel.org /en/Ypres   (772 words)

 Battles of Ypres
Along with the Battle of the Somme, the battles at Ypres have gone down in history The town had been the centre of battles before due to its strategic position, but the sheer devastation of the town and the surrounding countryside seems to perfectly summarise the futility of battles fought in World War One.
The first major German attempt to regain Ypres took place on 15th October, the Germans launched an offensive along the Lys River and they almost succeeded in breaking the line, but experienced BEF riflemen held their positions but suffered heavy losses.
This third battle of Ypres was launched on the 13th July 1917 with a lengthy preliminary artillery bombardment of over 4 million shells, this was effected for the ten days prior to the launch of the attack by the infantry at 03:50 on 31 July 1917.
www.ourwardfamily.com /battles_of_ypres.htm   (1750 words)

 Ypres : Attractions | Frommers.com
Inside is the tomb of the Flemish theologian Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638), a bishop of Ypres whose doctrine of predestination, called Jansenism, rocked the Catholic church and was condemned as heretical by the pope in 1642.
Between 1914 and 1918, in the few square miles of the Ypres Salient, 250,000 soldiers from Britain and its empire, and from France and Belgium, were killed, along with an equal number of Germans; the tally of wounded on all sides reached 1.2 million.
The greatest battle was the 6-month-long Third Ypres, in 1917, better known as the Battle of Passchendaele after the village east of Ypres that was its focus; its Flemish name is Passendale and it was called "Passiondale" by the British and Commonwealth troops, who sustained 400,000 casualties to capture the village.
www.frommers.com /destinations/ypres/3101010029.html   (1487 words)

 Ypres Salient - Holts School History and Battlefield Tours
Ypres, in the region of Flanders, has been an important historical site throughout the ages.
Following the First Battle of Ypres in the late autumn of 1914, Ypres became the centre of a bitter struggle.
When visiting Ypres it is hard to appreciate the devastation of the area at that time however the period photographs shown in many of the museums help to bring the text to life.
www.holts.co.uk /schools/ypressalient.html   (849 words)

Ypres was at the heart of the Flemish cloth market in mediaeval times, between the 13th and 15th centuries.
However, the town’s proximity to the front line, at the heart of the notorious “Ypres Salient” meant that it was reduced to rubble during the almost continual bombardment of 1914-18.
Winston Churchill, in the years before his knighthood, said of Ypres that “A more scared a place for the British race does not exist in the world.” That undoubtedly is true, yet the sacred heart of Ypres is much older, even than that sentiment.
www.visitflanders.co.uk /ypres.aspx   (590 words)

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