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Topic: Gender identity

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  Mental Health: Gender Identity Disorder
Gender identity disorder is a condition in which a male or female feels a strong identification with the opposite sex.
Gender identity disorder is a rare disorder that affects children and adults.
Gender identity disorder is diagnosed when the evaluation confirms the persistent desire to be the opposite sex.
www.webmd.com /sex/gender-identity-disorder   (641 words)

  Gender identity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gender identity may be affected by a variety of social structures, including the person's ethnic group, employment status, religion or irreligion, and family.
When, for instance, the gender identity of a person makes him a man, but his genitals are female, he may experience what is called gender dysphoria, i.e., a deep unhappiness caused by his experience of himself as a man and his lack of male genitals.
Alternatively, some people who experience gender dysphoria retain the genitalia that they were born with (see transsexual for some of the possible reasons), but adopt a gender role that is consonant with what they perceive as their gender identity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gender_identity   (1277 words)

 Gender - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Likewise, a wide variety of phenomena may have gendered characteristics ascribed to them, either by analogy to male and female bodies, such as with the gender of connectors and fasteners, or due to social norms, such as interpreting the color pink as feminine and blue as masculine.
In social sciences, the word "gender" is sometimes used in contrast to biological sex, to emphasise a social, cultural or psychological dimension.
Gender assignment, when there are any indications that genital sex might not be decisive in a particular case, is normally not defined by any single definition, but by a combination of conditions, include chromoses and gonads.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gender   (2318 words)

 THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 15, Ch. 192, Psychosexual Disorders
Core gender identity is a subjective sense of knowing to which gender one belongs, ie, the awareness that "I am a male" or "I am a female." Gender identity is the inner sense of masculinity or femininity.
Although biologic factors, such as gender complement and the prenatal hormonal milieu, largely determine gender identity, the formation of a secure, unconflicted gender identity and gender role is influenced by social factors, such as the character of the parents' emotional bond and the relationship that each of them has with the child.
Gender identity disorder is not diagnosed if a person engages in cross-dressing or other cross-gender activities without concurrent psychologic distress or functional impairment or if a person has a physical intersex condition (eg, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, ambiguous genitalia, androgen insensitivity syndrome).
www.merck.com /mrkshared/mmanual/section15/chapter192/192c.jsp   (1107 words)

 Gender Identity Disorder DSM IV Criteria
Males with Gender Identity disorder who are sexually attracted to males tend to present in adolescence or early childhood with a lifelong history of gender dysphoria.
Insistence by a person with Gender Identity Disorder that he or she is of the other sex is not considered a delusion, because what is invariably meant is that the person feels like a member of the other sex rather than truly believes that he or she is a member of the other sex.
For a small number of individuals, the gender dysphoria becomes a fixed part of the clinical picture and is accompanied by the desire to dress and live permanently as a female and to seek hormonal or surgical reassignment.
www.mhsanctuary.com /gender/dsm.htm   (3170 words)

 Gender Identity Information on Healthline
Gender identity is a person's sense of identification with either the male or female sex, as manifested in appearance, behavior, and other aspects of a person's life.
Gender identity emerges by the age of two or three and is influenced by a combination of biological and sociological factors reinforced at puberty.
While most children follow a predictable pattern in the acquisition of gender identity, some develop a gender identity inconsistent with their biological sex, a condition variously known as gender confusion, gender identity disorder, or transsexualism, which affects about one in 20,000 males and one in 50,000 females.
www.healthline.com /galecontent/gender-identity-1   (1081 words)

 Gender Identity Disorder in Children
Gender identity problems, including cross-dressing, exclusive cross-gender play, and a lack of same-sex friends should be treated as a symptom that something may be very wrong.
It is true that without treatment certain manifestations of gender identity conflicts, such as fantasy fashion doll play in boys or open cross-dressing may disappear by the time the child is eight or nine years old, but these coping mechanisms are often replaced by other less overt expressions of an underlying gender identity problem.
Some people may avoid treatment because they believe that gender identity problems are a sign that the child was "born homosexual" and that the parents should simply accept this outcome as inevitable and encourage the child to accept a homosexual identity.
www.narth.com /docs/fitz.html   (1932 words)

 Gender Identity Disorder
Gender identity is typically male and not female, although sex role identity may range from male gender role, to self-labeling as "fag" or "queer" across settings.
In terms of atypical gender development in children, the literature deals almost exclusively with the cases of deficit masculine development in boys, including cross gender identity disturbance, gender role behavior disturbance and homosexual behavior development.
For all the gender disturbed boys, if the biological father or a father substitute were present, he was described in 60% of the cases as being psychologically distant or remote by the other family members.
www.leaderu.com /jhs/rekers.html   (6479 words)

