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Topic: Zhou

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 Zhou Dynasty: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
zhu yu wáng) was the twelfth sovereign of the chinese zhou dynasty and the...
King yi of zhou (ch zhu yì wáng) or king i of chou was the seventh sovereign of the chinese zhou dynasty....
zhu xan wáng) was the eleventh sovereign of the chinese zhou dynasty....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/z/zh/zhou_dynasty.htm   (3254 words)

 Zhou Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Zhou Dynasty (Chinese: 周朝; Hanyu Pinyin: zhōu cháo; Wade-Giles: chou c'hao; 11th century BC to 256 BC) followed the Shang (Yin) Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China.
In the Chinese historical tradition, the rulers of the Zhou displaced the Shang and legitimized their rule by invoking the Mandate of Heaven, the notion that the ruler (the "son of heaven") governed by divine right (granted by the Supreme God of Heaven) but that his dethronement would prove that he had lost the mandate.
In Western histories, the Zhou period is often described as feudal because the Zhou's early decentralized rule invites comparison with medieval rule in Europe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Zhou_Dynasty_(1122_BC_-_256_BC)   (1019 words)

 Zhou dynasty - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Zhou dynasty
The dynasty was established by the Zhou, a semi-nomadic people from the Wei Valley region, west of the great bend in the Huang He (Yellow River).
Under the Zhou, agriculture and commerce developed further, iron implements and metal coins came into use, cities grew up, and the philosophies of Confucius, Lao Zi, Mencius, and Taoism flowered.
Zhou society had a very similar structure to later feudal European and Japanese periods, with strict divisions and hereditary classes.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Zhou+dynasty   (208 words)

The Zhou began as a semi-nomadic tribe that lived to the west of the Shang kingdom.
Their capital was divided into two sections, one for the Zhou, that contained the imperial court, and the other half for the transported Shang.
The first is the Western Zhou, which occurs from the time of their victory over the Shang until about 771 B.C. when they were forced east by barbarians from the north.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/china/ancient_china/zhou.html   (714 words)

 Zhou Enlai on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
ZHOU ENLAI [Zhou Enlai] or Chou En-lai, 1898-1976, Chinese Communist leader.
Zhou returned (1924) to China and joined Sun Yat-sen, who was then cooperating with the Communists.
A practical-minded administrator, Zhou maintained his position through all of Communist China's ideological upheavals, including the Great Leap Forward (1958) and the Cultural Revolution (1966-76).
www.encyclopedia.com /html/Z/ZhouE1nla.asp   (1206 words)

 Zhou Yu (Gongjin) - Comprehensive Romance of the Three Kingdoms Biography
A paternal grand–uncle of Zhou Yu was once appointed as Grand Commandant of the Han, and his other male relatives continued to hold important positions in the bureaucracy (1).
Zhou Yu pointed out that Cao Cao was not used to fighting on the sea, that his troops were exhausted from their long march, and that the coming winter would prove difficult for his troops and would not give them much time to prepare.
Zhou Yu was wounded by an arrow during the attack, but he kept the moral of his troops up and they scored a complete victory over Cao Ren, who abandonned Jiangling.
www.kongming.net /novel/kma/zhouyu.php   (3231 words)

 Chou Tun-i   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Zhou's honorific name, Lianxi ("Lian Stream"), was the one he gave to his study, built in 1062 at the foot of Mt. Lu in Jiangxi province; it was named after a stream in Zhou's home village.
Zhou's connection with the Cheng brothers was the ostensible rationale for his being considered the founder of the Cheng-Zhu school of Neo-Confucianism.
Zhou's best-known contribution to the Neo-Confucian tradition was his brief "Explanation of the Diagram of the Supreme Polarity" and the Diagram itself.
www2.kenyon.edu /Depts/Religion/Fac/Adler/Reln471/CHOU.htm   (3562 words)

 Zhou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC) or Zhou state
Zhou (political division) Zhou is the name of a political/administrative division of China.
Zhou Yu, a great general of the Kingdom of Wu
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Zhou   (181 words)

Though Zhou Long considered his compositional profile to be well established before his arrival in the U.S., his techniques and means of expression have since undergone many changes.
Zhou has compared his integration of Western musical theory into his essentially Chinese compositions to the accretion of Buddhist principals into Chinese culture during the Tang dynasty.
Zhou Long draws on the entire spectrum of his Chinese heritage, including folk traditions and philosophical and spiritual ideals, as well as musical instruments and gestures.
www.chineseperformingarts.net /composer8.htm   (917 words)

