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Topic: Z1 (computer)

In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

  Learn more about Computer in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Therefore, many restrict the definition of computers to devices whose primary purpose is information processing rather than being a part of a larger system such as a telephone, microwave oven, or aircraft, and can be adapted for a variety of purposes by the user without physical modification.
Typical sorts of instructions supported by most computers are "copy the contents of cell 123, and place the copy in cell 456", "add the contents of cell 666 to cell 042, and place the result in cell 013", and "if the contents of cell 999 are 0, your next instruction is at cell 345".
Computer programs are simply large lists of instructions for the computer to execute, perhaps with tables of data.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /c/co/computer.html   (2010 words)

 Z1 (computer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
reproduction of the Z1 The Z1 was a mechanical computer created by Konrad Zuse in 1937.
The Z1 was the first in a series of computers designed by Konrad Zuse.
The computer had a 64 word floating point memory, where each word of memory could be read from and written to by the program punch cards and the control unit.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Z1_(computer)   (233 words)

 Konrad Zuse
The Z1 The Z1 is today considered to be the first freely programmable computer of the world.
Konrad Zuse's first computer, built between 1936 and 1938, was destroyed in the bombardment of Berlin in WW II, together with all construction plans.
Konrad Zuse constructed the Z1 in the apartment of his parents, in fact, he was allowed to use the living room for his construction.
irb.cs.tu-berlin.de /~zuse/Konrad_Zuse/en/Rechner_Z1.html   (240 words)

 Storia del Personal Computer: Tutte le informazioni su Storia del Personal Computer su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Agli albori dell'era informatica, un computer era considerato una specie di macchina per fare i conti superveloce, la naturale evoluzione delle calcolatrici usate durante la seconda guerra mondiale.
Con il Progetto MAC del MIT, cominciò a studiare gli effetti dell'impiego dei computer su vasta scala: anche se non era possibile affidare una macchina a chiunque, dato il costo, si potevano comunque installare terminali interattivi, che grazie al time-sharing consentivano a molti utenti in contemporanea l'accesso alle risorse del computer centrale.
Dopo aver letto alcuni suoi scritti pubblicati nel 1963, Licklider cominciò a finanziare le ricerche di Engelbart, in quanto riteneva perseguissero i medesimi scopi.
www.encyclopedia.it /s/st/storia_del_personal_computer.html   (3056 words)

 The Cutting Edge: An Encyclopedia of Advanced Technologies - Publishing Division - The Moschovitis Group   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Konrad Zuse is popularly recognized in Germany as the inventor of the computer.
This might be the most important difference between Zuse and other computer inventors working at the time: While in the United States, scientists such as John Atanasoff (1903-) and Howard Aiken (1900-73) had the resources of universities or companies at their disposal, Zuse was working alone.
Zuse's patent application of 1941 for the computing machine Z3 was ultimately refused in 1967 by a German judge, who declared it to lack "inventiveness." The long delay between application and decision was due initially to the war and its aftermath.
www.mosgroup.com /pub/zuse.html   (1669 words)

 Untitled   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
On May 31, 1943, the military commission on the new computer began; John Mauchly was the chief consultant and J Presper Eckert was the chief engineer.
The speed of the 701 computers was limited by the speed of its memory; the processing units in the machines were about 10 times faster than the core memory.
All computers then started to be made using chips instead of the individual transistors and their accompanying parts.
www.rit.edu /~jrb4111/imm/project3   (2310 words)

 Zuse biography
The main reason why Zuse succeeded in building his mechanical computer where Babbage had failed, was the fact that Zuse's Z1 was a binary machine with two position switches to represent 0 and 1.
Some of Zuse's computers were destroyed in bombing raids near the end of the war although the Z3 was reconstructed in 1960 for display in a museum in Munich.
Finally the Z4 computer was taken to Switzerland where it was installed in the ETH in Zurich in 1950.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/Biographies/Zuse.html   (1079 words)

 Konrad Zuse's first computers - The Z1
There was a clear separation between the punch tape reader, the control unit (which supervised the whole machine and the execution of the instructions), the arithmetic unit (with registers R1 and R2), the memory, and the input/output devices.
Thus, the saying "War is the father of everything," is not true in the case of the invention of the computer.
The two circles on the left-hand side (on the clock generator block) are cranks for executing a clock cycle manually, where the upper one is for the memory and the lower one for the control and arithmetic unit.
www.epemag.com /zuse/part3a.htm   (472 words)

 computers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention.
This series covers many of the major milestones in computer history (but not all of them) with a concentration on the history of personal home computers.
No, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
www.home-buisness-dot.com /computers.htm   (234 words)

 How this timeline is put together
Like amorphous memory in organic material, computers that work with light in stead of electronic pulses, computers that do calculations by means of recombining DNA or RNA.
Computers that can be painted on the wall making use of the budding nano technology etc. etc.
Since it is not our intention to create an encyclopedia of computer history and related sciences we have taken the liberty to mention only the most important developments in the History of Computers.
www.thocp.net /reference/info/about_timeline.htm   (1072 words)

