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Topic: Yugoslav wars

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Yugoslav wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Yugoslav wars were a series of violent conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia that took place between 1991 and 2001.
The Yugoslav wars were initiated by the secession of the two northernmost regions of the former Yugoslavia - Slovenia and Croatia - for a wide array of grievances including economic and political issues, among others.
The diversity in this republic causes an ethnic strain and war ensues.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Yugoslav_wars   (1956 words)

 Wars of Yugoslav Succession - MSN Encarta
Introduction; Background ; The War in Slovenia; The War in Croatia; The War in Bosnia and Herzegovina; The Kosovo War; Consequences of the Wars
The second war was fought in Croatia from July to December 1991 and in the summer of 1995.
Presidents Alija Izetbegović of Bosnia and Kiro Gligorov of Yugoslav Macedonia were equally fearful of either a violent breakup of Yugoslavia or of Serb domination of a federation with a stronger central government.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761584605/Wars_of_Yugoslav_Succession.html   (2562 words)

 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from the end of World War II (1945) until it disintegrated in the Yugoslav wars in the 1990s.
After the initial Yugoslav wars, the process ended in 1992 when the remainder of Yugoslavia, now having only two republics, Serbia and Montenegro, formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which in 2002 was reformed and renamed Serbia and Montenegro.
The Yugoslav wars, consequent loss of market, as well as mismanagement and/or non-transparent privatization brought further economic trouble for all former republics of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Socialist_Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia   (1535 words)

 Serbia and Montenegro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Province of Kosovo, while a part of Serbia, is, since the war of 1999, a United Nations protectorate and de facto outside the control of Serbian and Montenegrin authorities.
This was due to the ongoing Yugoslav wars, which had prevented agreement being reached on the disposition of federal assets and liabilities, particularly the national debt.
Until the outbreak of the Yugoslav wars, the ironically-named Highway of Brotherhood and Unity running through Croatia, Serbia and FYRO Macedonia was one of the Europe's most important transport arteries.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/FRY   (1620 words)

 Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Yugoslav wars
The Yugoslav wars were a series of violent conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia that took place in the 1990s.
Alternative terms in use include the "War in the Balkans", or "War in (former) Yugoslavia", "Wars of Yugoslav Succession" or rarely the Third Balkan War (a term coined by British journalist Misha Glenny).
The Yugoslav wars in the west were ended by the military defeat of Serbia/Yugoslavia in Slovenia and Croatia, and the signing of the Dayton Agreement in 1995 for Bosnia following military intervention against the Serbian side by NATO.
fact-archive.com /encyclopedia/Yugoslav_wars   (333 words)

 Bosnia and Herzegovina article - Bosnia and Herzegovina Balkans Sarajevo Yugoslavia Yugoslav wars Dayton Accords ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The republic gained its independence in the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and due to the Dayton Accords, it is currently a protectorate of the international community, administered by a High Representative selected by the European Parliament.
The Cold War saw the establishment of the Communist Yugoslavia under Tito, and the reestablishment of Bosnia as a republic within its Ottoman borders.
On November 21, 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties signed a peace agreement that brought to a halt the three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on December 14, 1995).
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina   (1169 words)

 Yugoslav wars articles on Encyclopedia.com
He fought with the chetniks, a Serbian guerrilla force, in the Balkan Wars (1912-13) and in World War I, and after the conquest (1941) of Yugoslavia in World War II he headed the revived chetnik forces.
During World War II he was one of the chief organizers of Serbian resistance.
Rise to Power The son of a flsmith in a Croatian village, Tito fought in Russia with the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I and was captured by the Russians.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Yugoslav+wars   (480 words)

 Central Europe Review - War in Kosovo: A victory for the media?
Wars (one war or several?) in ex-Yugoslavia have been the wars of "states-to-be" against society.
The greater the lack of a rationale for the wars to occur, the greater the media activity in inventing one.
Without this media promotion of war, which exhorts a collective readiness to victimise (others) and to sacrifice (oneself), there would be no driving force, no logic, no inevitability to the conflict.
www.ce-review.org /99/12/blagojevic12.html   (1462 words)

