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Topic: Ijma

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  Modernists October 2000   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The ijma' al-tabi'in or consensus of the Successors.
Ijma' during this period was complicated by the fact that there no longer was a legitimate Islamic government to unite all the Muslims on one view.
The political role that the ijma' of the ahl al-hall wa al-aqd played was to maintain the status quo, and anyone challenging the leadership was condemned for attempting to abrogate ijma' [kharq al- ijma'] and for causing chaos [fawda].
www.islam21.net /pages/keyissues/key1-39.htm   (4552 words)

 Talk:Ijma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 1st occasion for Ijma arose immediately after the death of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) which was the selection of the Caliph of Islamic state.The election of Hazrat Abu Bakar Saddique as caliph was by two votes of the people and this was done on the principle of Ijma.
The evidence required whether an Ijma has been constituted is called proof of ijma.the ijma is said to be universally known among the masses that an ijma has been constituted meaning thereby that it is well known among the masses that ijma has been constituted.All the four Sunni Schools hold the above said view.
According to Hanfi’s it is so when Ijma to be absolute must be in accordance to the requirements of law and ensure certainty if belief and anyone disputing its authority would be guilty of thing a non-believer.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Ijma   (963 words)

 Ijma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Islamic law outlines specific means of consensus decision making which Muslims are to follow in making and enforcing law.
The hadith "My community will never agree upon an error" is often cited as support for the validity of ijma.
Sunni Muslims regard ijma as the fourth fundamental source of Sharia law, after Qur'an, Sunnah, and qiyas (analogy).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ijma   (113 words)

 IPE Methodology: Qur'an, Sunnah, Ijma and Ijtehad   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The discursions that establish Ijma form extensive interactions among the agents involved to form certain rules of conduct and comprehension on specific issues facing the socio-scientific order at every moment of the life of an Islamic society, nation, community and the world nation (Ummah).
Ijma can be majority rule on a given issue but consensus is sought as discursions continue over the life of the Ummah.
The epistemological foundation of Islamic socio-scientific order is thus seen to be premised on a pervasiveness of knowledge and not on the coercion of laws, rules and discipline that may emanate from self-righteous perceptions on specific issues.
islamic-finance.net /islamic-economy/chap2/chap2index.html   (307 words)

 Jute Advisory Board intervention sought to stop JPMA dilution - Express Textile - Editorial
In a memorandum to JAB, the IJMA said apart from adverse effect on jute industry and its workers, the government decision to dilute the compulsory packaging norms by 20 per cent in respect of foodgrains and 25 per cent in respect of sugar will give rise to serious problems in marketing of raw jute.
IJMA said about six lakh metric tons of jute bags are presently consumed annually for foodgrains packaging and another two lakh metric tons for sugar.
IJMA said the dilution in Jute Packaging Mandatory Act ’87, which was passed to help the industry providing employment to over 20 lakh people, will give an opportunity to synthetic bags to make an entry into foodgrains and sugar packaging.
www.expresstextile.com /20020718/yarns2.shtml   (843 words)

 REPORT of THE COURT OF INQUIRY - Foundations of Islamic State : Qur’an, Sunna ijma’, ijtihad
Ijma’ means concurrence of the mujtahids of the people, i.e., of those who have a right, in virtue of knowledge, to form a judgment of their own, after the death of the Holy Prophet.
The essential point to remember about ijma’ is that it represents the agreement of the mujtahids and that the agreement of the masses is especially excluded.
The distinction between ijma’ and ijtihad is that whereas the former is collective, the latter is individual.
www.thepersecution.org /archive/munir/p203.html   (2394 words)

 The Meaning of Ijma
Ijma' established by an absence of knowledge of opposition is not conclusive.
Ijma' on matters related to the fundamentals of din whose comprehension is needed by all Muslims, e.g.
We cannot, however, demonstrate that the suhaba believed that their ijma' or ijma' qat'i has binding authority, while such a demonstration would obviously be necessary to prove ijma' on the basis of ijma'.
www.geocities.com /alummah2000/MeaningOfIjma.html   (2592 words)

 Seventh Session, Part 2
First, you said that ijma, the consensus of the umma, is the most valid reasoning, and in support of your point you narrated a hadith.
Ijma means that there was a gathering of intelligent people and prominent companions who assembled in the Saqifa.
The ijma of the intellectuals and the prominent companions of Medina is a flagrant lie.
www.al-shia.com /html/eng/books/peshawar/7.2.htm   (3038 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The reason he says that this is "like ijma`" is because you have two of the Rightly Guided caliphs (Allah be pleased with them all) doing something without it being known that anyone contradicted them.
This is not the same as the ijma` that everyone agrees upon, but is known as ijma` sukuti.
Some Hanbalis accept ijma` sukuti, but all accept the opinion of a Companion (Allah be pleased with them all) where no difference of opinion is known, especially when it is one of the caliphs.
mac.abc.se /~onesr/h/91.html   (295 words)