 Zhou Yu (Gongjin) - Sanguozhi (Records of the Three Kingdoms) Biography - English Translation
Two of Zhou Yu’s ancestors, Zhou Jing and Zhou Zhong held the position of Tai Wei in the Han dynasty and Zhou Yu’s father was once the magistrate of Luo Yang.
Zhou Yu and Sun Ce were of the same age and they were on very amicable terms.
During then, Zhou Yu was 24 years old and people in the Wu prefecture would refer to him as Zhou Lang (or “Young Gentleman Zhou”) Zhou Yu’s charitable and trustworthy nature was well known in the Lu Jiang region and he was ordered to defend Niu Zhu.
www.kongming.net /novel/sgz/zhouyu.php   (2000 words)

 Chinese history:Zhou Dynasty (1046-256BC)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Zhou dynasty had its capital at Hao, near the city of Xi'an,or Chang'an, as it was known in its heyday in the imperial period.
The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other, from 1027 to 221 B.C. It was philosophers of this period who first enunciated the doctrine of the "mandate of heaven" (tianming), the notion that the ruler (the "son of heaven") governed by divine right but that his dethronement would prove that he had lost the mandate.
At most, however, the early Zhou system was proto-feudal, being a more sophisticated version of earlier tribal organization, in which effective control depended more on familial ties than on feudal legal bonds.
www.chinavoc.com /history/zhou.htm   (402 words)

 Zhou Enlai. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
He served (1924–26) as deputy director of the political department at the Whampoa Military Academy, of which Chiang Kai-shek was commandant.
In 1949, with the establishment of the People’s Republic of China at Beijing, Zhou became premier and foreign minister.
A practical-minded administrator, Zhou maintained his position through all of Communist China’s ideological upheavals, including the Great Leap Forward (1958) and the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
www2.bartleby.com /65/zh/ZhouEnla.html   (359 words)

 Bing Zhou, PhD
At a time when catalysis development was believed to be a fl art accomplished only by trial and error, he initiated and perfected a technology that has for the first time made the design and engineering of catalyst at nanoscale possible.
In 2003, Dr. Zhou was selected by the Chinese Academy of Science to receive the “Outstanding Overseas Scholar Award”, which included a significant grant to establish a nanocatalysis laboratory at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, China’s national laboratory renowned in catalysis.
Zhou is a key scientist for catalyst design and development at Headwaters NanoKinetix.
www.bing-zhou.com   (374 words)

In the 11th century B.C. King Wu of the Zhou took advantage of the favourable opportunity presented by the absence of the Shang kings main military force, which was in the southeast attacking the Yi people.
In 771 B.C. the Zhou court was sacked, and its king was killed by invaders allied with rebel lords.
The Zhou's early decentralized rule was a proto-feudal, more sophisticated version of earlier tribal organization where control depended more on familial ties than on legal bonds.
www.gotheborg.com /chronology/zhou.shtml   (2013 words)

 Zhou Ling: featured artist at NaPua Gallery
Zhou Ling was born in Tian Jing, China in 1941.
Zhou Ling's graduation, marriage, and assignment to Yunnan occurred on the eve of the Cultural Revolution.
Zhou Ling said that by 1971, when the Cultural Revolution's political energy began to wind down, she was able to paint by herself.
www.napuagallery.com /artists/zhouling   (404 words)

 Chinese History - Zhou Dynasty 周 (www.chinaknowledge.de)
The Zhou Dynasty is probably the dynasty that reigned for the longest period not only of all Chinese dynasties, but of the whole world.
The founders of the Zhou Dynasty, the Kings Wen and Wu (abbreviated to the couple Wen Wu 旇武), and the Prince Regent Duke Dan of Zhou 周公旦, were seen as the ideal monarchs and even as patrons and inventors of every kind of arts.
The Zhou kings had to flee from their western capital to the east, forced by "barbarian" tribes that invaded the Zhou territory.
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Zhou/zhou.html   (339 words)

 Chinese History - Zhou Dynasty 周 event history (www.chinaknowledge.de)
The Duke of Zhou is mystified as the solicitous prince regent, as composer of canonical writings, and as an inventor of cultural achievements (state rituals and music, laws and regulations).
In the east, the Zhou fought against the peoples of Xu 徐 and the Huaiyi 淮夷 (modern Jiangsu), in the south against Chu 楚 and Jing 荊, and in the west against the Quanrong 犬戎 and Xianyun 玁狁.
The Zhou kings had to rely on the help of their neighbour states not even to protect themselves from raids by other powers but also to solve intern power struggles.
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Zhou/zhou-event.html   (6248 words)

