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# Topic: Metric system

###### In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

 Online Conversion - Metric System A metric system is a system of units for measurement developed in late 18th century France with decimal multipliers. In the early metric system there were two fundamental or base units, the metre and the kilogram, for length and mass. Later metric systems were based on the metre, kilogram and second (MKS) to improve the value of the units for practical applications. www.onlineconversion.com /article_metric_system.htm   (0 words)

 Metric system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In the early metric system there were several fundamental or base units, the grad or grade for angles, the metre for length, the gram for mass and the litre for capacity. The original base units of the metric system could be derived from the length of a meridian of the Earth and the weight of a certain volume of pure water. The metric system is decimal, in the sense that all multiples and submultiples of the base units are factors of powers of ten of the unit. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Metric_system   (2966 words)

 Metric System - MSN Encarta Metric System, a decimal system of physical units based on a unit of length known as the meter (Greek metron, “measure”). All units of measurement in the metric system are based on decimals—that is, units that increase or decrease by multiples of ten. To change units in the metric system, simply move the decimal point to the right or the left, depending on whether the unit of measurement is increasing or decreasing by ten or one hundred and so on. encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761561345/Metric_System.html   (787 words)

 International System of Units - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The metric system was conceived by a group of scientists (among them, Lavoisier) which had been commissioned by king Louis XVI of France to create a unified and rational system of measures. During the history of the metric system a number of variations have evolved and their use spread around the world replacing many traditional measurement systems. The worldwide adoption of the metric system as a tool of economy and everyday commerce was based to some extent on the lack of customary systems in many countries to adequately describe some concepts, or as a result of an attempt to standardize the many regional variations in the customary system. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/SI   (1806 words)

 SI After the 18 Brumaire Year VIII, the metric system was definitively adopted in France by the First Consul Bonaparte, (the later Napoleon I) on Decembre 10, 1799 (Loi du 19 frimaire an VIII). The 10th resolution of CGPM in 2003 declared that "the symbol for the decimal marker shall be either the point on the line or the comma on the line". The swift worldwide adoption of the metric system as a tool of economy and everyday commerce was based mainly on the lack of customary systems in many countries to adequately describe some concepts, or as a result of an attempt to standardize the many regional variations in the customary system. www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/s/si/si.html   (1707 words)

 Units: The Metric System Prior to the introduction of the metric system, it was common for units of length, land area, and weight to vary, not just from one country to another but from one region to another within the same country. The first countries to actually require use of the metric system were Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, in 1820. The metric system has been the customary measurement system in France for almost two centuries, in the rest of continental Europe for at least one century, and in the rest of the world for a least a generation or two. www.unc.edu /~rowlett/units/metric.html   (1109 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : SI   (Site not responding. Last check: ) It is the most common system for everyday commerce in the world, and is common in science and nearly universally used in some branches of science. The metric system was officially adopted in France after the French Revolution. The presence of these adjustments has been one reason advocates of the U.S. customary units had used against metrication; these customary units, however, are nowadays defined in terms of SI units, thus any difference in the definition of the SI units results in a difference of the definition of the customary units. www.hallencyclopedia.com /SI   (1613 words)

 212.net/Metric System The modern metric system of units and standards of measure is rooted in 17th and 18th-century efforts to establish a simple, easily used system of weights and measures universally acceptable to the countries of the world. The metric system is based on the decimal system, multiples and submultiples are always related to powers of ten. The metric system is a dynamic system which is continually being improved to keep pace with developments in science and technology. www.212.net /metric/birth.htm   (347 words)

 The Metric System   (Site not responding. Last check: ) In 1960, the metric system was officially named the Système International d'Unités (or SI for short) and is now used in nearly every country in the world except the United States. The simplicity of the metric system stems from the fact that there is only one unit of measurement (or base unit) for each type of quantity measured (length, mass, etc.). The meter is a unit of length equal to 3.28 feet; the gram is a unit of mass equal to approximately 0.0022 pounds (about the mass of a paper clip); and the liter is a unit of volume equal to 1.05 quarts. www.visionlearning.com /library/module_viewer.php?mid=47   (1273 words)

