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Topic: Natural gas

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  Natural gas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Natural gas, commonly referred to as gas, is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane.
Natural gas is, in itself, harmless to the human body -- unlike carbon monoxide, for instance, it is not a poison.
Natural gas is often stored in underground caverns formed inside depleted gas reservoirs from previous gas wells, salt domes, or in tanks as liquefied natural gas.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Natural_gas   (2676 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: Manufactured and Natural Gas Industry
Natural gas is composed primarily of methane, a hydrocarbon composed of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms, or CH4.
Consumers also used this gas as a fuel for heating and cooking from the late nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century in many locations where natural gas was unavailable.
Manufactured gas continued to be used well into the twentieth century in many urban areas that did not have access to natural gas.
www.eh.net /encyclopedia/article/castaneda.gas.industry.us   (2976 words)

 Natural Gas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Natural gas consists of combustible hydrocarbons which are gaseous at ordinary temperatures and pressures, and have essentially the same origin as fluid hydrocarbons.
Data concerning the gas consumed in Arkansas in 1993 indicate that 67 percent is used for industrial and commercial purposes, and the remainder being divided between residential (20 percent), electric power generation (9 percent), and transportation (4 percent).
Most drilling conducted for natural gas in the Arkoma basin is presently done by rigs which utilize air to remove cuttings from the bottom of the hole, whereas standard rotary rigs utilizing mud as a medium to remove cuttings are used in southern Arkansas.
www.state.ar.us /agc/natural.htm   (858 words)

 Natural gas: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane....
Liquid petroleum gas (lpg or lp gas) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles, and increasingly replacing...
A natural gas vehicle or ngv is a vehicle that uses compressed natural gas (cng) or, less commonly, lngliquified natural gas (lng)) as a clean alternative...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/n/na/natural_gas.htm   (4389 words)

 Natural Gas
Natural gas was first used in America to illuminate the streets of Baltimore in 1816.
Natural gas can be used in any vehicle with a regular internal combustion engine, although the vehicle must be outfitted with a special carburetor and fuel tank.
Natural gas also has less sulfur and nitrogen compounds, and it emits less ash particulates into the air when it is burned than coal or petroleum fuels.
lsa.colorado.edu /essence/texts/naturalgas.htm   (2049 words)

 Nonrenewable Energy - Natural Gas
The main ingredient in natural gas is methane, a gas (or compound) composed of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms.
Natural gas is moved by pipelines from the producing fields to consumers.
Since natural gas demand is greater in the winter, gas is stored along the way in large underground storage systems, such as old oil and gas wells or caverns formed in old salt beds.
www.eia.doe.gov /kids/energyfacts/sources/non-renewable/naturalgas.html   (1316 words)

 AGA | About Natural Gas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Natural gas supplies nearly one-fourth (23 percent) of all of the energy used in the United States.  In 2004, the U.S. consumed 22.4 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas.
Most of the growth in natural gas demand comes from electricity generators, who have turned to natural gas because it is the cleanest-burning fossil fuel and highly efficient.
Natural gas utilities are important to the nation and its economy.
www.aga.org /Template.cfm?section=About_Natural_Gas   (527 words)

 DOE - Fossil Energy: A Brief Introduction to Natural Gas
Natural Gas: It is colorless, shapeless, and in its pure form, odorless.
Natural gas is made up mainly of a chemical called methane, a simple, compound that has a carbon atom surrounded by four hydrogen atoms.
While natural gas is plentiful, there is still some uncertainty about how much it will cost to get it out of the ground in the future.
www.fossil.energy.gov /education/energylessons/gas   (429 words)

 The Energy Story - Chapter 9: Natural Gas Distribution System
Natural gas is sent in larger pipelines to power plants to make electricity or to factories because they use lots of gas.
In some homes, natural gas is used for cooking, heating water and heating the house in a furnace.
In rural areas, where there are no natural gas pipelines, propane (another form of gas that's often made when oil is refined) or bottled gas is used instead of natural gas.
www.energyquest.ca.gov /story/chapter09.html   (522 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Natural gas
Natural gas (commonly refered to as gas in many countries) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane.
It is found in oil fields and natural gas fields, as well as - in smaller quantities - in coal beds.
Natural gas is often stored in underground caverns formed inside salt domes, or in tanks as Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Natural_gas   (1626 words)

