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Topic: Zeuxis and Parrhasius

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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  Zeuxis - LoveToKnow 1911
It is perhaps a variation of this story when we are told (Pliny) that Zeuxis also painted a boy holding grapes towards which birds flew, the artist remarking that if the boy had been as well painted as the grapes the birds would have kept at a distance.
Lucian, in his Zeuxis, speaks of him as carrying this search to a novel and strange degree, as illustrated in the group of a female Centaur with her young.
But, in spite of the tendency towards realism inherent in the new method of Zeuxis, he is said to have retained the ideality which had characterized his predecessors.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Zeuxis   (733 words)

 Ancient Painting. Egyptian Painting
Zeuxis is said to have been very proud of his reputation and wealth, and to have worn a shawl or mantle into whose border was woven his name in letters of gold.
Parrhasius (about 400 B.C.) of Ephesus was a rival of Zeuxis, and was remarkable both for invention and execution.
Whereupon Parrhasius claimed the award, saying the veil was the picture; and surely he was the greater artist, since Zeuxis had deceived the birds only, while he had deceived Zeuxis himself.
www.oldandsold.com /articles36/painters-1.shtml   (2809 words)

Zeuxis was born in Héraclee around 464 B.-C and was presumably the pupil of Appolodore.
Zeuxis also painted a family of Centaurs which was considered as one of his masterpieces.
Zeuxis painted a still-life of grapes which was so perfect that birds tried to pick up while Parrhasius showed him a painting covered by a veil which he tried to raise but it occurred that the veil was in fact a painting itself.
www.artcult.com /zeuxis.html   (218 words)

 Grapes and Curtains
Zeuxis had painted grapes so realistically on a wall that birds were deceived enough to peck at the fruit.
When Zeuxis tried to lift the curtain from the panel to see the painting underneath he found that the draped curtains themselves were the actual painting.
Zeuxis was happy to concede since he had only deceived birds whereas Parrhasius had fooled a human being.
www.jameshyde.com /pages/vikmuniz.html   (2525 words)

 oil painting » Painter - Zeuxis and Parrhasius
‘Zeuxis and Parrhasius, painters of Ephesus in the 5th century BC, are reported in the Naturalis Historia of Pliny the Elder to have dramatic a contest to determine which of the two the greater artist was.
Zeuxis then asked Parrhasius to drag aside the curtain from his painting.
When it was exposed that the blind itself was Parrhasius’ painting, Zeuxis was forced to grant defeat, for while his work had managed to fool the eyes of birds, Parrhasius had take in the eyes of an artist.
www.1artclub.com /oil-paintings/2006/07/05/painter-zeuxis-and-parrhasius   (231 words)

 Realistic or Abstract Imagery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Pliny the Elder told the story of two rival painters, Zeuxis and Parrhasius, who were competing to see who could produce the most realistic painting.
The story goes that Zeuxis had painted a picture of grapes so realistically, that birds were deceived enough to peck at the fruit.
Zeuxis conceded that Parrhasius was a better painter, whereas he had deceived only birds, Parrhasius had fooled a human being.
graphics.stanford.edu /~hanrahan/talks/realistic-abstract/walk003.html   (132 words)

 Trompe l'Oeil | Eric Conklin, Trompe l'Oeil Artist
So impressed was fellow artist and rival Parrhasius, that in a few weeks he asked Zeuxis to come to his studio to see his painting.
Zeuxis went to Parrhasius' studio and there before him was the painting draped by a curtain.
Zeuxis approached the painting and when he tried to pull back the curtain to reveal the painting, he found that the curtain had been painted.
www.ericconklin.com /trompeloeil.html   (676 words)

 Book 12 - Chapter 10: Quintilian's Institutes of Oratory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Subsequently, Zeuxis and Parrhasius, who were very nearly contemporaries, as they both flourished about the time of the Peloponnesian war (for a dialogue of Socrates with Parrhasius is to be found in Xenophon), contributed much to the improvement of the art.
Zeuxis gave the human body more than its natural fulness, thinking that he thus added to its nobleness and dignity, and, as it is supposed, adopting that idea from Homer, whose imagination delighted in the amplest figures, even in women.
Parrhasius was so exact in all his figures that they call him the legislator of painting, since other painters follow, as a matter of obligation, the representations of gods and heroes just as they were given by him.
www.public.iastate.edu /~honeyl/quintilian/12/chapter10.html   (5165 words)

 Tarbell : Zeuxis and Parrhasius
Parrhasius was born at Ephesus, Zeuxis at some one or other of the numerous cities named Heraclea.
The strength of Parrhasius is said to have lain in subtlety of line, which would suggest that with him, as with Polygnotus, painting was essentially outline drawing.
The result of this sort of private demand was what we have seen taking place a hundred years later in the case of sculpture, viz.: that artists became free to employ their talents on any subjects which would gratify the taste of patrons.
www.ellopos.net /elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/history-of-ancient-greek-art-80.asp   (477 words)