 Computer-Security-News.com - The Evolution of Technology - The History of Computers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one specific inventor.
This computer stands as the first as it was the first system to be fully programmable.
Beyond this point in computer history, many changes and alterations have occurred, from the Apple-Microsoft wars, to the developing of microcomputers and a variety of computer breakthroughs that have become an accepted part of our daily lives.
www.computer-security-news.com /artman/publish/evolution-30310.shtml   (1382 words)

The Z1 is turned on by sliding back its front cover, revealing the lens and flash and activating the bright white Self-timer lamp to the left of the flash for a few seconds.
The external controls of the Z1 are kept to the bare minimum, and the capture modes are selected in the camera’s menu (see the Characteristics section of the review for a listing of all the options contained in the menu).
The Z1 starts up quickly — it is ready to shoot in under a second — and reacts instantly to its controls, including the shutter release.
www.megapixel.net /reviews/fuji-z1/z1-gen.php   (1336 words)

 Fujifilm Digital Cameras - Digital Camera Showcase - Fujifilm FinePix Z1
Combining the new RP Processor, 5th Generation Super CCD-HR Sensor and Fujinon Lens Optics, the Z1 delivers ultra-high sensitivity with low noise, faster operational speeds and reduced power consumption.
Just select "Natural Light" mode, and the Z1 will automatically suppress the flash and adjust sensitivity up to ISO 800 to compensate for low-light situations, letting you easily take photos in a variety of indoor or outdoor situations and capture the image in full detail just as your eye sees it...
The Z1 features a stylish, ultra-compact contemporary design that is ergonomically engineered for finger-tip control.
www.fujifilmusa.com /JSP/fuji/epartners/digitalZ1Overview.jsp   (340 words)

 Z2 - The real meaning from Timesharetalk wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Z2 was a mechanical and relay computer created by Konrad Zuse in 1939.
It was an improvement on the Z1, using the same mechanical memory but replacing the arithmetic and control logic with electrical relay circuits.
In contradiction to the Z1, the Z2 used 16 bit fixed point arithmetics instead of 22 bit floating point.
www.timesharetalk.co.uk /wiki.asp?k=Z2   (120 words)

 New PC: The Ultimate Refinement in PC Design Arrives in Homes Nationwide With the Introduction of the Z1 by NEC - ...
"The Z1 truly embodies the heritage of the NEC consumer brand -- sophisticated computing with a concentration on performance, new technologies and innovation in design." Design Refinement, Both Inside and Out With its two-toned metallic color and gently sculpted lines, the Z1 is as much a work of art as it is a high-performance computer.
Z1 owners also benefit from the freedom of cordless operation, due to the Z1's wireless-keyboard design that incorporates a Windows-keyboard layout, mouse controls, and a variety of instantly accessible multimedia functions.
"The Z1 represents a signature product for our Consumer Division, and it will undoubtedly enable us to further build consumer mindshare and recognition as a leader in the home-PC marketplace." Packard Bell NEC is a leading producer and marketer of a broad range of desktop and notebook computers and network servers in the Americas.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0WUB/is_1999_June_21/ai_54933661   (1258 words)

 Raul Roja's article on Zuse   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
We argue that both the Z1 and the Z3 possessed features akin to those of modern computers: memory and processor were separate units, the processor could handle floating-point numbers and compute the four basic arithmetical operations as well as the square root of a number.
Konrad Zuse is popularly recognized in Germany as the "father of the computer" and his Z1, a programmable automaton built from 1936 to 1938, has been called the "first computer" in the world.
The computation proceeds as usual, but in each cycle the snooping circuit produces the result -64 at the output of the adder of part A. It does not matter what operations are performed with the significands because the exponent of the result is set to -64 and therefore the final result is zero.
hjs.geol.uib.no /zuse/zusez1z3.htm   (8633 words)

 Timeline of Computers
The timeline is a brief summary on the past 100 years of development of computers and the technologies behind them.
ABC Computer was first computer to use vacuum tubes for logic circuits.
The Harvard Mark I computer was the first computer to have the word "bug" in it's context in it's log book.
www.rit.edu /~mjz3823/imm/project1/intro.html   (571 words)

 Konrad Zuse: Preface
Many encyclopedias and other reference works state that the first large-scale automatic digital computer was the Harvard Mark 1, which was developed by Howard H. Aiken (and team) in America between 1939 and 1944.
Today, the Z3 is widely acknowledged as being the first fully functional automatic digital computer, and Konrad Zuse is acclaimed by computer scientists as being the most admired and respected computer pioneer.
The development of the Z4 and the Zuse Apparatebau from 1942 to 1945 in Berlin is described, and also the slightly modified architecture of the Z4 for the ETH-Zürich in 1950.
www.epemag.com /zuse   (370 words)

 Computer History Museum - Timeline of Computer History
Shannon identified the bit as the fundamental unit of data and, coincidentally, the basic unit of computation.
Working for the British computer company Elliott Brothers, C. Hoare developed Quicksort, an algorithm that would go on to become the most used sorting method in the world.
Along with the immense popularity of the IBM´s computer, Lotus owed much of its success to its working combination of spreadsheet capabilities with graphics and data retrieval capabilities.
www.computerhistory.org /timeline/?category=sl   (2301 words)

