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Topic: Free trade

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  Free trade - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In opposition to free trade, a policy of mercantilism was developed in Europe in the 1500s and persists in various forms to this day.
Historically, the free trade movement was skeptical and even hostile to the notion of intellectual property, regarding it as monopolistic and harmful to a free, competitive economy.
Free trade is one of the most debated topics of the 20th and 21th century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Free_trade   (1613 words)

 Free trade zone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A free trade zone (FTZ) or export processing zone is one or more areas of a country where tariffs and quotas are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered in order to attract companies by raising the incentives for doing business there.
They are special zones where (some) normal trade barriers such as import or export tariffs do not apply, bureaucracy is typically minimized by outsourcing it to the FTZ operator and corporations setting up in the zone may be given tax breaks as an additional incentive.
The widespread use of free trade zones by companies such as Nike has received criticism from numerous writers such as Naomi Klein in her No logo book.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Free_trade_zone   (360 words)

 free trade. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The basic argument for free trade is based on the economic theory of comparative advantage: each region should concentrate on what it can produce most cheaply and efficiently and should exchange its products for those it is less able to produce economically.
In 18th-century Britain, free trade eventually came to mean the desire for a moderate tariff policy in international trade, especially with France.
The results were new organizations and agreements on international trade such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (1948), the Benelux Economic Union (1948), the European Economic Community (Common Market, 1957), the European Free Trade Association (1959), Mercosur (the Southern Cone Common Market, 1991), and the World Trade Organization (1995).
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/freetrad.html   (778 words)

 North American Free Trade Agreement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The North American Free Trade Agreement is a free trade agreement among Canada, the United States, and Mexico.
This agreement was an expansion of the earlier Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement of 1989.
Unlike other Free Trade Agreements in the world, NAFTA is more comprehensive in its scope and was complemented by the North American Agreement for Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation(NAALC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement   (2762 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Free trade
Free trade supporters argue firstly, that all countries have the right to opt out of the world market through isolationism, and secondly that companies are fictional persons who are taxed without representation, and that the balance of power should shift away from the governments that exploit them.
Free trade, then, creates an economic incentive for a race to the bottom in regulatory institutions; countries with lax, lenient, non-enforced, or selectively enforced regulatory legal structures will have a competitive advantage in attracting investment to their countries, and not merely in wages.
Critics of free trade often point to the fall of the Suharto government in Indonesia in the wake of the Asian economic crisis to describe free trade and its effect on sociopolitical stability.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Free_trade   (9052 words)

 Free trade means freedom from both private and government coercion
Trade means the voluntary exchange of values between two parties, toward their own mutual benefit.
Voluntary means that no force is initiated by either party; that both parties enter the trade of their own free-will, with no guns, no knives, or no fists pointed at their heads, hearts, or backs.
Free competition does not mean that the seller, must serve the buyer's interest, if those interests are not his own.
www.capitalism.org /faq/trade.htm   (800 words)

 Free Trade, by Alan S. Blinder: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty
The case for free trade among nations is no different.
Trade is a mere detail that helps ensure that American labor is employed where, in Adam Smith's phrase, it has some advantage.
Those who are still not convinced should recall that Japan's trade surplus with the United States widened precisely as the wage gap between the two countries was disappearing.
www.econlib.org /library/Enc/FreeTrade.html   (1776 words)

 Free Trade Helps the World's Poor
Free trade with the developing world provides markets for the poor to sell their goods and earn an income.
International free trade and competition induce countries and companies to specialize in producing those goods at which they are most effective, that give them the most output for their available inputs.
Those who are truly concerned for the plight of the poor and the environment in the developing world should recognize that economic growth through free trade is the best remedy for both.
www.free-eco.org /articleDisplay.php?id=94   (683 words)

 Fighting for America's Economy With Free Trade
Of the 130 existing trade and investment agreements throughout the world, the United States is party to only two: the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
Many countries would like to sign a free trade agreement with the United States, but they are hesitant to enter negotiations on agreements that could be subject to countless amendments debated at length in Congress.
Trade promotion authority would assure potential trade partners that the agreements they sign with the Administration will be approved or rejected by Congress quickly and without debilitating amendments.
www.heritage.org /Research/TradeandForeignAid/EM783.cfm   (920 words)

