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Topic: Gothic architecture

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  Gothic architecture - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Gothic architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gothic architecture in France may be divided into four periods: Early Gothic, lancet Gothic, Rayonnet Gothic, and Late, or Flamboyant, Gothic.
Gothic architecture in England is divided into three styles: Early English (1200–75), for example Salisbury Cathedral;; Decorated (1300–75), for example York Minster; and Perpendicular (1400–1575), for example Winchester Cathedral.
The real basis of Gothic architecture, and that which differentiates it from the heavier Romanesque style, is its elaborate and highly scientific system of vaulting and buttressing, made possible by the presence of the pointed arch.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Gothic+architecture   (952 words)

 Gothic architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period.
The Gothic cathedral was supposed to be a microcosm representing the world, and each architectural concept, mainly the loftiness and huge dimensions of the structure, were intended to pass a theological message: the great glory of God versus the smallness and insignificance of the mortal being.
In England, some discrete Gothic details appeared on new construction at Oxford and Cambridge in the late 17th century, and at the archbishop of Canterbury's residence Lambeth Palace, a Gothic hammerbeam roof was built in 1663 to replace a building that had been sacked during the English Civil War.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gothic_architecture   (2126 words)

 Gothic architecture and art. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The character of the Gothic visual aesthetic was one of immense vitality; it was spikily linear and restlessly active.
It is generally agreed that Gothic architecture made its initial appearance (c.1140) in the Île-de-France, the royal domain of the Capetian kings.
Spanish Gothic architecture of this period was also based largely on French monuments; the forms, however, were modified, as in Toledo and Burgos, in the direction of greater ornamental display, partly derived from Moorish precedents.
www.bartleby.com /65/go/Gothicar.html   (1702 words)

 Gothic architecture and art on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE AND ART [Gothic architecture and art] structures (largely cathedrals and churches) and works of art first created in France in the 12th cent.
Gothic architecture in the poetry of David Jones and Geoffrey Hill.
Architecture: An ace caff attached; The building of a pounds 3.5m refectory at Norwich Cathedral called for a design that married modern architecture with the original Norman- cum-Gothic precepts.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/G/Gothicar.asp   (1984 words)

 Gothic Art And Architecture
The term Gothic was coined by classicizing Italian writers of the Renaissance, who attributed the invention (and what to them was the non-classical ugliness) of medieval architecture to the barbarian Gothic tribes that had destroyed the Roman Empire and its classical culture in the 5th century Ad.
At the technical level Gothic architecture is characterized by the ribbed vault (a vault in which stone ribs carry the vaulted surface), the pointed arch, and the flying buttress (normally a half arch carrying the thrust of a roof or vault across an aisle to an outer pier or buttress).
Gothic sculpture was closely tied to architecture, since it was used primarily to decorate the exteriors of cathedrals and other religious buildings.
history-world.org /gothic_art_and_architecture.htm   (5979 words)

The era when architecture was to be the favourite mode for the artistic voicing of a civilization was, at least in the South, nearly at an end; painting and sculpture were to take its place, and therefore the Gothic architecture of Italy was to remain both racially alien and in its nature episodical.
Thus in the hour of political and economic misfortune, in the midst of the financial ruin and degradation of the Church, was born flamboyant architecture -- the last frail blossom of medieval genius.
Generally speaking, fifteenth-century architecture throughout Europe is secular as opposed to the Cluniac Romanesque and Norman, and the Cistercian Gothic of the three preceding centuries.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06665b.htm   (9954 words)

 St. Joseph Messenger: Architecture
Gothic architecture made its debut in the cathedrals of France during the 12th century.
Gothic architecture also tends to be dramatic in height.
Hundreds of Gothic cathedrals were built in Europe between the 12th and the 15th centuries--the Notre Dame Cathedrals of Paris and Chartres (at right), France are probably the most well-known.
www.aquinas-multimedia.com /stjoseph/architecture.html   (699 words)

