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Topic: Existentialism

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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  Existentialism - MSN Encarta
Existentialism, philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom, and choice, that influenced many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely.
The 19th-century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, who was the first writer to call himself existential, reacted against this tradition by insisting that the highest good for the individual is to find his or her own unique vocation.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761555530/Existentialism.html   (448 words)

 Existentialism is a Humanism, Jean-Paul Sarte 1946
Atheistic existentialism, of which I am a representative, declares with greater consistency that if God does not exist there is at least one being whose existence comes before its essence, a being which exists before it can be defined by any conception of it.
Existentialism is nothing else but an attempt to draw the full conclusions from a consistently atheistic position.
Existentialism is not atheist in the sense that it would exhaust itself in demonstrations of the non-existence of God.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/sartre/works/exist/sartre.htm   (9123 words)

  Existentialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
And while not all existential philosophers were influenced by phenomenology (for instance Jaspers and Marcel), the philosophical legacy of existentialism is largely tied to the form it took as an existential version of phenomenology.
Existentialism did not develop much in the way of a normative ethics; however, a certain approach to the theory of value and to moral psychology, deriving from the idea of existence as self-making in situation, are distinctive marks of the existentialist tradition.
From this point of view, the substantive "histories" adopted by existential thinkers as different as Heidegger and Sartre should perhaps be read less as scientific accounts, defensible in third-person terms, than as articulations of the historical situation from the perspective of what that situation is taken to demand, given the engaged commitment of their authors.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/existentialism   (10659 words)

  Existentialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Existentialism is a philosophical movement that is generally considered a study that pursues meaning in existence and seeks value for the existing individual.
By this, existentialism states that man exists and in that existence man defines himself and the world in his own subjectivity, and wanders between choice, freedom, and existential angst.Existentialism often is associated with anxiety, dread, awareness of death, and freedom.
Existentialism emphasizes action, freedom, and decision as fundamental to human existence and is fundamentally opposed to the rationalist tradition and to positivism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Existentialism   (3782 words)

The various forms of Existentialism may also be distinguished on the basis of language, which is an indication of the cultural traditions to which they belong and which often explains the differences in terminology among the various authors.
Existentialism was moved to insist on the instability and the risk of all human reality, to acknowledge that man is "thrown into the world"--i.e., abandoned to a determinism that could render his initiatives impossible--and to hold that his very freedom is conditioned and hampered by limitations that could at any moment render it empty.
Existentialism is never a solipsism in the proper sense of the term (that I alone exist), because every existential possibility relates man to things and to other men.
cyberspacei.com /jesusi/inlight/philosophy/western/Existentialism.htm   (6149 words)

 existentialism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Heidegger rejected the label of “existentialist”; and described his own philosophy as an investigation of the nature of being in which the analysis of human existence is only the first step.
For him the central idea of all existential thought is that existence precedes essence.
In France the most prominent exponent of a Christian existentialism was Gabriel Marcel, who developed his philosophy within the framework of the Roman Catholic Church.
www.bartleby.com /65/ex/existentism.html   (510 words)

 (the cry) ------ existentialism
Existentialism is a philosophical movement which emphasizes on individual existence, freedom, and choice.
By this, existentialism states that man exists and in that existence man defines himself and the world in his own subjectivity, and wanders between choice, freedom, and existential angst.
Absurd is a leit motiv in existentialism, specially in Sartre and Camus.
www.thecry.com /existentialism   (581 words)

 Existential Primer: Introduction
Existentialism, and philosophy in general, is infected with a variety of lexicons, unfortunately.
The word “existential” is used to describe so many people, fictional characters, choices, and situations that it has been reduced to meaning any dilemma revealing the true nature of a person.
Existentialism is about being a saint without God; being your own hero, without all the sanction and support of religion or society.
www.tameri.com /csw/exist/exist.html   (3533 words)

 “A Primer of Existentialism” by Gordon E
Existentialism is much like Transcendentalism and  Feminism – there are several kinds of existentialism and what one says of one kind may not be true of another.
Today we have existential Marxism, existential sociology, existential psychoanalysis, existential theology…the general feature of these hybrids is an emphasis on the irreducibility of the perspective of human agents, whose activities, emotions, and thoughts are understood  in terms of their aspiration to become an individual.
Existentialism insists upon reuniting the lower or irrational parts of the psyche with the higher.
www.viterbo.edu /personalpages/faculty/GSmith/Existentialism.htm   (1268 words)

