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Topic: Poisoning

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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  MedlinePlus: Poisoning
A poison is any substance that is harmful to your body.
The dangers of poisoning range from short-term illness to brain damage, coma and death.
To prevent poisoning it is important to use and store products exactly as their labels say.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/poisoning.html   (334 words)

The type of poison, the amount and time of exposure, and the age, size, and health of the victim are all factors which determine the severity of symptoms and the chances for recovery.
Symptoms of plant poisoning range from irritation of the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth and throat to nausea, vomiting, convulsions, irregular heartbeat, and even death.
The outcome of poisoning varies from complete recovery to death, and depends on the type and amount of the poison, the health of the victim, and the speed with which medical care is obtained.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/poisoning.jsp   (1943 words)

  US FDA/CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Mushroom toxins
There are four categories of mushroom toxins: protoplasmic poisons (poisons that result in generalized destruction of cells, followed by organ failure); neurotoxins (compounds that cause neurological symptoms such as profuse sweating, coma, convulsions, hallucinations, excitement, depression, spastic colon); gastrointestinal irritants (compounds that produce rapid, transient nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea); and disulfiram-like toxins.
Poisonings by these mushrooms are rarely fatal in adults and may be distinguished from ibotenic acid poisoning by the absence of drowsiness or coma.
Poisonings caused by intentional ingestion of these mushrooms by people with no legitimate religious justification must be handled with care, since the only cases likely to be seen by the physician are overdoses or intoxications caused by a combination of the mushroom and some added psychotropic substance (such as PCP).
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~mow/chap40.html   (3989 words)

  Poison - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Within chemistry and physics, a poison is a substance that obstructs or inhibits a reaction, for example by binding to a catalyst.
Poisons have been known to be symbolized by the skull and crossbones (shown beside), although since this attracts children (being linked to pirates) it is gradually being replaced by Mr.
Oxidizers Poisons of this class are generally not very harmful to higher life forms such as humans (for whom the outer layer of cells are more or less disposable), but lethal to microorganisms such as bacteria.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poison   (1840 words)

 Lifespan's A - Z Health Information Library - Food poisoning
Food poisoning is the result of eating organisms or toxins in contaminated food.
Food poisoning can affect one person or it can occur as an outbreak in a group of people who all ate the same contaminated food.
Even though food poisoning is relatively rare in the United States, it affects between 60 and 80 million people worldwide each year and results in approximately 6 to 8 million deaths.
www.lifespan.org /adam/healthillustratedencyclopedia/1/001652.html   (1220 words)

 Poisoning Encyclopedia of Medicine - Find Articles
Poisoning occurs when any substance interferes with normal body functions after it is swallowed, inhaled, injected, or absorbed.
The type of poison, the amount and time of exposure, and the age, size, and health of the victim are all factors which determine the severity of symptoms and the chances for recovery.
Symptoms of plant poisoning range from irritation of the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth and throat to nausea, vomiting, convulsions, irregular heartbeat, and even death.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2601/is_0010/ai_2601001083   (791 words)

 Management of Poisoning
Poison in the faeces may have passed down the gut without being absorbed into the blood or it may have been absorbed into the blood and then passed out into the gut again.
Poison in food or drink Food or drink can be contaminated by poison from microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or mould, or by chemical poisons.
Poisons made by microscopic organisms Food may be contaminated by bacteria before or after cooking, during preparation or storage, by contact with hands that have not been thoroughly washed, or with contaminated surfaces, containers or kitchen utensils.
www.intox.org /databank/documents/supplem/supp/sup1.htm   (19183 words)

 DNR - Mercury Poisoning
Chronic mercury poisoning may be accompanied by mental disturbances due to degeneration of nerve tracts and may result in blindness, weakness, incoordination and coma.
Control of mercury poisoning in wildlife is aimed at reducing the presence of mercury as an environmental contaminant.
Humans are susceptible to the toxic effects of mercury and have been poisoned due to the consumption of mercury-contaminated fish and shellfish.
www.michigan.gov /dnr/0,1607,7-153-10370_12150_12220-26953--,00.html   (517 words)

 CPCS: Food Poisoning and Safety
The annual incidence of food poisoning nation wide is estimated to be as high as 80 million cases.
An estimated 55% of food poisoning cases are caused by improper cooking and storage of foods, and 24% by poor hygiene (not washing hands before handling food).
Diagnosis of true food poisoning is difficult because the many organisms are found in different kinds of food and all have different incubation periods.
www.calpoison.org /public/food.html   (3768 words)

 Preventing Childhood Poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Childhood poisonings caused by accidental overdoses of iron-containing supplements are the biggest concern of poison control experts, consumer protection groups, and health-care providers.
Other signs of poison ingestion can be burns around the lips or mouth, stains of the substance around the child's mouth, or the smell of a child's breath.
The nation's first poison control center opened in Chicago in 1953, after a study of accidental deaths in childhood reported a large number were due to poisoning.
www.kidsource.com /kidsource/content3/fda.poisoning.all.safety.html   (3336 words)