 Stefan Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Poster Pages--Zhou Enlai
Zhou was born into an upper class family, but played a leading role in the student movement from a very early age on.
Zhou was not merely active on the international front.
In 1998, the centenary of Zhou's birth was celebrated with the release of a number of posters featuring him.
www.iisg.nl /~landsberger/zel.html   (955 words)

 History of Chinese Dynasties: Zhou dynasty
The Western Zhou Dynasty was more united under the control of the king and several vassals.
The disrupted Eastern Zhou Dynasty had many kingdoms each with their own power and ambition to acquire overall control.
The Iron Age was to become the new technology in the train of new ideas and thinking followed by the establishment of schools while reformists in each state put together new policies to maintain the rule of slave owners.
www.warriortours.com /intro/history/zhou   (139 words)

 Xia, Shang, Yin, Zhou, Qin,
In the Chinese historical tradition, the rulers of the Zhou displaced the Yin and legitimized their rule by invoking the Mandate of Heaven, the notion that the ruler (the "son of heaven") governed by divine right but that his dethronement would prove that he had lost the mandate.
The Mandate of Heaven established the Zhou's assumed divine ancestor, the Tian-Huang-Shangdi, above the Shang's divine ancestor, the Shangdi.
The Zhou dynasty was founded by the Ji family and had its capital at Hao (near the present-day city of Xi'an).
www.crystalinks.com /chinadynasties.html   (1203 words)

 Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou fulfilled the mandate of Heaven by defeating the Shang in warfare.
The ancient Zhou capital was divided into two sections, one for the Zhou people an the imperial court and the other half for the Shang people.
The Zhou royal court and son of Emperor Yu Wang escape and move the capital eastward to Loyand in 771 B.C. Many of the ancient Jade artifacts uncovered and on the market today is the result of this historic event.
www.thejadetrade.com /ian/p8.html   (1043 words)

 Xi Zhou Dynasty (1134-256 B.C.)
Due to Shang Zhou's cruelty, Wu Wang rebelled against him and established the Zhou Dynasty with the help of Jiang Ziya.
Zhou Wu Wang named his father Zhou Wen Wang.
Married daughter of duke Shen and gave birth to Zhou Xuan Wang.
www.yutopian.com /history/xizhou.html   (478 words)

 Zhou Dynasty -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China -- Research Into Origins Of Huns, Uygurs, ...
Zhou people were conferred the title of 'Xi Bo' (Count of the West) by Shang Dynasty King Zhouwang as a buffer state against the Western nomads.
When Zhou King Wuwang first called upon various tribes to rebel against Shang, he stated that he was carrying out the order from the Heaven to penalize Shang king who had disrupted his kingdom by killing his elder son (Bigan) and imprisoning the uncle (Ji-zi) under the influence of the witch-like Shang queen (Daji).
Zhou King Pingwang moved eastward to Luoyi in 770 BC under the escort of Qin lord, and promised to Qin the land of Feng and Qishan should Qin defeat Quanrong and recover the territories.
www.uglychinese.org /zhou.htm   (14084 words)

 IBM Research | Ruhong Zhou   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Zhou, B. Berne and R. Germain, Free energy landscape of a beta-hairpin folding in explicit water, Proc.
Zhou, R. Friesner, A. Ghosh, R. Rizzo, and W. Jorgensen, New linear interaction method for binding affinity calculations using a continuum solvent model, J. Phys.
Zhou, S. Stuart and B. Berne, Molecular Dynamics for nonequilibrium systems in which there are a small number of very hot particles in a cold bath: Reference System Propagator Methods, J. Chem.
domino.research.ibm.com /comm/research_people.nsf/pages/ruhong.index.html   (613 words)

 Zhou Shiu Yon set free
Zhou Shiu Yon - the 24-year old Chinese refugee who became precious to many people across the nation through her many interviews with reporters - is finally free.
Zhou told the committee that she became pregnant in China at the age of 19.
Unfortunately, Harry Wu would not allow Zhou to take a few moments in her testimony to inform the Congress members and reporters of the fact that our country continues to imprison Chinese refugees for years without cause; she couldn't even mention her friends whose years of incarceration continue to mount.
voiceforlife.glorifyjesus.com /chinese/Aug98ZhouFree.html   (1300 words)

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