 Ijma: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com - All about Ijma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
(Arabic) ijma refers to the consensus of the umma[?], the community of Muslims, those practicing Islam.
The independent thought of each participant is called the ijtihad, and has often been suppressed during the long history of sharia and Islam itself.
Modern reformers of Muslim practice point to suppressions of ijma under the Ottoman Empire and seek to restore consensus decision making to religious, and ultimately political life.
www.encyclopedian.com /ij/Ijma.html   (156 words)

 Pakistan Link - Letter & Opinion
Ijma and Qiyas are two important sources of hukm Shar’i (Islamic regulations).
It should be understood that Ijma and Qiyas are not fundamental rethinking and reconstruction of the transcendental truth found in the Holy Quran and the Sunnah.
The directives and injunctions derived through Ijma, Qiyas, Ijtihad (Judgment of jurists), and Istihsan (Juristic preferences) are limited in scope in the sense that they merely reconstitute modern society and reconstruct modern thought within the ordained legal framework of Islam.
www.pakistanlink.com /Letters/99/Feb/05/01.html   (994 words)

 The Death of Jesus according to Islamic sources: 3. Ijma of the Muslim Umma
Evidence of the Ijma‘ of the Muslim Nation
After the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s death, the first Ijma‘ of the Muslims, in which all the Companions of the Holy Prophet participated, decided this very issue of Jesus’ death.
This incident establishes the companions’ consensus —; the first Ijma ‘ after the Holy Prophet — that all prophets are dead.
www.muslim.org /islam/deathj-i.htm   (650 words)

 Financial Express: IJMA loses significance, may pose problems for trade unions in future   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
IJMA chairmanKajaria agreed that this move broke the unity of the mill owners.
However, the losing significance of IJMA may turn out to be a temporary enjoyment of the trade union leaders.
He further said that IJMA has lost its bargaining role and this certainly is an inauspicious development for the trade union leaders.
www.expressindia.com /fe/daily/19990301/fec01070p.html   (618 words)

 The Doctrine of Ijma' in Islam - A Study of the Juridical Principle of Consensus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ijma' - Consensus - is one of the four basic principles of Islamic jurisprudence.
Ijma' (Consensus) is one of the four basic principles of Islamic Jurisprudence.
The first three chapters are introductory studying the social and political role of Ijma' and its authority.
www.indiaclub.com /html/6824.htm   (212 words)

 The Meaning of Ijma` (Consensus)
Silent ijma' is not a conclusive proof except in case of the suhaba
It is not possible for ijma' to have validity unless it is on the basis of qiyas.
This role of ijma' is comparable to the role of the Pope in Catholicism.
www.islamicperspectives.com /MeaningOfIjma.htm   (2547 words)

Ijma' (consensus) was the agreement of the ijtihads of contemporary mujtahids of a century with one another.
The ijma's in the preceding centuries were to be used as proofs and documents by the mujtahids of the posterior centuries.
The soundest, the most valuable ijma' was the ijma' of as-Sahabat al-kiram.
www.hizmetbooks.org /Answer_to_an_Enemy_of_Islam/enemy11-15.htm   (1287 words)

 Ibn Taymiah's Deviations From Islam
He also said: He infringed the Ijma^ in many issues, which was said to be sixty issues, some of which are in the Usul and others in the Furu^ [Al-'Usul is ^Ilm-ut-Tawhid, the Science of the belief in Allah and His Messenger.
In this, he infringed the Ijma^ of the scholars of al-'Islam that the provisional divorce occurs when the provisional matter happens, whether or not it was with the purpose of yamin.
This issue of divorce in which Ibn Taymiyah deviated is the same issue that Hafiz al-^Ala'iyy said: Ibn Taymiyah reported the Ijma^ upon the occurrence of the three-time divorce by one pronouncement and the occurrence of the provisional divorce if the provision happened, then he infringed the Ijma^ in both matters.
asmar.perso.ch /wahhabies/htm/taymiah.htm   (12979 words)

 The Nature of Islam 6. Islam divided
But the theological and juristic differences between these schools are found in the extent of acceptance, or rather degree of refutation, of ijma (consensus of the ulema - the Muslim 'clergy'), qiyas (reasoning by analogy) and ijtihad (independent juristic reasoning).
Ijma is usually considered the third source of the Shari'a.
if ye judge between mankind, that ye judge justly."54 The fact is, that ijma was the methodology which edited the canonised text of the Koran and also decided which sayings of Muhammed were authentic, and it was through the ijma that the Koran and the sunna became authoritative.
notendur.centrum.is /~snorrigb/islam6.htm   (3475 words)