 DNR - Lead Poisoning
Lead poisoning cases today are either the result of ingestion of spent lead shot or fishing sinkers and jig heads during normal feeding activities.
In ducks, geese and swans, lead poisoning is most commonly seen during migration in the late fall and early spring.
It has been proposed that the mortality directly due to lead poisoning may be secondary to the losses due to "non-lethal" effects of lead such as reproductive problems, increased susceptibility to disease and infection, and increased predation due to anemia and weakened muscles.
www.michigan.gov /dnr/0,1607,7-153-10370_12150_12220-26676--,00.html   (640 words)

 SANS - Internet Storm Center - Cooperative Cyber Threat Monitor And Alert System   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Note: As of April 3rd, this episode of DNS poisoning is not fully mitigated or explained yet.
A DNS cache poisoning attack allows an attacker to change the IP address for a host/domain and point it to a different IP address.
When a victim DNS cache is poisoned, the attacker will be affecting ALL future lookups of any domain name he chooses for ALL users of that DNS server.
isc.sans.org /presentations/dnspoisoning.php   (3853 words)

 Poisoning Prevention Safety - SafeUSA (TM)
Post the telephone number for your poison control center near your phone, in a place where all family members would be able to find it quickly in an emergency.
Symptoms of CO poisoning are similar to the flu, only without a fever (headache, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, shortness of breath).
Poison control centers help millions of people each year, ensuring that poisonings are treated rapidly and correctly.
www.safeusa.org /poison.htm   (1068 words)

 Food poisoning Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine - Find Articles
Food poisoning is a general term for health problems arising from eating food contaminated by viruses, chemicals, or bacterial toxins.
General indications of food poisoning include diarrhea, stomach pain or cramps, gurgling sounds in the stomach, fever, nausea, vomiting, and possibly a fever.
Symptoms of bacterial food poisoning occur because foodborne bacteria release enterotoxins, or poisons, as a byproduct of their growth in the body.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2603/is_0003/ai_2603000371   (873 words)

 US FDA/CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Various Shellfish-Associated Toxins
Shellfish poisoning is caused by a group of toxins elaborated by planktonic algae (dinoflagellates, in most cases) upon which the shellfish feed.
The 20 toxins responsible for paralytic shellfish poisonings (PSP) are all derivatives of saxitoxin.
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is a foodborne illness caused by consumption of shellfish or broth from cooked shellfish that contain either concentrated saxitoxin, an alkaloid neurotoxin, or related compounds.
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~mow/chap37.html   (1153 words)

 BBC NEWS | Europe | Ukraine candidate 'was poisoned'
They described the poisoning as serious and said that if left untreated it could have killed him.
Doctors were at first unable to confirm the poisoning theory but have now carried out further tests.
It is still not clear whether the poisoning was deliberate, though Dr Zimpfer said it was likely to have been caused by "a third party".
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/europe/4088345.stm   (484 words)

 Food Poisoning
Food poisoning is caused by four agents: bacteria, viruses, parasites and chemicals.
Metals cause poisonings when foods are stored in improper containers made of materials like tin, lead, copper and zinc.
A person with food poisoning may have any combination of these symptoms depending on the cause or the agent involved.
www.safete.com /safetyarticles/foodpoisoning/foodpoisoning.html   (740 words)

 Lead poisoning - MayoClinic.com
Lead poisoning is a result of exposure to lead in the environment.
Children are more susceptible to lead poisoning because lead can accumulate in their nervous system as they grow and develop.
Death by lead poisoning is uncommon, but dangerous levels of lead in children may cause serious health problems, including lower intelligence and poor school performance.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/lead-poisoning/FL00068   (264 words)

 Food Poisoning
Food poisoning refers to an illness that is caused by eating contaminated food.
Salmonella food poisoning also occurs when people have contact with the feces (bowel movements) of pet reptiles like turtles, lizards, and snakes, then eat or handle food without washing their hands.
If you have food poisoning, it is important to rest and replace the fluids and electrolytes your body loses through vomiting and diarrhea.
www.hmc.psu.edu /healthinfo/f/foodpoisoning.htm   (1628 words)

 Food Poisoning
Food poisoning is the result of eating microbes or toxins in contaminated food.
Shellfish poisoning: numbness or tingling around the mouth or in the arms and legs; trouble swallowing; difficulty speaking; death from anaphylactic shock, a severe allergic reaction 
Following Up For severe cases of food poisoning, the person may need to stay in the hospital to receive fluids and electrolytes, and so healthcare providers can monitor breathing.
www.umm.edu /altmed/ConsConditions/FoodPoisoningcc.html   (2794 words)