 Monster Cable: Z1 Center Channel Affordable Audiophile Speaker Cable   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Z1 is a perfect example of what can be accomplished with advanced technologies in a compact cable.
Z1 features six bass conductors and several mid/high frequency conductor networks wound around Monster's patented Magnetic Flux Tube specially designed to control distortion-producing magnetic fields for better clarity and soundstage.
Z1 incorporates Monster's famous MultiTwist™ construction, an ultra-tight winding of conductors resulting in enhanced sonic performance and superior noise rejection throughout the audio bandwidth.
www.monstercable.com /productPage.asp?pin=823   (492 words)

 Domain name system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
To provide resilience in the event of computer failure, multiple DNS servers provide coverage of each domain.
However, because many root servers actually implement anycast, where many different computers can share the same IP address to deliver a single service over a large geographic region, most of the physical (rather than nominal) root servers now operate outside the USA.
The DNS uses TCP and UDP on port 53 to serve requests.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dns   (4113 words)

 Konrad Zuse
The first fully functional program-controlled electromechanical digital computer in the world (the Z3) was completed by Zuse in 1941, but was destroyed in 1944 during the war.
I recognized that computing could be seen as a general means of dealing with data and that all data could be represented through bit patterns, generally speaking.
I used the mechanical memory of the Z1 with a low storage capacity (16 words), as well as the card punch and reader to build a simple computer with 200 relays operating with 16 bits and on the basis of fixed- point arithmetic.
ei.cs.vt.edu /~history/Zuse.html   (3204 words)

 Digital Cameras - Picky Details of the Minolta DiMAGE Z1 Digital Camera   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
With its long-ratio zoom lens and fast shooting, the Z1 would be a natural choice for sports and other action photography.
The Z1 offers an Auto Power Save option through the Setup menu, which lets you specify how long the camera will wait without user input before shutting itself off, with options ranging from 1 to 10 minutes.
Because the Z1 uses the same LCD panel for both the rear panel and eyelevel viewfinder, using the EVF saves almost no power relative to the level consumed when using the rear panel display.
www.imaging-resource.com /PRODS/Z1/Z1DATA.HTM   (1062 words)

 The Virtual Museum of Computing
If you would like to volunteer to be a virtual curator on some aspect of the history of computing, please get in touch, preferably with a URL for the "gallery" or on-line exhibit which you would like included.
Computers: From the Past to the Present, a lecture presented by Michelle A. Hoyle.
Why Computers are Computers, a book by David Rutland, including excerpts and some answers to FAQs.
palimpsest.stanford.edu /icom/vlmp/computing.html   (3012 words)

 COMPUTER HISTORY-APPLE VS MICROSOFT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
1942---- ABC Computer Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
Apple Computer saw a resemblance and filed a 1988 lawsuit against Microsoft, alleging that they had broken the 1985 licensing agreement.
The courts said that the licensing agreement gave Microsoft the rights to use all but nine of the copyrights, and Microsoft later convinced the courts that the remaining copyrights should not be covered by copyright law.
www.jmusheneaux.com /011a.htm   (479 words)

 Roxbury Community College - Division of Continuing Education
The instructor will teach you the various ways computers are used in our lives and how they can be used to increase efficiency at work and at home.
This workshop is intended as a crash course for people who have prior knowledge of Microsoft Access and who need a refresher, or people who have used other report writers, i.e.
The Advanced Computer and Keyboarding course is offered in the middle of the semester to those who have successfully completed the Intro to Computer and the Typing course.
www.rcc.mass.edu /dce/computer.html   (641 words)

 WinBook Z1 Read Me First and FAQ
Congratulations on your purchase of the WinBook Z1!
Yes, you can set the computer to go into standby mode, hibernation mode, or shutdown when the lid is closed.
This is to prevent accidental shutdown on the computer and is a part of the ACPI standard the WinBook Z1 adheres to.
www.winbookcorp.com /_technote/WBTA00180015.htm   (2226 words)

 Computer Alliance
From this concept is born the elegantly simple and slim form of the FinePix Z1.
From the front, side, bottom or any angle, the appearance is not only stunning, but also hints at the incredible power sheathed within its clean geometry.
In addition, Z1 has a shortened shooting interval of 1.1 seconds and fast shutter release with a time lag of minimum 0.01 seconds.*
www.computeralliance.com.au /parts.aspx?qryPart=5709   (617 words)

 The German Way - German Technology Update
Konrad Zuse and the Z1 Years before the room-sized ENIAC computer in the U.S., Konrad Zuse (1910-1995) was working on his mechanical Z1 binary digital computer in Berlin in 1938.
Deutsches Museum in Munich: Computer (Informatik) exhibition in German or in English.
A replica of Konrad Zuse's Z1 computer is on display in the German Technology Museum in Berlin.
www.german-way.com /techupd.html   (703 words)

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