 Our Natural Gas System
Natural gas is found under the earth, often in oil fields.
Then the gas is purified and the odorant which allows gas leaks to be detected is added to the normally odorless gas.
Natural gas suppliers can send the gas into big "transmission pipelines" which are usually buried underground.
www.pge.com /education_training/about_energy/how_gas_system_works   (483 words)

 Natural Gas • Hubbert Peak of Oil Production
Natural gas comes from plant life grown on terra firma, not from the marine algae which has given the world its oil.
Much if not most of the new gas involves "non-conventional" gas, and this has sometimes been found through recent exploration in areas in which oil does not or cannot exist, and sometimes it is presumed to exist in areas which may well be promising but which have not as yet been explored.
Gas reserves are much more difficult to assess than oil, and much more susceptible to economic factors, the most important of which is transport (pipelines/LNG).
www.hubbertpeak.com /gas   (2312 words)

 NaturalGas.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Natural gas is a principle source of energy for many of our day-to-day needs and activities.
The process of getting natural gas out of the ground, and to its final destination to be used, is a complicated one.
It is not surprising, then, that the natural gas industry generates a great deal of commerce worldwide.
www.naturalgas.org   (210 words)

 Natural Gas
Natural gas prices may be measured at different stages of the supply chain.
Natural gas price is particularly pegged to that of oil, since oil is natural gas closest substitute and supply of oil and natural gas are closely linked.
While natural gas futures originated at the New York Mercantile Exchange, the contract offered there was oriented to the eastern U.S. market, leaving western natural gas marketers--who faced supply and demand situations different from those in the east--without a risk management tool.
r0.unctad.org /infocomm/anglais/gas/prices.htm   (1614 words)

 Gauging the (natural) gas
The price of natural gas, a clean fuel that's preferred for new electric generators and many other purposes, doubled in the past year.
The new source, called gas hydrate or methane hydrate, is molecules of natural gas trapped inside crystals of frozen water -- ice.
Gas stores compactly inside ice, and estimates of gas hydrate are breathtaking.
whyfiles.org /119nat_gas/index.html   (979 words)

 Natural Gas Weekly Update
Natural gas spot prices decreased at virtually all market locations in the Lower 48 States for the week, reflecting predominantly moderate temperatures that likely reduced both late-season space heating demand and early-season air conditioning load.
Cumulative shut-in natural gas production from August 16, 2005 through May 3, 2006, totaled nearly 749 Bcf, which is equivalent to 18.9 percent of annual production in the Gulf of Mexico and about 3.9 percent of annual U.S. natural gas production.
Southern Natural Gas has announced it is currently experiencing receipts in excess of scheduled quantities and pipeline capacity west of the Bienville Compressor Station in North Louisiana, which is threatening the operational integrity of the system.
tonto.eia.doe.gov /oog/info/ngw/ngupdate.asp   (1248 words)

 About N a t u r a l G a s
Natural gas is a highly flammable hydrocarbon gas consisting chiefly of methane (CH4).
The gas is found entrapped in the earth's crust at varying depths beneath impervious strata, such as limestone, and may or may not be in association with oil.
Gas has the great advantage of producing no smoke or ash on burning, although it is usually much more expensive than coal as a fuel.
www.bydesign.com /fossilfuels/links/html/natural_gas.html   (256 words)

 Natural Gas Regulation, by Robert J. Michaels: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty
Natural gas is methane in underground deposits, produced by the same geological processes as oil.
Because many gas fields are reachable by more than one pipeline and because pipelines are extensively interconnected, the buyers' side of the wellhead market is also competitive.
The evolution of the gas industry is important both as history and as an illustration of the power of economic thinking to shape public policy.
www.econlib.org /library/Enc/NaturalGasRegulation.html   (1909 words)