 Gothic architecture
Gothic sculpture was born on the wall, in the middle of the 12th century in Île-de-France, when Abbot Suger built the abbey at St. Denis (ca.
Gothic sculpture evolved from the early stiff and elongated style, still partly Romanesque, into a spatial and naturalistic feel in the late 12th and early 13th century.
Gothic architecture is a style of European architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards.
www.italyart.biz /gothic.html   (1573 words)

 Robert Branner: Gothic Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gothic architects designed town halls, royal palaces, courthouses and hospitals, they fortified cities and castles to defend lands against invasion, and they created bridges and hostelries to facilitate communication.
The Gothic interpretation of this point of view was a monument that seems to dwarf the man who enters it, for space, light, structure and the plastic effects of the masonry are organized to produce a visionary scale.
Gothic was not dark, massive, and contained, like the older Romanesque style, but light, open and aerial, and its appearance in all parts of Europe had an enduring effect on the outlook of succeeding generations.
www.columbia.edu /~eer1/branner.html   (4107 words)

 Gothic Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gothic architecture is any of the styles of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use throughout Europe during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards.
It was succeeded by Renaissance architecture, a revival of Roman formulas, at varying times in Europe, beginning in Florence in the 15th century.
The Houses of Parliament in London are an example of this Gothic revival style, designed by a major exponent of the early Gothic Revival, Augustus Pugin.
www.wikiverse.org /gothic-architecture   (905 words)

 Gothic Architecture
This Gothic architecture followed and was developel from the Romanesque by attempts to solve certain structural problems in the vaulting of the basilican and Romanesque churches.
Some one has said of the buttressed Gothic, that the architects could not make their churches stand up without crutches, but we shall learn that buttresses were there for an artistic and useful purpose as well and helped to make the style possible.
But it was not a vulgar style by any means, for the people of the North had become civilized and their Gothic architecture was as refined and elegant as any the world has produced.
www.oldandsold.com /articles10/famous-buildings-26.shtml   (837 words)

 Gothic Architecture
Gothic sculpture is linked to the rise in Gothic architecture, which began at the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis (fig.2) in about AD 1130, then spreading to the cathedrals of Sens (1140), Noyons (1150), Senlis (1151), Paris (1163), Laon (1165), and Chartres (1194).
The main shift of the Gothic era occurred from the older, heavier style of Romanesque architecture, based on a solid stone vault, to the lighter, elevated Gothic style based on both the Romanesque and Islamic use of the pointed arch and cross-ribbed vault.
Whereas Gothic architecture had difficulty establishing a secure foothold in Italy, with its artistic traditions inspired by the classical style, it had an enormous impact in Germany, which eventually took over the leading role as an innovative center of the Gothic tradition.
www.athenapub.com /14gothic-architecture.htm   (1109 words)

 Gothic Architecture in England
Gothic architecture in England, from the Norman, to the Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular Gothic styles.
Gothic architecture in Britain has been neatly divided into 4 periods, or styles.
It was not until the 16th century that art critic Giorgio Vassari derisively compared medieval architecture to the barbarism (and presumed lack of taste) of the Goths who had ravaged Rome.
www.britainexpress.com /History/Gothic-architecture.htm   (806 words)

 Gothic architecture and art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gothic architecture and art: The Nature of the Gothic - The Nature of the Gothic The essential character of the Gothic period, particularly at the outset,...
Gothic architecture and art: Characteristics of Gothic Architecture - Characteristics of Gothic Architecture It is generally agreed that Gothic architecture made its...
Gothic architecture and art: Landmarks of French Gothic Architecture - Landmarks of French Gothic Architecture The first important example of Gothic architecture was the...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/ent/A0821376.html   (345 words)

 Gothic Revival   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gothic architecture was dominant in France and the western half of Europe in the 12th through the middle of the 16th centuries.
In a Gothic cathedral the transverse arches and adjacent piers of the arcade divide the building into bays, the design of which is an architectural unit repeated in each bay.
One of the compartments of a groin or ribbed vault, in the Romanesque period usually of plastered rubble, in the Gothic period of neatly coursed stones.
ah.bfn.org /a/archsty/gothic   (1454 words)