 Trompe l'Oeil by Becky Bening   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
According to Pliny the Elder, a legendary competition took place in about 400 BC between two artists, Zeuxis and Parrhasius, to see who could produce the most realistic painting.
When Zeuxis pulled back the cover from his painting, birds flew down from the sky to peck at the painted grapes.
Zeuxis then turned to his opponent in triumph and said, "Draw back the curtain and reveal your painting." Parrhasius knew he had won because the curtains were part of his painting.
www.trompe-loeil-art.com /definition.html   (452 words)

 .Lennox 54 - KRÆMMERxKRÆMMER - art money   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Zeuxis was shocked beyond seeing that, eventually, Helen’s beauty would be the license to be immortal, if she so chose, for, living forever without bridges (/abridgment) of time would be her delightful fate.
Illusion4illision, life was but a dream to Zeuxis; and Parrhasius too begun to wonder whether the birds or the grapes were real, and in this illusion the secrets of immortality; and, thus, art and its values: as Lars knows.
Zeuxis, too, in a moment of anxiety fueled by the memory of taste, reached for a grape, but withheld himself just in time, as tho he was just joking; but knew he had won the contest; and he hoped only to see the grapes in their full glory, and bathed in the sun.
www.art-money.org /442   (1085 words)

 Press Release - Reed College - Reed College
During a challenge by Parrhasius to ascertain who could produce the most realistic painting, Zeuxis pulled the drapes from in front of his work, and, according to Pliny, birds flew down from the sky to peck at the grapes depicted by the master painter.
Zeuxis then turned to Parrhasius in triumph, asking him to draw the curtains from his work and reveal his painting.
However, the drapes Zeuxis was referring to were actually part of Parrhasius’ work, and Parrhasius emerged the victor.
web.reed.edu /news_center/press_releases/2004-2005/630.html   (870 words)

 Vermeer: The Art of Painting, Painting and Illusionism - NGA
In his theoretical treatise, Samuel van Hoogstraten wrote: "A perfect painting is like a mirror of Nature, in which things that are not there appear to be there, and which deceives in an acceptable, amusing, and praiseworthy fashion." The notion that a painting should deceive the eye with its illusionism dates back to antiquity.
In his Natural History, Pliny described a competition between the artists Parrhasius and Zeuxis, both of whom were intent on creating images that fooled the viewer into believing that the objects depicted were real.
Parrhasius won when he painted a curtain so skillfully that Zeuxis tried to lift it to see the image beneath.
www.nga.gov /exhibitions/verm_4.htm   (926 words)

 Zeuxis, Greece, ancient history
Zeuxis often thought himself misunderstood by his public and Aristotle did not like him at all.
Zeuxis painted some graped, that seemed so real that the birds came to eat them.
Zeuxis worked out how to use light and shades to give the impression of depth.
www.in2greece.com /english/historymyth/history/ancient/zeuxis.htm   (224 words)

 Zeuxis (c. 455-400 B.C.)
It is probable that he was born, about 455 B.C., in the Heracleia, situated on the Black Sea; that he studied painting at Ephesus, as he is said to have belonged to the Ionian school of painting, which was a realistic type, tending to sensual charm.
His works, which were mostly on panel, were scattered, by plunder or sale, over the ancient world, and, though some seem to have been extant in the age of Cicero and Pliny, it is doubtful if any survived in the second century of the Christian era.
By common consent Zeuxis was, with Parrhasius, his younger rival, the most eminent master of ancient painting.
www.usefultrivia.com /biographies/zeuxis_001.html   (420 words)

 The Secret Formulas and Techniques of the Masters   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Lucian and Pliny, the Elder, both left enthusiastic descriptions of certain paintings of this type and there is, of course, the well known anecdote of Zeuxis and Parrhasius which attests to the high degree of realism attainable with the medium.
Zeuxis, so the story Foes, painted some grapes of such perfect naturalness that the birds came and pecked at them.
Then Parrhasius, stirred to rivalry, painted a curtain so realistic chat Zeuxis himself attempted to lilt it to see the painting that he thought it concealed.
www.jam.ca /Maroger/MarogerSecrets/Page19.html   (355 words)

 zeuxis and parrhasius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
These unpronounceable Greek chaps (Zeuxis — "ZOYK-sis" and Parrhasius — par-AS-ius) actually hold the keys to the inner secret of art — that the audience's expectations are central.
Parrhasius painted a curtain, which was what the audience expected to SEE, but they didn't expect that it would be a false curtain.
So, while Zeuxis was able to fool a bird, Parhassios was able to fool not just humans but EXPERT humans at that!
art3idea.psu.edu:16080 /art3/mail/4.html   (513 words)

 Competition is an ancient topos in the history of art. In one of the earliest s...
This is probably the story of Zeuxis and Parrhasius, Greek painters of the 5th century BC.
Zeuxis painted a bunch of grapes that looked so natural that birds flew down to peck at them when the painting was unveiled.
I seem to remember that Zeuxis is said to have laughed himself to death, but that must have been on another occasion.
www.funtrivia.com /askft/Question57452.html   (266 words)