 MuslimVillage Forums -> Women Leading Prayer For Men
If this is understood that they were in contradiction, then the rules of fiqh dictate that their view is not counted and it is haram for a person to follow them in it.
As well if the Ijma is established in a matter (as is in the matter of women not leading men in obligatory salah) then another statement that comes after this established ijma will certainly be falsehood as the prophet had said: "My ummah will never have concensus on misguidance".
To insist on ijma in every issue inorder to not follow that which is clear and correct just as the day from the night, then that is a methadology which will cause all of fiqh to break down.
forums.muslimvillage.net /index.php?showtopic=8942&st=30&p=113386   (7707 words)

 Bengal forms tripartite panel for jute industry
The committee has 10 representatives from the labour department, trade unions, the Indian Jute Mills Association (IJMA) and from non-IJMA mills.Labour commissioner N Das is heading the committee.
IJMA is represented by GM Singhi, president, and Sanjay Kajaria.
Among the non-IJMA mills, S Pal of National Jute Manufacturers Corporation, the ailing public sector unit, and S Barat of Prabartak Jute Mill are in the committee.Members of the four major central trade unions are also in the committee.
www.expressindia.com /fe/daily/19970709/18955703.html   (457 words)

 What is Ijma (Consensus of the Ummah)?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the Shariah شريعه;, the meaning of “Ijma is the unanimity of all Fuqaha فقه Mujtahiddeen مجتهدين of one era on a single Shariah شريعه; ruling, after the period of Prophet Muhammad صلی الله عليه وسلم.” We find valid Shariah شريعه; evidence for Ijma in the Glorious Qur’aan and Hadeeth,
From this we understand that to oppose the agreed upon decisions Ijma of the Ummah is a grave sin.
The second benefit of Ijma is that whatever proof it is based on, the forthcoming Ummah will not have to delve into and/or contemplate over this proof.
www.islam-is-the-only-solution.com /ijma.htm   (750 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
IJMA will be concerned with research in the interface of computer science and mathematics.
This list is not meant to be an exhaustive list but rather an indication of the scope of IJMA.
Below are details of the IJMA editorial board.
compgeom.cs.uiuc.edu /~jeffe/compgeom/files/ijma.html   (310 words)

 Attacking the House of Fatimah (AS)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Attacking the House of Fatimah (AS) A Sunni Brother mentioned that the Caliphate of Abu Bakr is the Consensus of scholars (Ijma').
It is incumbent upon Muslims to accept the Ijma'.
First I would like to point out that we also believe that Ijma'a is binding.
al-islam.org /encyclopedia/chapter4/5.html   (3009 words)

 ijma` sri
ijma` is, one goes to the jurists and sees what the jursist had to say.
This is known as tacit ijma` [ijma` sukuti].
that tacit ijma` [ijma` sukuti] is binding and that it is not a require-
mac.abc.se /home/onesr/ez/isl/ijma_sri.html   (3009 words)

 Question: Is there zakah on diamonds, expensive paintings etc
ijma‘ is a source of binding Islamic law and therefore to question it would be tantamount to rejecting a divine injunction.
ijma‘ cannot be established on the basis of the Qur`an and the authentic ahadith and even among scholars there is no agreement as to what
ijma‘ are often thrown around by people in order to support their opinions, but closer examination shows most such claims to be doubtful at best.
www.islamicperspectives.com /Zakah-Diamonds.htm   (1933 words)

 Govt initiative could prevent indefinite jute strike: IJMA - News & Views - Express Textile   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Indian Jute Mills Association (IJMA), the apex body of jute manufacturers in the country, has said a bit more initiative by the West Bengal government could help prevent the proposed indefinite strike in the industry from the first week of December.
Asked how a production norm could be set for all the mills when there was difference in maintenance levels of machinery, Mr Singhvi said the state government could evolve a system for this which could be acceptable to both the parties.
Commenting on the delay in the clearance of the Rs 500 crore jute technology mission from the Planning Commission, the IJMA chairman said that there was some discrepancy in drafting the proposal after which the commission had sought certain clarification.
www.expresstextile.com /20031030/newsviews04.shtml   (397 words)

 The Hindu Business Line : IJMA to go in for 6-day week to protest high raw jute prices
MEMBERS of the Indian Jute Mills Association (IJMA) have decided to go in for a six-day production week to protest against the high raw jute price fixed by the Jute Corporation of India (JCI).
Addressing a press conference, senior IJMA members said JCI had arbitrarily fixed the raw jute price at Rs 1,500 a quintal against the existing market price of Rs 1,150 a quintal.
IJMA members feel that this is illegal and should be abolished.
www.thehindubusinessline.com /2005/09/17/stories/2005091702831200.htm   (296 words)

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