 Free trade
The principle of 'free trade' was devised in the eighteenth century by the British economist Adam Smith.
This is known as the principle of free trade.
Free trade means competition, and competition can be risky, particularly when it affects a country's prosperity.
www.oxfam.org.uk /coolplanet/milkingit/information/the_issues/free_trade.htm   (1034 words)

 A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union --F--
Unlike the goals of free movement of goods, services and capital, which were directed solely at easing the operation of the Common Market, freedom of movement of persons raises fundamental sovereignty issues connected with citizenship, immigration, terrorism and organised crime.
Although the principle of free movement of services was established early, it took over 15 years before mutual recognition of qualifications was achieved, enabling lawyers, architects, doctors and others to surmount national barriers.
A free trade area differs from a customs union in that each of the member countries may have its own individual tariffs or other trading arrangements with third party states, whereas in a customs union there is a uniform external trade regime.
www.euro-know.org /dictionary/f.html   (4985 words)

 The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership - Free-Trade Area
The European Commission, being in charge of trade and economic cooperation with the South and Eastern Mediterranean, is responsible for preparing, negotiating and implementing Association Agreements.
As well as bilateral "vertical" trade liberalisation with Europe, the Mediterranean Partners are committed to implement free trade among themselves ("horizontal" or South-South integration).
The next step is the replacement of the current protocols on rules of origin by the "pan-Euro-Mediterranean" protocol, both in the agreements of the EU with each of the partner countries, and in the agreements between the partner countries.
ec.europa.eu /comm/external_relations/euromed/free_trade_area.htm   (429 words)

 Free trade New Internationalist - Find Articles
Free trade is an old idea that's taken on new life over the past decade--January 2004 marked the tenth anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Free trade is part of a broad process of trade liberalization being pursued by Western governments as well as the WTO, the World bank and the IMF.
Declining terms of trade are a major barrier to poor countries trading their way out of poverty.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0JQP/is_374/ai_n8589787   (765 words)

 Free Trade without the WTO (December 1999)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
I too oppose the WTO but for a different reason: I favor free trade, not only because people should be free to do what they want with their own money but also because free trade improves people's standard of living.
Free trade is simply the ability of people to trade freely with one another.
But again, to the extent that people are free to trade with others, to that extent they are better off.
www.fff.org /comment/ed1299x.asp   (775 words)

 John Kerry on Free Trade   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
You can't have trade be a rush to the bottom, and you can't leave other nations with a one-way street, and you can't abuse people the way it has been.
The mission of the Cato Institute Center for Trade Policy Studies is to increase public understanding of the benefits of free trade and the costs of protectionism.
Scholars at the Cato Trade Center aim at nothing less than changing the terms of the trade policy debate: away from the current mercantilist preoccupation with trade balances, and toward a recognition that open markets are their own reward.
www.issues2000.org /2004/John_Kerry_Free_Trade.htm   (1677 words)

 Free Trade Party (FTP)
People will buy insurance from free market insurance companies who are bound by judge-made law decided by the courts specified in people's contracts.
Taxes on trade, such as Income Tax and various sales taxes that are used to fund today's government services cause mind-boggling economic and social losses.
Free trade does refer to trade that is free of taxes and legislation.
freetradeparty.tripod.com   (316 words)

 Facts and timeline | December 2004 | New Internationalist
Free trade gives power to corporations and investors in return for the promise of economic growth.
The goal of the Free Trade Area of the Americas or FTAA is ‘free trade from the Arctic to Tierra del Fuego’.
Workers are caught in the cross-hairs as free trade targets the labour movement.
newint.org /features/2004/12/01/free-trade-facts   (1331 words)

 House passes free-trade agreement in tight vote - The Boston Globe - Boston.com - Washington - News
Unlike in previous trade agreements, the overwhelming majority of Democrats opposed the Central American pact, arguing that the Central American Free Trade Agreement would cost American jobs.
It has become a lightning rod for tangentially connected issued such as outsourcing of jobs, the economic and environmental effects of globalization, and the legacy of the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement, the pact upon which CAFTA is modeled, said Mark Smith of the US Chamber of Commerce, which supports the agreement.
Party leaders told members who are inclined to support free trade that every vote for CAFTA allows a Republican member to oppose it, according to Democratic House members.
www.boston.com /news/nation/washington/articles/2005/07/28/house_passes_free_trade_agreement_in_tight_vote   (1079 words)