Zeuxis drew back the drapes that covered his painting and birds flew down from the sky to peck at the pai
He then turned to his opponent in triumph and said, "Draw back the curtain and reveal your painting." However, Parrhasius had won because the curtains were actually part of his painting.
Another story, surely apocryphal, tells that when Giotto was still an assistant in the studio, he painted a fly on the end of the nose of a man in a painting that was in process.
www.walshwalls.com /trompe.html   (621 words)

 Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, page 459   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
A famous Greek painter of Ephesus, who with Zeuxis was the chief representative of the Ionic school.
His sup­posed contest with Zeuxis is well known.
The grapes painted by Zeuxis deceived the birds, which flew to peck at them ; while the curtain painted by Parrhasius deceived Zeuxis himself [Pliny, ib.
ancientlibrary.com /seyffert/0462.html   (729 words)

 Ancient Greek Art, Sculptures, Paintings, Mosaics 4/4
Zeuxis asked Parrhasius to pull away the curtain and show his painting, but it turned out that the curtain was actually painted.
Parrhasius wrote that he is such a good artist that he has set the limits of Arts so high that others will almost impossible reach.
Parrhasius tortured the slave because he wanted to produce a realistic image of Prometheus punished by Zeus.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Arts/Arts8.htm   (910 words)

 Classic Greek Civilization 800-323 B.C.E.: Arts History: Zeuxis V. Parrhasius | World Eras
Parrhasius is said to have competed with Zeuxis.
When Zeuxis painted a backdrop of grapes with such success that birds flew up to it, Parrhasius countered with a picture of a curtain so truly represented that Zeuxis, excited by the decisive action of the birds, noisily demanded that the curtain be removed, if you don't mind, and the picture shown.
When he saw his error, he conceded the prize with ingenuous modesty, saying that, although he had deceived the birds, Parrhasius had deceived him, an artist.
www.bookrags.com /history/greek-civilization-arts/sub17.html   (151 words)

 Zeuxis - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Zeuxis
His reputed masterpiece was the picture of Helen – according to legend the grapes he painted were so realistic that birds tried to eat them.
Born in Heraclea, he belonged to the Ionic school of art, drawing his inspiration from Apollodorus and being the rival of Parrhasius.
It is the same in painting; and here lies the difference between Zeuxis and Polygnotus.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Zeuxis   (233 words)

 Royal Realism -- artnet Magazine
The painting refers to a legendary contest in ancient Greece between the artists Zeuxis and Parrhasius.
Zeuxis painted grapes so realistically that birds swooped down to eat them.
But the curtain was not real but painted by Parrhasius, whose skill could fool not only birds but his fellow artists.
www.artnet.com /magazineus/reviews/karlins/karlins7-5-06.asp   (1125 words)

 Patrick Hughes artist - The science of perception
Zeuxis, as a retort to Parrhasius, also painted a picture of grapes held by a child: birds still flew to the painted grapes and were not frightened away by the pictured boy.
Pliny also stated that Parrhasius “was the first to give proportions to painting and the first to give vivacity to the expression of the countenance, elegance of the hair and beauty of the mouth” (page 311).
Soon after central perspective had been widely adopted in art, in the fifteenth century, it was distorted in the form of accelerated and decelerated perspective architectures and anamorphic paintings.
www.patrickhughes.co.uk /papers/wade_hughes_perception28.htm   (2254 words)

 TIME.com: Creating Grand Illusions -- Dec. 10, 1990 -- Page 1
The ancient Greek painters Zeuxis and Parrhasius vied, according to legend, to see who could produce the most realistic painting.
Parrhasius outdid him, however, by fashioning a curtain that Zeuxis, mistaking for fabric, attempted to pull open.
Known as trompe l'oeil (fool the eye), the style reached its prime in the Renaissance and during the Baroque period, when painters embellished churches and palaces with imaginary soaring columns, weighty domes and clouded skies inhabited by plump putti.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,971896,00.html   (713 words)

 Amazing Architecture: Trompe l'œil: Magical Deception
Pliny the Elder, who is credited with writing the first encyclopedia, claimed trompe l’œil began in earnest around 400 BC when two great artists, Zeuxis and Parrhasius, held a competition to see who could create the most realistic painting.
Zeuxis allegedly pulled the cover from his creation and birds flew down to peck at the painted grapes.
Zeuxis then turned to his opponent’s painting and reached for the curtain that covered the canvas.
www.escapeartist.com /OREQ17/Paris_Architecture.html   (2170 words)

 Zeuxis — FactMonster.com
Zeuxis - Zeuxis (2 syl.), a Grecian painter, is said to have painted some grapes so well that the birds came...
c.400 B.C., Greek painter of Sicyon, a contemporary of Parrhasius and Zeuxis.
King of Painters - King of Painters A title assumed by Parrhasios, the painter, a contemporary of Zeuxis.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/people/A0853379.html   (147 words)

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