 NEJM -- Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
poisoning, a 1 to 3 percent probability of a seizure induced
Deaths from unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning and potential for prevention with carbon monoxide detectors.
Use of liver allografts from carbon monoxide poisoned cadaveric donors.
content.nejm.org /cgi/content/full/340/16/1290   (1726 words)

 Food poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The symptoms from the most common types of food poisoning generally start within 2 to 6 hours of eating the food responsible.
That time may be longer (even a number of days) or shorter, depending on the toxin or organism responsible for the food poisoning.
Even if you have food poisoning, however, these tests may not be able to verify it.
pennhealth.com /ency/article/001652.htm   (1218 words)

 Poisoning (0-12 months)
If you don't have the number handy, call the American Association of Poison Control Centers at (800) 222-1222 to be automatically redirected to your local poison control center.
Experts at the poison center will need to know your baby's approximate weight, any medical conditions he may have, any medications he's taking, and as much information about the substance he swallowed as you can give.
Ipecac is not an effective treatment for poisoning — most emergency rooms don't even use it anymore — and activated charcoal hasn't been proven a safe or effective remedy to give to children at home.
www.babycenter.com /refcap/baby/babyills/1008.html   (1356 words)

 Poisoning Information on Healthline
The branch of medicine that deals with the detection and treatment of poisons is known as toxicology.
The type of poison, the amount and time of exposure, and the age, size, and health of the victim are all factors which taken together determine the severity of symptoms and the chances for recovery.
Many cases of plant poisoning involve plants that contain hallucinogens, such as peyote cactus buttons, certain types of mushrooms, and marijuana.
www.healthline.com /galecontent/poisoning-1   (959 words)

 eMedicine - Poisoning : Article by James S Cohen, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: )
After that time, the poison has either been absorbed in the stomach or has passed farther down the intestinal tract where it cannot be vomited up.
When the poison is a heavy metal, such as lead, special medicines (chelators) bind the poison in the bloodstream and cause it to be eliminated in the urine.
The key to a good outcome is rapid recognition that a poisoning has occurred and rapid transport to a qualified medical facility when indicated.
www.emedicine.com /aaem/topic358.htm   (2588 words)

 Poisoning Citations
The death rate from poisoning among children ages 14 and under has declined 27 percent from 1987 to 1997.
Children continue to be at significantly greater risk from unintentional poisoning death and exposure than adults because they are smaller, have faster metabolic rates, and are less able to physically handle toxic chemicals.
In 1998, more than 2,300 cases of CO poisoning among children ages 5 and under were reported to poison control centers.
www.wwgh.com /search/webpages/facts/poisoning.htm   (1125 words)

This document provides information on poisonous plants of danger to grazing horses in North America, detailing the symptoms observed in affected horses, and including a picture of each toxic plant.
It looks at poisoning by onion, brassica, glucosinolate, red maple, yellow sweet clover, and bracken fern, and for each looks at the habitat, description, principal toxins, clinical signs of poisoning, and treatment.
It looks at what nitrate and nitrite poisoning is; sources of poisons including plants, hay and silage, and water; animal susceptibility; signs of poisoning; post-mortem findings; diagnosis; treatment; and prevention.
vetgate.ac.uk /browse/cabi/7b606a7e2282235d774fb547fceb9698.html   (1759 words)

 Poisonings, Facts - NCIPC
A poison is any substance that is harmful to your body when ingested (eaten), inhaled (breathed), injected, or absorbed through the skin.
Unintentional poisoning includes the use of drugs or chemicals for recreational purposes in excessive amounts, such as an “overdose.” It also includes the excessive use of drugs or chemicals for nonrecreational purposes, such as by a toddler.
Self-harm poisoning was the second-leading cause of ED visits for intentional injury in 2004 (CDC 2005).
www.cdc.gov /ncipc/factsheets/poisoning.htm   (1019 words)

 Lead Poisoning
Lead poisoning occurs when you absorb too much lead by breathing or swallowing a substance with lead in it, such as food, dust, paint, or water.
Lead poisoning is usually caused by months or years of exposure to small amounts of lead in the home, work, or day care environment.
Children with chronic lead poisoning may show slightly lower intelligence and may be smaller in size than children their age who do not have lead poisoning.
www.luhs.org /health/kbase/htm/hw11/9898/hw119900.htm   (1034 words)

 UO Stratics Alchemy Guide: The Assassin Essays, The Roleplayed Assassin
Lesser Poison is the weakest poison in the land.
Lesser Poison is known to take approximately one part in forty of the victims remaining health every 15 seconds (doing minimum of 3 points of damage), thus delivering nothing more than a need for a cure, or some patience in waiting for the poison to wear off.
Deadly Poison damages approximately one part in eight of remaining health every 5 seconds and, when the victim of the Deadly Poison reaches about 25% of total health remaining, the poison starts to take away stamina as well…making it exactly as the name implies…deadly.
uo.stratics.com /alchemy/assassin/essays/poisoning_essay.shtml   (2014 words)

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