 [No title]
From the point of view of the Yugoslav case, therefore, the transformation of this popular image of the irrationality of war and its participants’ motivations into one of rationality and strategic calculation is thus a welcome research development.
Indeed, the greatest difficulty with conflict resolution in the Yugoslav context stemming from economic interests of this kind would appear to be the Slovene conflict, whereas Zahar’s rational-choice analysis of the Bosnian militias and interest in war termination or prolongation draws the opposite conclusion.
I do not think war is possible in Serbia, but the shift to the right in the last elections, which many see as having the potential for destabilization at home and regionally, is clearly a result of the liberal economic policies of and externally imposed requirements on the post-Milosevic, DOS coalition government.
www.ssrc.org /programs/gsc/publications/gsc_activities/globalization_conflict/woodward.doc   (2285 words)

 Michael Parenti: The Rational Destruction of Yugoslavia
Likewise, a portion of Yugoslav television remained in the hands of people who refused to view the world as do the U.S. State Department, the White House, and the corporate-owned U.S. news media, and this was not to be tolerated.
During the Bosnian war in 1993, the Serbs were accused of having an official policy of rape.
The biggest war criminals of all were the NATO political leaders who orchestrated the aerial campaign of death and destruction.
www.michaelparenti.org /yugoslavia.html   (6088 words)

 Bosnia Report - July - September 2000
The international community’s initial acceptance of the ‘civil’ definition of the wars in the former Yugoslavia meant that they were treated as Yugoslavia’s internal affair, so that neither it nor the UN had to intervene.
Serbia’s choice of the instrument of war to solve the Yugoslav crisis, as is clear today, was the crucial cause of both the break-up of Yugoslavia and the Serb national catastrophe.
To sum up: in the years 1991-1995 the war in the former Yugoslavia was not a civil war but a war of territorial conquest, imposed by the Serbian regime with ardent support from Serbia’s leading intellectual circles and scientific, cultural and ecclesiastic institutions.
www.bosnia.org.uk /bosrep/report_format.cfm?articleid=1035&reportid=162   (926 words)

 World Socialist Movement - The Yugoslav Wars - Myths & Realities
Contrary to the ramblings of the "ancient hatreds" school of thought, war in Yugoslavia was not inevitable.
The Yugoslav war of 1941-45, then, was not an ethnic conflict but ideological and political.
The Yugoslav wars began in June 1991 when the Yugoslav Army entered the breakaway republic of Slovenia under the pretext of securing Yugoslavia's borders.
www.worldsocialism.org /wsm-pages/yugowars.html   (1544 words)

 The History Guy: The War List
These wars are placed in the Anglo-French category as an illustration of their placement in the pattern of wars between those two countries.
Thus, this series of wars are known as the Wars of the Coalitions.
Parts of the war saw the Muslims and Croatians cooperate against their common foe, but from 1993-1994, Bosnia saw a three-way war when the Muslims and Croats battled each other as well as fighting the Serbs.
www.historyguy.com /War_list.html   (4061 words)

 Encarta 1998 - Yugoslav Wars of Succession   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Yugoslav Wars of Succession was fought within the former Yugoslavia between June 1991 and December 1995.
The conflict has been called the wars of succession because the fighting sought to determine what kind of country, or countries, would succeed, or replace, Yugoslavia, which was disintegrating among ethnic tensions.
In the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 people were killed and about 200,000 were wounded, the majority of which were Muslims.
www.smuhsd.k12.ca.us /smhs/library/enc.htm   (1151 words)

 Kosovo conflict and Yugoslav wars
This Albanian revolt voiced a common feeling among the Albanians in the former Yugoslavia that their emancipation and growing equality, which had started in the 1960s and was consolidated by the Yugoslav Constitution of 1974, needed to be sealed with elevating the status of the province to that of a full-fledged republic.
Several years before war brought an end to ethno-religious coexistence in other parts of the former Yugoslavia, Kosovo was already a deeply divided society, where different ethnic groups live entirely separated in ‘parallel’ societies, with as little contact as possible.
War has often been the engine of nation-building, and the Balkans seems to be no exception.
web.inter.nl.net /users/ger.duijzings/kosovo-conflict.htm   (2980 words)

 War and Ethnic Cleansing in Yugoslavia
There is the very common notion that these wars were nothing more than the product of ancient tribal hatreds and bloodlusts, that the people of Yugoslavia have always hated each other and wanted nothing more than to see their neighbors wiped off the face of the earth.
This war in particular came to epitomize the small-scale ethnic wars that came to prominence during the 1990s.
The Yugoslav government was crucial in supplying the Krajina and Bosnian Serbs with weapons, ammunition, fuel, and logistical support, even though Yugoslavia claimed to be uninvolved in the fighting.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/war/yugo-hist4.htm   (2688 words)

 balkanalysis.com - The Balkan Wars, 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Indeed, even though the European powers were clearly bruising for a fight, the war could not have been fought when it was and as it was had the Balkans not erupted in a massive insurrection against the Ottoman Empire, and thus rewritten the political map of southeastern Europe.
The second battle of the war, fought between the Turks and Bulgarians at Lyule Burgas-Buni Hisar was “…the largest battle in terms of numbers of soldiers involved and casualties” Europe had seen in some 42 years, or since the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 (p.
In this sense the Yugoslav wars remained civil conflicts, whereas the Balkan Wars were, in light of the colonial empires administered by the Great Powers, direct challenges to an entire global order.
www.balkanalysis.com /modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=513   (1445 words)