 Natural Gas Products - Fisher Regulators
Natural gas (methane) is a clean-burning fuel gas used for many residential, commercial, and industrial applications.
Worldwide, natural gas is used for residential, commercial, and industrial applications.
For industrial applications, natural gas is used as a feedstock for making chemicals, such as anhydrous ammonia, and as a fuel for boilers and furnaces.
www.fisherregulators.com /products/natgas   (308 words)

 Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report
The weekly stocks generally are the volumes of working gas as of the report date.
Working gas in storage was 1,989 Bcf as of Friday, May 5, 2006, according to EIA estimates.
Notes: A weekly record for March 8, 2002, was linearly interpolated between the derived weekly estimates that end March 1 and the initial estimate from the EIA-912 on March 15.
tonto.eia.doe.gov /oog/info/ngs/ngs.html   (374 words)

 NaturalGas.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The History section provides a brief history of the importance of natural gas in society, and the beginnings of the modern natural gas industry.
The Resources section contains information on how much natural gas is thought to exist, and where it may be found both in North America and Worldwide.
The Uses section provides information on what exactly natural gas is used for, and why it is such an important energy source in our society.
www.naturalgas.org /overview/overview.asp   (179 words)

Natural Gas STAR, in cooperation with the Methane to Markets Partnership, is working with companies in major gas producing countries to reduce methane emissions internationally.
Through the Program, EPA works with companies that produce, process, and transmit and distribute natural gas to identify and promote the implementation of cost-effective technologies and practices to reduce emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
Basic Information – Learn more about methane emissions from oil and gas systems and how Natural Gas STAR is working collaboratively with the industry to reduce emissions.
www.epa.gov /gasstar   (328 words)

 DOE - Fossil Energy: DOE Natural Gas Regulatory Program
The Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply, Office of Natural Gas Regulatory Activities regulates natural gas imports and exports under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act of 1938; maintaining statistics on North American natural gas trade, and overseeing the Office of Fossil Energy's international programs pertaining to natural gas and petroleum.
In keeping with the Secretary of Energy's desire to improve the way the Department of Energy gathers and disseminates information about the use and origin of natural gas supplies for the United States, the Office of Fossil Energy is proposing to gather limited information on natural gas imports and exports on a monthly basis.
An applicant may fax an application for the import or export of natural gas to either (202) 586-6050 or (202) 586-4062.
www.fossil.energy.gov /programs/gasregulation   (386 words)

 Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Natural gas is domestically produced and readily available to end-users through the utility infrastructure.
Natural gas can either be stored onboard a vehicle as compressed natural gas (CNG) at 3,000 or 3,600 psi or as liquefied natural gas (LNG) at typically 20-150 psi.
Natural gas can also be blended with hydrogen; for more information on CNG/hydrogen blends, please see our site on fuel blends.
www.eere.energy.gov /afdc/altfuel/natural_gas.html   (152 words)

 IANGV - International Association of Natural Gas Vehicles - Home   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Natural gas can be used to power all classes of vehicles
As supplies of crude oil diminish and prices rise substantially; as the infrastructure for extraction, processing and transport of oil becomes less dependable and less secure, as oil price fluctuations become increasingly unmanageable, governments and vehicle owners throughout the world look to alternative fuel sources for the transport sector in particular.
With almost 5 million natural gas vehicles (NGVs) worldwide the International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV) is proud to have been at the forefront of industry growth.
www.iangv.org   (231 words)

 FERC: Gas
Regulation of the transportation of natural gas as authorized by the NGPA (Natural Gas Policy Act) and the OCSLA (Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act); and
Oversight of the construction and operation of pipeline facilities at U.S. points of entry for the import or export of natural gas.
Once Natural Gas pipeline projects become operational, safety is regulated, monitored and enforced by the Department of Transportation.
www.ferc.gov /industries/gas.asp   (106 words)

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