 Free Trade Agreements   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
WOLA approaches trade discussions from a human rights perspective, highlighting how core rights such as the right to food, the right to a healthy environment and labor rights will be affected by trade agreements.
The United States government recently negotiated a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and is in the process of negotiating a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a and a new U.S.-Andean Free Trade Agreement.
Lessons of the successes and failures of the free trade model can be drawn from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which was implemented in 1994 almost ten years ago.
www.wola.org /economic/econ_trade.htm   (517 words)

 Frequently Asked Questions about Free Trade | Cato's Center for Trade Policy Studies
A trade deficit is not a threat to America’s economic well-being.
Trade deficits do not arise from unfair trade barriers abroad or uncompetitive industries at home, but from a net inflow of foreign capital.
Free trade is a boon to the US manufacturing base, which is alive and thriving according to statistical evidence.
www.freetrade.org /faqs/faqs.html   (2281 words)

 Deregulation or Protectionism? - Global Issues
Free Trade as an ideology or theory has many valuable and powerful points that have attracted countless supporters.
Yet, while Imperial Britain may have claimed to take on free market ideology, the free trade imperialism that it was, was to the detriment of other nations, including America, that suffered under its policies of imperialism abroad, which allowed free trade to flourish somewhat domestically.
In any case, as recent developments in trade in textile and clothing clearly demonstrate, the value of these offers in practice is much less than what they appear to be because of the tendency and capacity of major industrial countries to restrict exports of developing countries through anti-dumping duties, safeguard measures and ‘voluntary’ export restraints.
www.globalissues.org /TradeRelated/FreeTrade/ProtectOrDeregulate.asp   (6220 words)

 Free Trade and Globalization - Global Issues
Global trading that allows all nations to prosper and develop fairly and equitably is probably what most people would like to see.
While internationalism and equitable global trading allowing fair development is probably what most people would like to see, the current model of corporate-led free trade and its version of globalization that has resulted, has come under criticism by many, many NGOs, developing nation governments and ordinary citizens.
Protectionism is often referred to as being a barrier to free trade.
www.globalissues.org /TradeRelated/FreeTrade.asp   (1103 words)

 Truth About Trade & Technology - Free Trade?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Staff at the E.C. trade commissioner's office say it didn't, and that the conversation ended with the simultaneous slamming down of receivers.
Trade tensions are not confined to the aircraft industry.
And trade union critics of free trade are saying that the crown jewel of the free traders, NAFTA, has produced an annual increase of over $100 billion in the U.S. trade deficit with Canada and Mexico.
www.truthabouttrade.org /article.asp?id=3658   (1167 words)

 Free Trade Alliance San Antonio
Blake Hastings is Executive Director for Free Trade Alliance San Antonio, a non-profit organization dedicated to making San Antonio a center of trade in the Americas.
Hastings is responsible for the staffing and coordination of strategic plan development and trade development initiatives of the Alliance, while serving as a liaison to the institutional members of the Alliance and the community at large.
Marcelo Spatti serves as an intern for the Free Trade Alliance and specifically helps the Alliance with the preparation of the Brazil Trade Mission scheduled for October 2006.
www.freetradealliance.org /stafflist.asp   (1511 words)

 A Back-Door Threat to Free Trade
These issues concern some of the most difficult obstacles to free trade because they require other countries to dismantle policies that protect their most sensitive industries and most entrenched special interest groups.
As contentious as these issues are, freeing trade in these areas will stimulate economic growth and bring better jobs and improved living standards to millions of Americans.
And if today’s international trade barriers were reduced by just a third, the average American family of four would enjoy $2,500 per year in additional income, according to a University of Michigan study.
www.heritage.org /Research/TradeandForeignAid/wm838.cfm   (849 words)

 Free Trade: Political Leaders' views   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Establish Free Trade Area of the Americas by 2005.
Voted YES on extending free trade to Andean nations.
Free trade with any country except security risks.
www.issues2000.org /Free_Trade.htm   (969 words)

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