 Metric units and Measurement The standard unit of length in the metric system is the meter. The standard unit of volume in the metric system is the liter. The standard unit of mass in the metric system is the gram. www.mathleague.com /help/metric/metric.htm   (0 words)

 Toward a Metric America: The United States and the Metric System   (Site not responding. Last check: ) The majority of study participants believed that conversion to the metric system was in the best interests of the Nation, particularly in view of the importance of foreign trade and the increasing influence of technology in American life. This legislation amended the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 and designates the metric system as the "preferred system of weights and measures for United States trade and commerce." The legislation states that the Federal Government has a responsibility to assist industry, especially small business, as it voluntarily converts to the metric system of measurement. Federal agencies were required by this legislation, with certain exceptions, to use the metric system in their procurement, grants and other business-related activities by the end of 1992. www.pueblo.gsa.gov /cic_text/misc/usmetric/metric.htm   (908 words)

 Metric System The objectives of this laboratory exercise are: to become more familiar with the rational for using the Metric System, become proficient in the collection of biological information using metric measurements, demonstrate an ability to convert between units of metric measurement. The Metric System also allows for multiples or fractions of a unit to be measured except that instead of using fractions with variable denominators the unit size is variable. Metric length is collected with a ruler measured in meter (m), centimeter (cm), and/or millimeter (mm) units. www.mc.cc.md.us /Departments/biotp/Metric.html   (1812 words)

 [No title] This system of units for electromagnetic theory was derived from the base units centimetre, gram and second and found some use in experimental physics. For more than 95% of the world population, the metric system is the customary system of units, and for more than half of the industrialized world, it has been for at least a century. In practice, people find that metric dimensions are far easier to subdivide by various factors, as it is easier to move to smaller subunits and as it is more common in the metric world to use standardized preferred number sequences. www.cl.cam.ac.uk /~mgk25/metric-system-faq.txt   (8650 words)

 CNN.com - Why the metric system is wrong - Dec. 3, 2002 Originally, you see, the metric unit of distance was supposed to be one ten-millionth of the span from the north pole to the equator. In the United States, the reluctance to adopt the metric system caused trouble as recently as 1999, when NASA's Mars Climate Orbiter failed because of a conflict in measurement systems: some engineers used English measurements, others used metric, and determinations were thrown off because of the lack of agreement. The metric system was meant to be global, and the meter created by the surveyors has become the worldwide standard. www.cnn.com /2002/SHOWBIZ/books/12/02/alder.measure/index.html   (1104 words)

 89.06.02: Making Measurement Simple: The Metric System The metric system may seem difficult to those of us who have not grown up using it but that is mainly because of unfamiliarity with the units. The decimal system supposedly came from the Chinese and Egyptians, the duo-decimal from the Romans, the binary from the Hindus and the sexagesimal from the Sumarians and Babylonians. Thus, the S. system uses one unit for all kinds of energy; the “joule” (J) which is the amount of energy needed to push a distance of one meter against a force of one newton. www.yale.edu /ynhti/curriculum/units/1989/6/89.06.02.x.html   (5001 words)

 CNN - Metric mishap caused loss of NASA orbiter - September 30, 1999 A NASA document came out several years ago, when the Cassini mission to Saturn was under development, establishing the metric system for all units of measurement, Gavin said. The metric system is used for the Polar Lander mission, as well as upcoming missions to Mars, he said. Lorelle Young, president of the U.S. Metric Association, said the loss of Climate Orbiter brings up the "untenable" position of the United States in relation to most other countries, which rely on the metric system for measurement. www.cnn.com /TECH/space/9909/30/mars.metric.02   (1045 words)

 Metric converter plus Metric tables. Explanation & history of Metric system. Metric System and History - Explanation of the metric system (properly known as SI, or System International) and its history Metric and Imperial Units - Table and explanation of Metric and Imperial units. Measures of volume are different for the two systems due to the Imperial ounce being slightly smaller than the US equivalent (which affects all multiples of the ounce), and also due to the UK pint having 20 ounces whereas the the US pint has only 16 ounces. www.france-property-and-information.com /metric_conversion_table.htm   (0 words)