 Gothic Architecture
Gothic architecture is the term used to describe the building styles which were used between 1200 to 1500.
This phased Gothic Architecture terminology was devised by the English architect Thomas Rickman and used in his book 'An Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of English Architecture from the Conquest to the Reformation' which was published in 1817.
The materials used for early Gothic gargoyles were stone but the later gargoyles, especially in churches, were predominantly limestone and marble, although metals such as lead were used in fashioning some gargoyles.
www.castles.me.uk /gothic-architecture.htm   (1212 words)

The person generally honored as the originator of the Gothic style was Abbot Suger (1081-1151), whose Benedictine abbey church of St.
The transition from Romanesque and Norman architecture to Gothic is especially evident in Canterbury and St. Alban's Cathedral.
By 1600 the dominant architectural style for public buildings, churches, and private estates was neoclassical, except in areas like Oxford and Cambridge, where the Gothic style continued unchecked in reverence for tradition.
www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu /~rviau/gothicoverview.html   (1661 words)

 Gothic Architecture - Clipart ETC
Capital Fourteenth century French Gothic capital from the transept of Notre Dame, Paris.
Cresting Crestings decorate the ridges of most Gothic roofs, on which the covering was usually of lead, copper, or slate.
Gothic Architecture - Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral, an example of Gothic archcitecture.
etc.usf.edu /clipart/galleries/Arts/gothic_architecture.htm   (571 words)

 Gothic Art | Special Topics Page | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Vasari implied that this architecture was debased, especially compared to that of his own time, which had revived the forms of
Gothic architecture is the result of an engineering challenge: how to span in stone ever-wider surfaces from ever-greater heights?
The new architectural grammar was first coherently articulated in the ambulatory (chevet) of the royal abbey church of Saint-Denis, north of Paris, built under Abbot Suger between 1140 and 1144.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/mgot/hd_mgot.htm   (1012 words)

 Gothic Architecture - History for Kids!
After the Romanesque period in architecture, around 1200 AD, most people in western Europe began to build churches and palaces in the Gothic style.
Gothic churches have many more windows, and much bigger windows, and so they are not dark like Romanesque churches.
Gothic churches are also usually bigger than Romanesque churches.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/medieval/architecture/gothic.htm   (258 words)

 Gothic Field Guide to Architectural Terms
- the pointed arch is widely regarded as the main identifiable feature of Gothic architecture (distinct from the round arch of the Romanesque period).
The most common Gothic arches are the Lancet, Equilateral and Ogee.
- in cathedral architecture, the north and south projections or "arms" of the cross.
www.newyorkcarver.com /Glossary.htm   (1042 words)

 Gothic art and architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In the Renaissance this form was called 'Gothic' by Italian writers who attributed it to the barbarian northern tribes that once destroyed the Roman empire.
Although the term suggests a Teutonic origin, Gothic art (arisen in central France) has nothing to do with Goths and even played a role in the restoration of classical aesthetic ideals.
These pages are attributed to the art form, dominated by architecture in its struggle against gravity, that flourished in Europe from the 12th until the 16th century.
www.xs4all.nl /~helfrich/gothic   (121 words)

 Amsterdam Heritage - Gothic Architecture
The only remnants of Gothic architecture in Amsterdam are churches (especially Oude Kerk, Nieuwe Kerk).
The Amsterdam version of Gothic architecture is commonly referred to as ‘Dutch Brick Gothic’ or ‘Polder Gothic’ architecture, although it is important to realise that the Nieuwe Kerk shares some features with French Gothic architecture.
Fortunately several Amsterdam houses are still in possession of their original Gothic timber frames, including the traditional nib decorations.
www.bmz.amsterdam.nl /adam/uk/gotiek.html   (250 words)

 Open Directory - Arts: Architecture: History: Periods and Styles: Gothic
Gothic Architecture - The introduction to Robert Branner's book 'Gothic Architecture' provides an overview of the subject.
Gothic Art and Architecture - Serge Helfrich introduces the art form, dominated by the struggle of architecture against gravity, that flourished in Europe from the 12th until the 16th century.
Gothic Dreams - An exploration and study of churches and cathedrals in the Gothic style.
dmoz.org /Arts/Architecture/History/Periods_and_Styles/Gothic   (508 words)

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