Existentialism may be explained according to the themes and concerns of its proponents.
Even the term "orthodox existentialism" is a problem since the field is so diverse and the prominent existential thinkers don't agree about what existentialism is. Nevertheless, religious existentialists are concerned with some of the same themes as are non-religious existentialists.
Existential Theology does not and cannot exist, but existential theologians should exist, that is theologians whose chief interest does not lie in dogmatics and in the external observance of rituals, but in the souls of men, in their predicament and in the willingness to help them.
www.greatcom.org /resources/secular_religions/ch04/default.htm   (11356 words)

 The Realm of Existentialism, Existentialism, Phenomenology, Existential Psychology, Quotes by Philosophers, ...
the Realm of Existentialism, Phenomenology and Existential Psychology
The site is primarily aimed at those hitherto unacquainted with the basics of existentialism and phenomenology, and offers helpful summary definitions of the two schools of thought, as well as elementary accounts of some of their essential themes.
Basic Themes of Existentialism: The Bare Essentials for the Mind-on-Fire, a quick overview of some of the basic, ever-winding, rivers that run through Existentialism and the human experience; love, anxiety, stress, solitude, relationships, failure, sadness, death, loneliness, human frailty etc. A very meaty section in the Realm of Existentialism, and frequently up-dated!
www.dividingline.com   (894 words)

 Existential Problems
The allure of Existentialism lies in its ability to grapple, in a non-trivial way, with so many common although philosophically underrated aspects of human condition: anxiety, anguish, dread, despair, boredom, guilt, loneliness, forlornness, lack of meaning, self-deception, suicide, death, suffering, finitude.
The former is widely recognized as the major precursor of Existentialism (in fact, its fountainhead) while the latter is arguably the pivotal figure of its rise to the most influential philosophical movement in the mid-twentieth century.
The principal objective in this course is to become acquainted with the challenge that Existentialism poses to Modern Philosophy by denying the substantial character of the Self and the Truth.
www.uri.edu /personal/szunjic/philos/exist.htm   (1029 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It was inspired by the works of Søren Kierkegaard and the German philosophers Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, and was particularly popular around the mid-20th century with the work of the French writer and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre and others, including the novelist, essayist and playwright Albert Camus.
Human beings are not pre-determined in any way but are free to do as they choose - they must be judged by their actions rather than by 'what they are', since they 'are' entirely what they do.
Søren Kierkegaard, a 19th Century precursor to 20th Century existentialism, discussed this challenge in his writings on angst.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/e/ex/existentialism.html   (438 words)

Existentialism is the philosophy that places emphasis on individual existence, freedom, and choice.
Existentialism stresses the individuality of existence, and the problems that arise with said existence.
What is meant by this is that existentialism gives priority in signifigance to existence, in the sense of my existence as a conscious subject, rather than to any essence which may be assigned to me, any definition of me, any explination of me by science or philosophy or religion or politics.
www.fortunecity.com /roswell/cushing/263/exist/existentialism.html   (810 words)

Jean-Paul Sartre originally defined the word existentialism, and applied it to lots of people who never knew they were existentialists and who held a range of conflicting ideas on a variety of topics, the existence of god being one such debated topic.
Existentialism is a very influential philosophy that went through periods where it greatly affected politics and pop-culture, and is still very popular in certain circles.
They look at how existentialism can be useful in psychiatry, and how the issues people desire to address in psychotherapy are often of an existential nature, like life, death, and meaning.
www.philosophytalk.org /pastShows/Existentialism.html   (419 words)

 Existentialsim by Roger Jones   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The roots of existentialism began with Kierkegaard in the first half of the 19th century.
Existentialism in the 20th century reflects the loss of certainties in the post-modern world.
Theologians have had to face the horrific absurdities of the 20th century and religious (or theistic) existentialism shows how the individual can, with faith be authentic in an uncertain world.
www.philosopher.org.uk /existen.htm   (899 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The existentialist movement in education is based on an intellectual attitude that philosophers term existentialism.
Existentialism rejects the existence of any source of objective, authoritative truth about metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics.
Although elements of existentialism occasionally appear in public schools, this philosophy has found wider acceptance in private schools and ill alternative public schools founded in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
edweb.sdsu.edu /LShaw/f95syll/philos/phexist.html   (627 words)

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