 Gender Identity: Sexuality: Merck Manual Home Edition
For most people, gender identity is consistent with gender role (as when a man has an inner sense of his masculinity and publicly acts in ways that support this feeling).
Children born with genitals that are not clearly male or female (see Birth Defects: Genital Defects) usually do not have a gender identity problem if they are decisively reared as one sex or the other, even if they are raised in the gender role that is opposite their biologic sex pattern.
Some transsexuals are satisfied with changing their gender role by working, living, and dressing in society as a member of the opposite sex, which may include obtaining identification (such as a driver's license) that reinforces their change in gender role.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec07/ch104/ch104b.html   (700 words)

 eMedicine - Sexuality: Gender Identity : Article by Shuvo Ghosh, MD
The topic of gender identity is often discussed merely in terms of dysfunction, and the diagnosis of gender identity disorder is a known phenomenon in both children and adults.
That such gender variance is biologically equivalent in boys and girls, and that it is not necessarily an indicator of gender identity disorder in childhood, is growing clearer.
Although gender identity is usually female, many XO individuals have significant psychologic stress because of their infertility, their appearance, and, in some, the awareness of their genetic profile, which may make them feel inadequate or incomplete as females.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic2789.htm   (6437 words)

 Gender Identity and Disability   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gender identity is at the basis of transsexuality.
Gender and sex tend to be used interchangeably, but there's been a failure to understand the differences between these two terms.
Gender (masculine or feminine) is between your ears; it is the whole of your life, your emotional and mental makeup, the way you present yourself in society, the way you interact with others, your imagination, the theatre of your being" (Caitriona Reed, Polare 25, 1998; 12).
genderwarrior.itgo.com /More.htm   (2371 words)

 20th WCP: Gender Identity without Gender Prescriptions: Dealing with Essentialism and Constructionism in Feminist ...
The subject of feminist politics, to the extent that it is assumed to be representative of womenkind, is a paradigmatic gender identity in which all women are united.
Feminist scholarship is replete with gender identities assumed to be common that are in fact the universalization of experience of one particular group of women.
In fact, some feminists point out that if gender is a socially and historically constructed category, then there are more than two possible genders and gender does not necessarily follow from sex; for example, there are more possibilities than femininity and masculinity and not all males are masculine nor are all females feminine.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Gend/GendWess.htm   (4096 words)

 Gender, Identity, and Language Use in Teenage Blogs
Identity is a central task that begins in infancy and ends with the culmination of one's life.
Identity is often characterized in terms of one's interpersonal characteristics, such as self-definition or personality traits, the roles and relationships one takes on in various interactions, and one's personal values or moral beliefs (Calvert, 2002).
Gendered language use in CMC contexts is not very different from that in face-to-face interactions and includes similar features of "verbosity, assertiveness, use of profanity, politeness (and rudeness), typed representations of smiling and laughter, and degree of interactive engagement" (Herring, 2000).
jcmc.indiana.edu /vol10/issue2/huffaker.html   (8077 words)

 Safe Zone at VCU
There are many different theories ranging from genetic (nobody has found a gene for gender identity, transgender or transsexuality) to changes in brain structure (although there is no evidence yet) to hormonal effects in the uterus while the baby is developing, and finally to social and even evolutionary factors.
While Gender Identity Dysphoria (GID) is listed in the diagnostic manual of mental health, there are a number of organizations that are lobbying for its removal in the same fashion that homosexuality was removed from the manual many years ago.
Inclusion of attacks based on gender or gender presentation in hate crime statistics and the training of lay enforcement and medical personnel are strongly needed.
www.students.vcu.edu /counsel/safezone/trans_flyer_ncod.html   (1409 words)

 Feminism and Women's Studies: Sexual Identity and Gender Identity Glossary
The existence and perpetuation of gender and sexual identities is based in the historic and continuing oppression (systematic mistreatment condoned by society as a whole) of people do not conform to certain aspects of society's gender roles.
Gender roles refer to the clothing, behaviors, thoughts, feelings, relationships, etc., that are considered appropriate or inappropriate for members of each sex.
Sexual identity refers to how one thinks of oneself in terms of whom one is sexually and romantically attracted to, specifically whether one is attracted to members of the same gender as one's own or the other gender than one's own.
feminism.eserver.org /sexual-gender-identity.txt   (2486 words)

 Gender Identity - Your Child's Development
Gender stability is the realization that girls grown up to be women, that they don't grow penises and becomes men, and vice versa.
It is during this period of gender stability development that many children develop stereotypic behaviors appropriate to their gender identity.
Gender identity is not the same as gender, which is commonly used to mean the biologic identity.
www.keepkidshealthy.com /development/gender_identity.html   (799 words)