 Martin Shaw
No serious analyst of the Yugoslav wars believes that violence against civilians was limited to 'atrocities' (which implies that there could have been no more than a series of relatively isolated abuses) or was perpetrated mainly by 'vigilantes' (which implies ad hoc, localised and irregular forces).
Van der Pijl's neglect of the inner dynamics of the Yugoslav wars is sustained in his treatment of Kosovo.
Even after a new war broke out in Kosovo in 1998, Clinton still sought a deal with Milosevic to contain the violence; it was only when this failed that the US went into confrontational mode.
www.sussex.ac.uk /Users/hafa3/lectures/yugoslavia.htm   (3058 words)

 New Balkan Politics - Issue 3
Only an analysis that looks beyond the international stage of the Yugoslav wars makes it possible to include the residual Russian actors that are capable of acting and are able to assert their interests in the region.
But the spectre of the Yugoslav scenario for Russia and its impact on Russian perceptions concerns society as well as the state level, and it was not fundamentally affected either by the change of regime in Belgrade or by the change of president in Moscow.
The domestic implications of the wars in former Yugoslavia for Russia, are illustrated by the great number of state- and non-state actors, beyond the classical institutions in charge of foreign policy, for which the Balkans presented an ideal stage on which they could seak to attract attention as international players.
www.newbalkanpolitics.org.mk /OldSite/Issue_3/bonin.eng.asp   (5357 words)

 Boston.com / News / Local / Mass. / Zivota Panic, 70; led Yugoslav army
General Panic was army chief of staff in 1992, when the former Yugoslavia broke up in a series of bloody wars.
The Yugoslav army sided with Serb rebels in Croatia and Bosnia who took up arms to fight the republic's independence.
Milosevic is on trial at the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands.
www.boston.com /news/local/massachusetts/articles/2003/11/21/zivota_panic_70_led_yugoslav_army   (132 words)

 H-Net Review: Sarah Jan Meharg on The Myth of Ethnic War: Serbia and Croatia in the 1990s
The earlier emergence of "culture wars," where ethnic groups perpetrated aggressive marginalization through political, ideological, religious, and economic means, ignited Western imaginations in the 1990s, and this theme has stuck with us ever since.
According to normative Western discourse, ethnic wars occur only in so-called primitive, ethnicized, underdeveloped nations that are not yet evolved (or have not yet graduated) to the ranks of civilized nation-states.
Such culture wars gnawed away at positive identity narratives, and what remained were the negative identity narratives manipulated by the pathologies of nationalism.
www.h-net.org /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=164311140451816   (1531 words)

 Blood and Honey: A Balkan War journal - World News - MSNBC.com
War breaks out between Bosnian govenment and local Serbs, and then between Muslims and Croats who were previously allies against Serbs.
Like many who covered the destruction of the Yugoslav state, Haviv witnessed enormous tragedy and endured the uncertainties and randomness that made the Yugoslav wars the most dangerous conflicts to cover since World War II.
Yet Yugoslavia, having escaped the orbit of the USSR after World War II, also was the most western and arguably the most humane of the communist nations of Europe.
www.msnbc.msn.com /id/8319961   (1042 words)

 Defiant Greek-Cypriot Bank Helped Fund Two Wars
According to a report by Morten Torkildsen, an investigator at the United Nations war crimes prosecutor's office, Popular Bank, the island's second largest bank, allowed a group of Yugoslav-controlled front companies to operate in defiance of UN sanctions.
Mladjan Dinkic, the Yugoslav central bank governor, said during a visit to Cyprus last year that as much as $4bn (€3.9bn, £2.5bn) in foreign currency might have been transferred to Cyprus between 1992 and 1994.
In both cases the named beneficial owners had never heard of the companies in question, were astonished to be contacted by UN investigators, and have threatened legal actions of their own.
www.theturkishtimes.com /archive/02/08_01/business.html   (1312 words)

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