 The Metric System and Metric Conversion Calculator Download The metric system originated in France in the 1790s, as an alternative to the traditional English units of measurement. The new system was to standardize the units of measurement as trade expanded throughout continental Europe. Although metrics have been used internationally in scientific fields for many years, the push to convert the world to exclusively using the metric system only began in the 1970s. www.metrication.com   (0 words)

 Math in Daily Life -- Cooking by Numbers This system is based on a unit of measurement called the meter, which gets its name from the Greek word metron, "a measure." One meter is equal to 1 ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the North Pole. Or you could convert the recipe to metric values, guaranteeing that the cookies would taste as delicious in Portugal as in the U.S. To convert from cups to the appropriate metric measurement, liters, you need to know how many cups are in a liter. Mega- and giga- are prefixes used in the metric system. www.learner.org /exhibits/dailymath/meters_liters.html   (0 words)

 Ockham's Razor - 02/08/1998: Trouble with the Metric System Metric scales not only have an obvious advantage for most forms of digitally read measurement, but the system as a whole is superior when it comes to calculation, concise notation, range of application, transfer and transposition. The metric units, however, are reductions of astronomical size quantities, using a constant subdivision factor of ten. The length of the metre, a dimension which underpins the whole metric system, was originally (and quite erroneously, as it turned out), calculated as a fraction of the Earth's diameter. www.abc.net.au /rn/science/ockham/stories/s11563.htm   (2292 words)

 The International System (Metric) The International System of Units is a modernized version of the metric system, established by international agreement, that provides a logical and interconnected framework for all measurements in science, industry, and commerce. The system is built on a foundation of seven basic units, and all other units are derived from them. Ambiguities in powder indexing: conjunction of a ternary and binary lattice metric singularity in the cubic system. www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0001658.html   (588 words)

 EAA 02-00-001 - REP .1 - OSHA Metric Program The Metric Conversion Act of 1975 stated that the policy of the United States shall be to coordinate and plan the increasing use of the metric system in the United States. Appoint the OSHA Metric Coordinator to represent the OSHA on metrication committees. Devise and implement economical, effective means for informing OSHA employees of new uses of the metric system within the agency and for increasing employee understanding of the metric system of measurements. www.osha.gov /pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=DIRECTIVES&p_id=1711   (1176 words)

 Metric System The International System of Units, abbreviated SI (for the French name Système International d'Unités), is the most widely used system of units. The metric system can legally be used in every country in the world (including the United States), and in many countries its use is obligatory. The International System of Units was adopted by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) in 1960 and is built on the seven SI base units, which are used to define various SI derived units. www.metric-conversion-tables.com /metricsystem.htm   (189 words)

 VeloNews Forum - Bike Talk - The Metric System Rocks The pound system was in use long before Newton's apple enabled the metric weenies to "define" the difference between weight and mass. In the English system, engineers have to define two different units, that are often confused because they have almost identical names: "Pounds Force" (abbreviated lbf) is a unit of force, where as "Pounds Mass" (abbreviated lbm) is a unit of mass. Unit systems based on 12 or 16 don't have to use dodecimal or hexadecimal (there are many 12 and 16 based systems today that are just happy with decimal systems). www.velonews.com /phorum3/read.php?f=2&i=55240&t=55188   (1938 words)

 Conversion of units - metric conversions The metric system was devised in France in the 18 The standards for other measurements in metric system were set in a similar way. The metric system or International System of Units (SI) is based on seven base units for seven base quantities that are mutually independent. www.convert-me.com /en/metric_conversions_en.html   (0 words)

 [No title] The metric system is used worldwide in international trade and in science. The metric system, which is based on a system of 10, is simple. The other system, the English system, is difficult to use because it hard to convert from one unit to another so we included a converter on each page to help convert from the English system to the metric system. library.thinkquest.org /3804   (0 words)

 The Metric System The metric system was devised by French scientists in the late 18th century to replace the chaotic collection of units then in use. The goal of this effort was to produce a system that did not rely on a miscellany of separate standards, and to use the decimal system rather than fractions. On April 5, 1893 the inch was redefined as precisely 1/39.37 meter, and in a very real sense we have been using the metric system ever since. www.essex1.com /people/speer/metric.html   (0 words)

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