 Psychology Today's Diagnosis Dictionary: Gender Identity Disorder
Gender identity disorder (GID) or transsexualism is defined by strong, persistent feelings of identification with the opposite gender and discomfort with one's own assigned sex.
Many individuals with gender identity disorder become socially isolated, whether by choice or through ostracization, which can contribute to low self-esteem and may lead to school aversion or even dropping out.
Children with gender identity disorder may manifest coexisting separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and symptoms of depression.
www.psychologytoday.com /conditions/genderid.html   (1189 words)

 Southern Arizona Gender Alliance (SAGA) - Gender Identity 101
Gender identity is determined by many factors, the most important of which is considered by some to be psychological, even spiritual, rather than physical.
Gender Identity refers to a person's actual or perceived sex, and includes a person's identity, appearance, or behavior, whether or not that identity, appearance, or behavior is different from that traditionally associated with the person's sex at birth.
The Gender Identity Center of Colorado - Provides support and educational resources to people who cross-dress, are transsexual, or are nontraditional in their gender identity or expression.
sagatucson.org /saga/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=42&Itemid=94   (3515 words)

 Gender Identity Disorder - DSM IV
Gender Identity disorder can be distinguished from simple noncomformity to stereo-typical sex role behavior by the extent andpervasiveness of the cross-gender wishes, interests, and activities.This disorder is not meant to describe a child's nonconformity tostereotypic sex-role behavior as, for example, in tomboyishness ingirls or sissyish behavior in boys.
Insistence by a person with Gender Identity Disorder that heor she is of the other sex is not considered a delusion, because whatis invariably meant is that the person feels like a member of the othersex rather than truley believes that he or she is a member of the othersex.
In adolescents and adults, the disturbance is manifested by symptomssuch as a stated desire to be the other sex, frequent passing as theother sex, desire to live or be treated as the other sex, or theconviction that he or she has the typical feelings and reactions of theother sex.
www.geekbabe.com /annie/feature/dsmiv.html   (2501 words)

 WebHealthCentre.com - Sexual Medicine
Developmental Establishment of Gender Identity and Gender Role: As the child grows, it usually accepts the gender assigned to it by the family and the society.
Gender identity is the personal conviction that each of us have about our femininity or masculinity.
Gender role is the set of rules that are laid down by the society to tell us how to behave according to our sex or gender.
www.webhealthcentre.com /general/sm_ident.asp   (509 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Gender identity disorder
Gender identity disorder describes a conflict between a person's physical or apparent gender and that person's self-identification.
Identity issues may occur in a variety of scenarios and manifest in different ways.
The feeling of being in the body of the "wrong" gender must persist for at least 2 years for this diagnosis to be made.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/001527.htm   (553 words)

 AllRefer Health - Gender Identity Disorder (Transsexualism)
Gender identity disorder is a persistent feelings that your body is a different gender than your mind.
This is distinct from homosexuality -- people with gender identity disorder may be attracted to the same or the opposite sex, but they feel that their own biological sex is "wrong" and doesn't represent their true gender identity.
The feeling of being in the body of the "wrong" gender must persist for at least 2 years for this diagnosis to be made.
health.allrefer.com /health/gender-identity-disorder-info.html   (395 words)

 Gender Identity
Gender identity plays a large part in the development of an individual's sexuality.
The purpose of this bibliography is to address the complicated and multi-faceted issues related to the subject of gender identity.
Defining gender identity as a social process involving groups of children, this book presents the argument that age, ethnicity, race, sexuality, and social class influence the organization and meaning of gender and that it shifts with social context.
www.siecus.org /pubs/biblio/bibs0006.html   (3174 words)

 Gender Identity - DrGreene.com
But if you catch a baby wearing nothing but a diaper, you'll find that although the proud parents know that the gender is obvious, boys and girls look and act similar enough to fool even pediatricians.
Even though we might want to avoid stereotyped gender roles, we want the world (and our daughter) to know that she is a she.
Part of the defining change from being a baby to becoming a toddler is this dawning gender identity.
www.drgreene.com /21_114.html   (555 words)

 Gender Identity Support Group:
Gender Identity Support Group is a non-profit organisation for people who have issues with their gender identity, their families and supporters.
From pre-transition to post-operative, our purpose and aim is to provide a friendly, safe and comfortable environment for people to discuss gender issues affecting their lives.
Gender Identity Group 2004 : Built by DM3D Send site comments to our webmaster.
www.gisg.org   (157 words)

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